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NOTICE TO SUBSCRIBERS 

CITY AND COUNTY OF SAN FRANCISCO 
HOUSING CODE, 2007 EDITION 

This Code includes amendments approved through 

November 6, 2007. 




AMERICAN LEGAL PUBLISHING CORPORATION 



432 Walnut Street Cincinnati, Ohio 45202-3909 (800) 445-5588 



SAN FRANCISCO, CALIFORNIA 
2007 HOUSING CODE 

January 2008 Supplement — Instruction Sheet 

Enclosed with this instruction sheet are new and replacement pages for your loose-leaf copy of the 
Housing Code, bringing the code current through November 6, 2007. In order to keep your copy of the 
code up to date, you must remove the following indicated obsolete pages from your code and replace 
them with the indicated revised pages. The footer appearing at the lower alternating comer of each page 
revised in this package is "1/01/2008." If you have any questions, please contact American Legal 
Publishing at 1-800-445-5588. 



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CITY AND COUNTY OF 
SAN FRANCISCO 

HOUSING CODE 
2007 Edition 



[Includes legislation adopted by the Board of Supervisors 
through November 6, 2007.] 




AMERICAN LEGAL PUBLISHING CORPORATION 



432 Walnut Street Cincinnati, Ohio 45202-3909 (800) 445-5588 



Copyright © 2008 

by 

THE CITY AND COUNTY OF SAN FRANCISCO 
A Municipal Corporation 



All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be 
reproduced or distributed by any means or stored in a 

database or retrieval system w^ithout prior written 
permission of the City and County of San Francisco. 



PUBLISHER'S NOTE 



The 2007 San Francisco Housing Code contained herein was adopted by the Board of Supervisors 
of the City and County of San Francisco on November 6, 2007, by Ordinance 256-07, effective January 
1,2008. 



Supplements to this Code and complete copies of all five 

Building Inspection Commission (BIC) Codes 

(Building, Electrical, Housing, Mechanical and Housing) 

can be ordered from: 

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PREFACE 



Historical Notations: 

Language which has been added, amended, or deleted from the 2007 publication of the San 
Francisco Housing Code is indicated with an historical notation, setting forth the ordinance number and 
date of adoption. 



2007 SAN FRANCISCO HOUSING CODE TABLE OF CONTENTS 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 



Chapter 1 Title and Scope 

Sec. 100. Policy . . 

Sec. 101. Title ... 

Sec. 102. Purpose . 



Sec. 103. Scope 

Sec, 104. Application to Existing Buildings and Structures 3 

Sec. 105. Alternate Materials 3 

Chapter 2 Enforcement 5 

Sec. 201. General 5 

Sec. 202. Reserved 6 

Sec. 203. Housing Advisory and Appeals Board 6 

Sec. 204. Violations 6 

Sec. 205. Posted Notices, Interference With 8 

Sec. 206. Retroactive Provisions 8 

Sec. 207. Assuming Responsibility for the Mobile Homes Park Act 10 

Chapter 3 Permits and Inspections 11 

Sec. 301. General 11 

Sec. 302. Fees 11 

Sec. 303. Inspection 11 

Chapter 3.5 Report of Residential Building Record 13 

Sec. 351. Report 13 

Sec. 352. Application 14 

Sec. 353. Inspection of Residential Building and Fee Therefor 14 

Chapter 4 Definitions 15 

Sec. 400. General 15 

Sec. 401. Definitions 15 

Chapter 5 Space and Occupancy Standards 19 

Sec. 501. General 19 

Sec. 502. Yards and Courts 19 

Sec. 503. Room Dimensions 19 

Sec. 504. Light and Ventilation 20 

Sec. 505. Sanitation 21 

Sec. 506. Habitable Basement Rooms 23 

Sec. 507. Cooking Facilities 23 

Chapter 6 Structural Requirements 25 

Sec. 601. Construction, Existing Apartment Houses and Hotels 25 

Sec. 602. Foundation Ventilation 25 

Sec. 603. Garages 25 

Sec. 604. Structural Maintenance 26 



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Chapter 7 Mechanical Requirements 27 

Sec. 701 . Heating and Ventilation 27 

Sec. 702. Reserved 28 

Sec. 703. Weather Protection 28 

Sec. 704. Roof Decks and Drying Platforms 28 

Sec. 705. Security; Purpose 28 

Sec. 706. Security; Standards 28 

Sec. 707. Garbage Receptacle Compartments 31 

Sec. 708. Weatherstripping of Windows 31 

Sec. 709. Prohibited Uses 31 

Sec. 710. Paints or Volatile Liquids 32 

Sec. 711. Machine Shop, etc 32 

Sec. 712. Identification of Utility Shutoff Devices 32 

Sec. 713. Elevators 33 

Fig. 712. Typical Multi Unit Dwelling Gas Meter Installation 34 

Chapter 8 Exits 35 

Sec. 800. General 35 

Sec. 801 . Exits, Stairs and Occupant Load 35 

Sec. 802. Stairways and Exit Corridors 36 

Sec. 803. Basement Stairways 36 

Sec. 804. Reserved 36 

Sec. 805. Stairway to Roof 36 

Sec. 806. Stairway Enclosures 37 

Sec. 807. Smoke Barriers 37 

Sec. 808. Elevator Enclosures 37 

Sec. 809. Exit Connection from Rear Yard to Street 37 

Sec. 810. Unobstructed Means of Egress .' 38 

Chapter 9 Fire Protection 39 

Sec. 900. General 39 

Sec. 901. Fire Alarms 39 

Sec. 902. Fire Alarm Systems 39 

Sec. 903. Wet Standpipes 40 

Sec. 904. Automatic Sprinkler Systems 40 

Sec. 905. Portable Fire Extinguishers 41 

Sec. 906. Automatic Sprinklers 41 

Sec. 907. Location of Equipment 42 

Sec. 908. Maintenance and Repair 42 

Sec. 909. Smoke Detection and Alarm Systems 42 

Sec. 910. Reserved 44 

Sec, 911. Single-Station Smoke Detector with Alarm Required 44 

Sec. 912. Self-Closing Doors 44 

Chapter 10 Substandard Buildings 45 

Sec. 1001. General 45 

Sec. 1002. Additional Substandard Conditions: Electrical Outlets, Elevators, and 

Illegal Conversion of Residential Hotels 46 



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Chapter 11 Final Completion and Occupancy 47 

Sec. 1101. Certificate of Final Completion 47 

Chapter 12 Residential Energy Conservation 49 

Sec. 1201. Title 49 

Sec. 1202. Findings 49 

Sec. 1203. Intent 49 

Sec. 1204. Definitions 49 

Sec. 1205. Energy Inspections 50 

Sec. 1206. Qualified Energy Inspectors 51 

Sec. 1207. Proof of Compliance with Minimum Energy Conservation Measures 51 

Sec. 1208. Exemptions and Postponement 52 

Sec. 1209. Limitation of Expenditure 52 

Sec. 1210. Energy Conservation Requirements Upon Major Improvement, Metering 

Conversion, Residential Condominium Conversion, or 

Complete Inspection 52 

Sec. 1211. Energy Inspection Requirement at Transfer of Title 53 

Sec. 1212. Required Energy Conservation Measures 54 

Sec. 1213. Appeal from Results of an Energy Inspection 55 

Sec. 1214. Amortization in Rental Property 55 

Sec. 1215. Civil Remedies 55 

Sec. 1216. Fees 56 

Sec. 1217. Rules 56 

Sec. 1218. Interim Rules 57 

Sec. 1219. Ordinance Review 57 

Sec. 1220. Severability 57 

Chapter 12A Residential Water Conservation 59 

Sec. 12A01. Title 59 

Sec. 12A02. Findings 59 

Sec. 12A03. Intent 59 

Sec. 12A04. Definitions , 59 

Sec. 12A05. Water Conservation Inspecfions 60 

Sec. 12A06. Proof of Compliance with Minimum Water Conservation Measures 60 

Sec. 12A07. Postponement of Requirements 60 

Sec. 12A08. Water Conservation Requirements Upon Major Improvement, Metering 
Conversion, Residential Condominium Conversion, or Complete Inspection 

60 

Sec. 12A09. Water Conservation Inspection Requirements at Transfer of Title 60 

Sec. 12A10. Required Water Conservation Measures 61 

Sec. 1 2A 1 1 . Residential Buildings (R- 1 and R-3 Occupancies) Except for Tourist Hotels 
and Motels Required to Comply With Water Conservation Requirements 

Withing Three Years 61 

Sec. 12A12. Appeal from Results of a Water Conservation Inspection 62 

Sec. 12A13. Civil Remedies 62 

Sec. 12A14. Severability 62 



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Chapter 13 Maintenance, Sanitation and Repair 63 

Sec. 1301. Painting 63 

Sec. 1302. Courts and Shafts 63 

Sec. 1303. Wallpaper 63 

Sec. 1304. Garbage Receptacles 63 

Sec. 1305. Garbage Receptacle Compartment 63 

Sec. 1306. Sanitation 64 

Sec. 1307. Deposit of Rubbish, etc 64 

Sec. 1308. Bedding 64 

Sec. 1309. Towels 64 

Sec. 1310. Dangerous Articles 64 

Sec. 1311. Caretaker 64 

San Francisco Housing Code Index I-l 



iv 1/01/2008 



2007 SAN FRANCISCO HOUSING CODE 



100-103 



CHAPTER 1 
TITLE AND SCOPE 



Sec. 100. Policy. 

Sec. 101. Title. 

Sec. 102. Purpose. 

Sec. 103. Scope. 

Sec. 104. Application to Existing Buildings and 

Structures. 

Sec. 105. Alternate Materials. 



SEC. 100. POLICY. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 1 1/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 256-07, App. 1 1/6/07] 

It is found and declared that there exist in the City 
and County of San Francisco substandard and 
unsanitary residential buildings and dwelling units 
whose physical conditions and characteristics render 
them unfit or unsafe for human occupancy and 
habitation, and which conditions and characteristics are 
such as to be detrimental to or jeopardize the health, 
safety and welfare of their occupants and of the public. 

It is further found and declared that there exist in 
the City and County of San Francisco residential 
buildings and dwelling units which were legally 
constructed according to standards now generally 
recognized to be obsolete and deficient in terms of 
current, modem housing standards for construction, 
use, occupancy, light and ventilation and sanitary 
facilities. The continued existence of these obsolete 
and deficient residential buildings and dwelling units is 
detrimental to or jeopardizes the health, safety and 
welfare of their occupants and of the public. 

It is fiirther found and declared that the existence 
of such substandard buildings by reason of being 
unsanitary, obsolete and deficient as dwelling units 
threatens the physical, social and economic stability of 
sound residential buildings and areas, and of their 
supporting neighborhood facilities and institutions; 
necessitates disproportionate expenditures of public 
funds for remedial action; impairs the efficient and 
economical exercise of governmental powers and 
functions; and destroys the amenity of residential areas 
and neighborhoods and of the community as a whole. 

For these reasons it is hereby declared to be the 
policy of the City and County of San Francisco: 



(1) That it is in the public interest of the 
people of San Francisco to protect and promote the 
existence of sound and wholesome residential 
buildings, dwelling units and neighborhoods by the 
adoption and enforcement of such standards, 
regulations and procedures as will remedy the existence 
or prevent the development or creation of dangerous, 
substandard, unsanitary or obsolete and deficient 
residential buildings and dwelling units. 

(2) That the adoption and enforcement of a 
Housing Code is a necessary municipal governmental 
fiinction in the interest of health, safety and welfare of 
the people of San Francisco. 



SEC. 101. TITLE. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 1 1/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 256-07, App. 1 1/6/07] 
This Code, known as the 2007 Housing Code, is a 
portion of the San Francisco Municipal Code, and is 
referred to herein as "this Code." 



SEC. 102. PURPOSE. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 11/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 256-07, App. 1 1/6/07] 
The purpose of this Code is to provide for the 
maintenance of the minimum requirements for the 
protection of life, limb, health, property, safety and 
welfare of the general public and the owners and 
occupants of residential buildings in San Francisco. In 
case of any conflict between the provisions of this 
Code and other provisions of the Municipal Code, the 
most restrictive shall govern except as set forth in 
Section 104(a). 



SEC. 103. SCOPE. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 1 1/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 350-95, App. 1 1/3/95; 
Ord. 256-07, App. 11/6/07] 

The provisions of this Code shall apply to all 
existing buildings or portions thereof used, designed or 
intended for residential use, except that said provisions 



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103-103 



2007 SAN FRANCISCO HOUSING CODE 



shall apply to homeless shelters only to the extent 
provided by subsection (7) below. Buildings in 
existence at the time of the passage of this Code may 
have their existing use or occupancy continued, if such 
use or occupancy was legal at the time of the passage 
of this Code, provided the building construction met 
the code requirements in effect at the time of 
construction and alteration, and such continued use is 
not dangerous to life and is not substandard, or that 
such use or occupancy does not now need additional 
Code requirements applied by adoption of a retroactive 
provision such as those referenced in Section 206 of 
this Code. All buildings and structures, both existing 
and new, and all parts thereof, shall be maintained in a 
safe and sanitary condition. All devices or safeguards 
which are required by this Code shall be maintained in 
conformance with the Code edition under which 
installed, unless otherwise required by the Building 
Code or other adopted ordinance applied retroactively. 
The owner or the owner's designated agent shall be 
responsible for the maintenance of the buildings and 
structures. 

Wherever used in this Code, the terms "residential 
use," "dwelling," "hotel" and "apartment house" shall 
be considered to include the additional terms as 
follows: 

"Dwelling" shall include lodging houses, nursing 
homes for not more than five persons, and the other 
occupancies referred to in Section 310 of the Building 
Code. 

"Apartment house" or "hotel" shall include 
dormitories designed for more than five persons and 
occupancies referred to in Section 310 of the Building 
Code. Such occupancies in existing buildings may be 
continued except when such structures are found to be 
substandard as defined in this Code. 

( 1 ) Any building or structure not erected as 
an apartment house, hotel or dwelling, which is 
converted to or altered for such use, shall conform to 
all the provisions of the Building Code for such use. 

(2) In any building erected as a combined 
apartment house and hotel, or any building altered or 
converted into a combined apartment house and hotel, 
every portion thereof used for apartment house 
purposes, including each apartment, shall comply with 
all apartment house requirements of the Building Code 
or this Code; and every portion thereof used for hotel 



purposes, including each guest room, guest room suite, 
and dormitory shall comply with all the hotel 
requirements of the Building Code or this Code, 

(3) It is unlawful to increase the percentage 
of the lot occupied or in any manner, whether by sale, 
conve)^ance or otherwise, to diminish the required size 
of yards, courts, passageways, shafts, windows or 
skylights, or to remove any required sanitary facility, 
fire protection equipment, device, safeguard, 
installation, stairway or fire escape, or to obstruct the 
egress from any building or from the hallways, 
passageways or stairways. 

(4) If it is reconstructed, any building which 
has been damaged by fire or the elements shall conform 
to all applicable provisions of the Building Code. 

(5) Except as otherwise specifically 
provided in this Code, all applicable provisions of the 
San Francisco Municipal Code shall be complied with 
in the construction, alteration or repair of residential 
buildings. 

(6) It is further provided that the Director of 
the Department of Building Inspection may adopt and 
promulgate rules and regulations supplemental to this 
Code and not in conflict therewith, provided they are 
the most generally accepted or approved methods and 
practices for public welfare and safety of life and 
property. Such rules and regulations shall be subject to 
reexan:iination and change if at any time such rules and 
regulations are found by any enforcement agency not to 
be in conformance with the intent or requirements of 
the Municipal Code. 

(7) Notwithstanding Section 206 or any 
other provision of this Code, use of any building or 
portion thereof by an organization exempt from federal 
income tax under Internal Revenue Code Sections 
501(c)(3) or 501(d), as approved by an authorized 
government agency, to shelter otherwise homeless 
persons, or construction, alteration or repair of any 
building to initiate, expand or continue such a shelter, 
shall be subject to only those provisions of this Code 
which are determined by the Director of the 
Department of Building Inspection pursuant to an 
administrative bulletin to be published by him, after 
consuhation with the Building Inspection Commission 
and the Fire Department, to be necessary or appropriate 
to prevent the building fi-om being or becoming a 
nuisance as defined in this Code. Any provision waived 



1/01/2008 



2007 SAN FRANCISCO HOUSING CODE 1 03 - 1 05 



by said bulletin shall be applied when homeless shelter 
use ceases, and may be applied when homeless shelter 
use is reduced. 

(8) Rooming houses, congregate residences 
or lodging houses shall comply with all requirements of 
this Code for dwellings. 



SEC. 104. APPLICATION TO EXISTING 
BUILDINGS AND STRUCTURES. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 11/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 350-95, App. 1 1/3/95; 
Ord. 256-07, App. 1 1/6/07] 

(a) Existing Buildings. All buildings erected 
after July 26, 1958 shall comply either with the codes 
in effect at the time of construction or the present 
Building, Electrical and Plumbing Codes at the 
discretion of the owner. 

All buildings altered or converted prior to July 26, 
1958 which do not conform to the codes in effect at the 
time of the alteration or conversion and the provisions 
of this Code shall be reconverted back to the original 
approved state and brought into compliance with the 
retroactive requirements applicable to the original 
structure, or conform to all the applicable requirements 
outlined in the present codes. 

Pursuant to Section 102 of this Code regarding the 
maintenance of all buildings constructed, altered or 
converted to Group R, Division 1 and 3 occupancy 
prior to January 1, 1984, said buildings shall comply 
with the 1979 San Francisco Building Code. Pursuant 
to Section 102 of this Code regarding the maintenance 
of all buildings constructed, altered or converted to 
Group R, Division 1, 2, and 3 occupancy after January 
1 , 1 984, said buildings shall comply with the codes that 
are in effect at that time. 

(b) Relocation. Buildings or structures moved 
into or within this jurisdiction shall comply with the 
requirements in the Building Code for new buildings 
and structures. 



SEC. 105. ALTERNATE MATERIALS. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 11/6/89; amended by 

Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 256-07, App. 1 1/6/07] 

See Section 104A.1 1 of the Building Code. 



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[This page intentionally left blank] 



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2007 SAN FRANCISCO HOUSING CODE 



201-201 



CHAPTER 2 
ENFORCEMENT 



Sec. 201. General. 

Sec. 202. Reserved. 

Sec. 203. Housing Advisory and Appeals Board. 

Sec. 204. Violations. 

Sec. 205. Posted Notices, Interference With. 

Sec. 206. Retroactive Provisions. 

Sec. 207. Assuming Responsibility for the Mobile 
Homes Park Act. 



SEC. 201. GENERAL. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 1 1/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 350-95, App. 1 1/3/95; 
Ord. 256-07, App. 11/6/07] 

(a) Authority. The Director of the Department of 
Building Inspection shall administer and enforce all of 
the provisions of this Code. The Director is hereby 
designated as the authorized representative of the 
Building Inspection Commission in such enforcement. 
The Director is hereby authorized to call upon the 
Director of City Planning, the Director of Public 
Health, the Chief of the Fire Department, the Chief of 
Police and all other City officers, employees, 
departments and bureaus to aid and assist him in such 
enforcement, and it shall then be their duty to enforce 
the provisions of this Code and to perform such duties 
as may come within their respective jurisdictions. " 

Upon completion of an inspection of a structure or 
portion of a structure, the owner or occupant thereof 
shall be furnished by the Department of Building 
Inspection with a standard form which clearly and 
simply indicates the violations found and the sections 
of this Code which are not complied with. Copies of all 
forms used to enforce this code shall be furnished the 
Clerk of the Board of Supervisors, to be held on file 
with the Board of Supervisors. 

(b) Right of Entry. Upon showing proper 
credentials, which shall include a statement apprising 
an owner or occupant of his rights and obligations, 
authorized employees of City departments, when 
necessary for the performance of their duties, shall 
have the right to enter at reasonable times any new or 
unoccupied building and any building under 
construction, repair, alteration or removal and any other 



building when there is reasonable ground for believing 
said building or any part there of to be illegal, unsafe or 
a menace to life or limb; or in making their routine 
inspections as required under the License Code. 

The procedures provided by the general laws of 
the State of California, presently codified as Sections 
1822.50 to 1822.57, inclusive, of the Code of Civil 
Procedure, shall govern the issuance, execution and 
enforcement of an inspection warrant in the event the 
owner or occupant of a building refuses to permit an 
inspection thereof by an authorized employee of a City 
department. 

(c) Reserved. 

(d) Order of Vacation. The Director of the 
Department of Building Inspection shall give written 
notification of any order to vacate to the Chief of 
Police who shall thereupon cause the same to be 
executed and enforced. 

(e) Abatement. For abatement procedures, see 
Chapter lA of the Building Code. 

(f) Designation of Code Enforcement Areas. 
Whenever it is found to be in the interests of the people 
of San Francisco to engage in concentrated code 
enforcement on an area-wide basis, the following 
procedure shall be followed: 

(1) The area to be designated for code 
enforcement activity shall be selected by the Director 
of the Department of City Planning and recommended 
to the Chief Administrative Officer. 

(2) The Chief Administrative Officer, if that 
person approves said area as being acceptable for 
concentrated code enforcement, shall submit same to 
the Board of Supervisors requesting the Board to 
designate the area for concentrated code enforcement. 

(3) Upon the Board of Supervisors 
designating the area and unless Federal or State funds 
are to be utilized which would necessitate filing an 
application for same, the Department of Building 
Inspection shall commence the inspection of every 
building and structure in the designated area to 
determine the condition of the buildings and to bring 
about compliance with the applicable codes. 

(4) In the event the Federal government or 
the State government is involved in the financial 



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2007 SAN FRANCISCO HOUSING CODE 



assistance or funding of the program the first action by 
the Board will be to approve the filing of an application 
to the Federal or State agency for funding or assistance. 
Upon approval of the application by the Federal or 
State agency, the final contractual arrangements 
between that agency and the City shall require the 
approval by the Board of Supervisors. 



SEC. 202. RESERVED. 



SEC. 203. HOUSING ADVISORY AND 
APPEALS BOARD. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 11/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 256-07, App. 1 1/6/07] 
(a) General. Abatement Appeals Board. See 
Section 105A.2 of the Building Code. 



SEC. 204. VIOLATIONS. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 1 1/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 123-93, App. 4/29/93; 
Ord. 355-93, App. 11/12/93; Ord. 350-95, App. 
1 1/3/95; Ord. 382-96, App. 10/3/96; Ord. 41 8-97, App. 
10/3 1/97; Ord. 256-07, App. 1 1/6/07] 

(a) Criminal Penalty for Violation; Citations. 
(1) Any person or entity who violates, 
disobeys, omits, fails, neglects or refuses to comply 
with, or who resists or opposes the execution of any of 
the provisions of this Code, or any notice or order of 
the Director of the Department of Building Inspection 
made pursuant to this Code, relating to fire safety, the 
provision of heat or hot water, or the existence of 
conditions that endanger the life, limb, health or safety 
of any person or the public may be charged with a 
misdemeanor pursuant to Section 204(b). The penalty 
upon conviction thereof shall be a fine of not less than 
$500 or more than $1,000, or imprisonment, no part of 
which may be suspended. A person convicted of 
violating this Code shall be deemed guilty of a separate 
offense for every day such violation, disobedience, 
omission, failure, neglect or refusal shall continue. Any 
person who shall do any work in violation of any of the 
provisions of this Code, or any order of the Director of 
the Department of Building Inspection made pursuant 
to this Code, and any person having charge of such 



work who shall permit it to be done, shall be liable for 
the penalty provided. 

(2) Any person or entity who violates, 
disobeys, omits, fails, neglects or refuses to comply 
with any provision of this Code, or any notice or order 
of the Director of the Department of Building 
Inspection made pursuant to this Code which is not 
chargeable under Section 204(a)(1) may be charged 
with an infraction, and a citation may be issued 
pursuant to Section 204(b). Pursuant to California 
Government Code Section 36900 and 36901, the fine 
for infractions shall be as follows: 

(i) A fine not exceeding $100 for the 
initial violation; 

(ii) A fine not exceeding $200 for the 
second violation of the same section of the Code within 
one year of the first violation; 

(iii) A fine not exceeding $500 for each 
additional violation of the same section of the Code 
within one year of the first violation. 

(b) Department Members as Public Officers. 
In the performance of their duties of monitoring and 
enforcing compliance with the provisions of this Code, 
all persons authorized by the Housing Inspection 
Division of the Department of Building Inspection to 
conduct on-site inspections shall have the power, 
authority and immunity of a public officer and 
employee as set forth in California Penal Code Section 
836.5, to make arrests without a warrant whenever such 
emploj/ees have reasonable cause to believe that a 
violation of this Code has taken place in their presence; 
provided, however, that no such arrest shall be made 
until the time period for compliance provided in the 
initial notice of violation has expired. In any case in 
which a person is arrested pursuant to this authority 
and the person arrested does not demand to be taken 
before a magistrate, the public officer or employee 
making the arrest shall prepare a written notice to 
appear and shall release the person on their promise to 
appear as prescribed by Chapter 5C (commencing with 
Section 853.6) of the California Penal Code. 

The Director of the Department of Building 
Inspection, in coordination with the Chief of Police, 
shall establish and cause to be administered an 
enforcement training program designed to instruct each 
employee so authorized by this Section to exercise 
arrest and citation authority. Such training shall include 



1/01/2008 



2007 SAN FRANCISCO HOUSING CODE 



204 - 204 



guidance and instruction regarding tiie evidentiary 
prerequisites to proper prosecution of violations 
thereof; the appropriate procedures for making arrests 
or otherwise prudently exercising such arrest and 
citation authority; and the legal and practical 
ramifications and limitations relevant to exercising 
enforcement authority. 

(c) Presumption of Noncompliance with 
Order; Civil Penalty for Violation of Code. 

( 1 ) Notwithstanding any other provision of 
this Code, any person or entity served, in any manner 
permitted for service of process under the provisions of 
the Code of Civil Procedure, with a notice or order by 
the Director of the Department of Building Inspection 
setting forth the nature of the violation of this Code, 
demanding correction of such violation, and specifying 
the time within which such violation must be corrected, 
shall be presumed, in civil proceedings, to have failed 
to comply with said notice or order at and after the time 
given in said notice or order for correction of such 
violation has expired without correction of said 
violation. 

(2) Any person or entity violating this Code 
shall be liable for a civil penalty of up to $1,000 for 
each day such violation is committed or permitted to 
continue, which penalty shall be assessed and 
recovered in a civil action brought in the name of the 
people of the City and County of San Francisco by the 
City Attorney in any court of competent jurisdiction. 
There shall be no more than one violation per building 
per day. In assessing the amount of the civil penalty, 
the court shall consider any one or more of the relevant 
circumstances presented by any of the parties to the 
case, but not limited to, the following: the nature and 
seriousness of the misconduct, the number of 
violations, the persistence of the misconduct, the length 
of time over which the misconduct occurred, the 
willfulness of the defendant's misconduct, and the 
defendant's asset's, liabilities and net worth. Any 
penalty assessed and recovered in an action brought 
pursuant to this paragraph shall be paid to the City 
Treasurer and credited to the Department of Building 
Inspection's Special Fund. 

(3) The remedies in this Section are in 
addition to any other remedies provided by law. No 
provision in this Section shall preclude prosecution of 
actions for civil criminal penalties concurrently, 
sequentially or individually. 



(d) Civil Remedies for Violation of Section 
503(d). In addition to the penalties specified in 
Subsection (a) of this Section, Section 503(d) of this 
Code may also be enforced by a civil action authorized 
under this subsection. 

(1) Any aggrieved person may enforce 
Section 503(d) of this Code by means of a civil action. 

(2) Any person who violates Section 503(d) 
of this Code or who aids in the violation of Section 
503(d) of this Code shall be liable for three times the 
amount of special and general damages, or three times 
the amount of one month's rent that the landlord 
charges for the unit in question. The court may award 
in addition thereto, not less than $200 but not more 
than $400, together with punitive damages. The 
interested party instituting a civil proceeding, or the 
City suing to enforce Section 503(d), if prevailing 
parties, shall be entitled to the costs of enforcing 
Section 503(d), including reasonable attorney's fees, 
pursuant to a court order. 

(3 ) Any person who comm its, or proposes to 
commit, an action in violation of Section 503(d) may 
be enjoined therefrom by any court of competent 
jurisdiction. 

(4) Any action under this subsection may be 
brought by any aggrieved person, by the District 
Attorney, by the City Attorney, or be any interested 
party on behalf of the aggrieved person. 

(5) Any action brought under this subsection 
shall be filed within one year of the alleged violation. 

(e) Special Assessment Lien to Recover Fees 
or Costs, Any person, the owner or their authorized 
agent, who violates, disobeys, omits, neglects, or 
refuses to comply with, or who resists or opposes the 
execution of any order of the provisions of this Code or 
any order of the Director of the Department of Building 
Inspection made pursuant to this Code, will be subject 
to the placement of a special assessment lien in the 
amount of the fee owed or delinquent, plus accrued 
interest, against the real property regulated under this 
chapter, for failure to pay items, including but not 
limited to: (1) required annual apartment/hotel license 
fees per Section 302 of this Code; (2) reinspection fees; 
and, (3) assessment of costs, pursuant to Sections 
102A, 108A and 11 OA of the San Francisco Building 
Code. 

(f) Annual Report to Board of Supervisors. 
(1) Six months from the effective date of 

this ordinance, the Director of the Department of 



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2007 SAN FRANCISCO HOUSING CODE 



Building Inspection shall provide the Board of 
Supervisors with information on the implementation of 
this Section. 

(2) Each annual report of the Department of 
Building Inspection transmitted to the Board of 
Supervisors shall contain a statistical report detailing 
the number of citations issued during the preceding 
year, correlated with a general description of the types 
of violations for which they were issued. 

(g) Partial Appropriation of Fines Collected. 
Up to 25 percent of the monies collected pursuant to 
Section 204(a), other than monies mandated by State 
law to be appropriated for specific purposes, shall be 
deposited directly to the Department of Building 
Inspection's Special Fund to partially offset the costs 
incurred by the Department of Building Inspection in 
issuing citations pursuant to this Section. 



SEC. 205. POSTED NOTICES, 
INTERFERENCE WITH. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 1 1/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 350-95, App. 1 1/3/95; 
Ord. 256-07, App. 11/6/07] 

It shall be unlawful for any person to interfere 
with the posting of any notice provided for in this 
Code, or to tear down or mutilate any such notice so 
posted in or upon any building or premises by the 
Department of Building Inspection, or any other 
interested department or bureau. 



SEC. 206. RETROACTIVE PROVISIONS. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 11/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 381-90, App. 10/24/90; Ord. 160-92, App. 6/4/92; 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 350-95, App. 1 1/3/95; 
Ord. 256-07, App. 11/6/07] 

The sections and subsections listed herein are 
retroactive and shall apply to and include existing 
buildings as defined in Section 401 of this Code: 
351 to 353 inclusive: 

Section 351. Report of Residential Building 

Record Required 
Section 352. Application for Report of 

Residential Building Record 
Section 353. Inspection of Residential 
Building and Fee Therefor 



501 to 505 inclusive: 

Section 501. Space and Occupancy 

Standards, General 
Section 502. Yards and Courts 
Section 503. Room Dimensions 
Section 504. Light and Ventilation 
Section 505. Sanitation 

601 to 603 inclusive: 

Section 601. Construction, Existing 
Apartment Houses and Hotels 
Section 602. Foundation Ventilation 
Section 603. Garages 

701 to 707 inclusive: 

Section 701. Heating and Ventilation 
Section 702. Fire Protective Devices and 

Facilities 
Section 703. Weather Protection 
Section 704. Roof Decks and Drying 

Platforms 
Section 705. Security; Purpose 
Section 706. Security; Standards 
Section 707. Garbage Receptacle 
Compartments 

709 to 712 inclusive: 

Section 709, Prohibited Uses 
Section 710. Paints or Volatile Liquids 
Section 711. Machine Shop, etc. 
Section 712. Identification of Utility Shutoff 
Devices 

801 to 803 inclusive: 

Section 801 . Exits, Stairs and Occupant Load 
Section 802. Stairways and Exit Corridors 
Section 803. Basement Stairways 

805 to 808 inclusive: 

Section 805. Stairway to Roof 
Section 806. Stairway Enclosures 
Section 807. Smoke Barriers 
Section 808. Elevator Enclosures 

901 to 912 inclusive: 

Section 901. Fire Alarms 
Section 902. Fire Alarm Systems 
Section 903. Wet Standpipes 
Section 904. Automatic Sprinkler System 
Section 905. Portable Fire Extinguishers 
Section 906. Automatic Sprinklers 
Section 907. Location of Equipment 
Section 908. Maintenance and Repair 
Section 909. Smoke Detection and Alarm 
Systems 



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206 - 206 



Section 910. Heat Detectors 

Section 911. Single-Station Smoke Detector 

with Alarm Required 
Section 912. Self-Closing Doors 
1001: Section 1001. Substandard Buildings, 

Definitions 
1 102: Section 1 102. Apartment House/Hotel 

License 
1103: Section 1103. Records 
1201 to 1212 inclusive: 

Section 1201. Residential Energy 

Conservation, Title 
Section 1202. Findings 
Section 1203. Intent 
Section 1204. Definitions 
Section 1205. Energy Inspections 
Section 1206. Qualified Energy Inspectors 
Section 1207. Proof of Compliance with 
Minimum Energy Conservation 
Measures 
Section 1 208, Exemptions and Postponement 
Section 1209. Limitation of Expenditure 
Section 1210. Energy Conservation 
Requirements Upon Major 
Improvement, etc. 
Section 1211. Energy Inspection Requirement 

at Transfer of Title 
Section 1 2 1 2 . Required Energy Conservation 
Measures 
1214 to 1219 inclusive: 

Section 1214. Amortization in Rental 

Property 
Section 1215. Civil Remedies 
Section 1216. Fees 
Section 1217. Rules 
Section 1218. Interim Rules 
Section 1219. Ordinance Review 
12A01 to 12A 14 inclusive: 
Section 12A1. Title 
Section 12A02. Findings 
Section 12A03. Intent 
Section 12A04. Definitions 
Section 12 A05. Water Conservation 

Inspections 
Section 12A06. Proof of Compliance with 

Minimum Water Conservation Measures 
Section 12A07. Postponement of 
Requirements 



Section 12A08. Water Conservation 

Inspection Requirements Upon Major 
Improvements, etc. 
Section 12A09. Water Conservation 

Inspection Requirements at Transfer of 
Title 
Section 12A10. Required Water Conservation 

Measures 
Section 12A1 1. Residential Buildings (R-1 

and R-3 Occupancies), etc. 
Section 12A12. Appeal from Results of a 

Water Conservation Inspection 
Section 12A13. Civil Remedies 
Section 12A14. Severability 
1301 to 1311 inclusive: 
Section 1301. Painting 
Section 1302. Courts and Shafts 
Section 1303. Wallpaper 
Section 1304. Garbage Receptacles 
Section 1305. Garbage Receptacle 

Compartment 
Section 1306. Sanitation 
Section 1307. Deposit of Rubbish, etc. 
Section 1308. Bedding 
Section 1309. Towels 
Section 1310. Dangerous Articles 
Section 1311. Caretaker 
Exceptions to the provisions of Sections 904(a)(2) 
and 91 1 of this Code may be made with respect to any 
Qualified Historical Building or Structure (as defined 
in California Code of Regulations, Title 24, Part 2, 
Section 218). For such buildings and structures, the 
Director and the Bureau of Fire Prevention and Public 
Safety may provide for a suitable system of fire 
prevention and life safety as an alternative to the 
provisions of Sections 904(a)(2) and 911. 

For purposes of Sections 904(a)(2), 91 1 and 912, 
an "existing hotel" shall be deemed to be any hotel as 
to which a building permit application for construction 
of the hotel was approved as of the date of the adoption 
of the ordinance which adds Sections 904(a)(2) and 
912 to this Code. All such existing hotels shall be 
conformed to the requirements of Sections 904(a)(2), 
911 and 912 within three years Irom the date of the 
adoption of the ordinance which adds Sections 
904(a)(2), 911 and 912 to this Code. As to such 
existing hotels only, the period for compliance with the 
requirements of Sections 904(a)(2), 91 1 and 912 may 



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2007 SAN FRANCISCO HOUSING CODE 



be extended upon showing of good cause for such 
extension if a systematic and progressive plan of 
compliance is submitted to the Director and to the 
Bureau of Fire Prevention and Public Safety. Such 
extension shall not exceed two years from the date of 
approval of such plan, and any plan of compliance 
submitted pursuant to this subdivision shall be 
submitted and approved within three years from the 
date of the adoption of the ordinance which adds 
Sections 904(a)(2) and 912 to this Code. 



SEC. 207. ASSUMING RESPONSIBILITY FOR 
THE MOBILE HOMES PARK ACT. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 11/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 350-95, App. 1 1/3/95; 
Ord. 256-07, App. 1 1/6/07] 

The City and County of San Francisco hereby 
assumes responsibility for the enforcement of the 
Health and Safety Code, Division 13, Part 2.1 (Mobile 
Homes Park Act) and related regulations of Title 25, 
California Code of Regulations within the City and 
County of San Francisco. 

The Department of Building Inspection is hereby 
designated as the enforcing agency. 

The fees as required to be charged by Chapter 5, 
Title 25, California Administrative Code shall be those 
collected by the City and County of San Francisco for 
the enforcement of such regulations. 

The effective date of enforcement by the City and 
County of San Francisco shall be November 1, 1977. 



10 



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301-303 



CHAPTERS 
PERMITS AND INSPECTIONS 



Sec. 301. General. 
Sec. 302. Fees. 
Sec. 303. Inspection. 



SEC. 301. GENERAL. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 1 1/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 256-07, App. 11/6/07] 
For permits to do any work, see Section 106A of 
the Building Code. 



SEC. 302. FEES. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 1 1/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 129-93, App. 5/7/93; 
Ord. 350-95, App. 11/3/95; Ord. 382-96, App. 10/3/96; 
Ord. 256-07, App. 1 1/6/07] 

(a) Apartment House License Fees. Every 
individual entity which owns or operates an apartment 
house, including a residential condominium, as defined 
by Section 40 1 of this Code, shall pay an annual license 
fee. The Tax Collector shall bill the annual Apartment 
House License Fee as a special assessment lien on the 
property tax bill mailed to all owners and operators of 
apartment houses, as defined by this Code. All laws 
pertaining to the collection and enforcement of ad 
valorem property taxes, including the date such fees are 
due and payable, shall apply to the collection and 
enforcement of the Apartment House License Fee. 

The license fee will be used to defray the cost of 
health and safety inspection and regulation of the 
apartment houses by the Department of Building 
Inspection. This inspection will be made by the 
Department of Building Inspection on a periodic basis 
as determined by the Director of the Department of 
Building Inspection. However an inspection shall be 
made not less than once every five years. Additional 
inspections within any year may be required, including 
responding to occupant complaints. See Building Code, 
Chapter lA, Schedule lA-P. (Apartment House 
License Fee Schedule) for the applicable fees. 

(b) Hotel License Fees. Every individual entity 
which owns or operates a hotel, shall pay an annual 



license fee. The Tax Collector shall bill the annual 
Hotel License Fee as a special assessment lien on the 
property tax bill mailed to all owners and operators of 
hotels, as defined by this Code. All laws pertaining to 
the collection and enforcement of ad valorem property 
taxes, including the date such fees are due and payable, 
shall apply to the collection and enforcement of the 
Hotel License Fee. 

The license fee will be used to defray the cost of 
health and safety inspection and regulation of the hotels 
by the Department of Building Inspection. This 
inspection will be made by the Department of Building 
Inspection on a periodic basis as determined by the 
Director of the Department of Building Inspection. 
However an inspection shall be made not less than 
every five years. Additional inspections within any year 
may be required including responding to occupant 
complaints. See Building Code, Chapter 1 A, Schedule 
1 A-P. (Hotel License Fee Schedule) for the applicable 
fees. 

(c) Responsibility for Payment of Fee. Only 
one license fee is required to be paid per apartment or 
hotel subject to this Section, consistent with the 
timelines established herein. In the event that more than 
one entity receives notice of the obligation for the fee, 
responsibility for payment of the fee in its entirety is a 
matter to be resolved by the individual entities. 

(d) Special Assessment Lien. Any person or 
entity, which fails to pay the required license fees as 
described in this Section will be subject to the 
placement of a special assessment lien in the amount of 
the fee owed or delinquent, plus accrued interest, 
against the real property regulated under this chapter 
pursuant to the procedure set forth in Chapter 10, 
Article XX of the San Francisco Administrative Code. 



SEC. 303. INSPECTION. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 1 1/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 350-95, App. 1 1/3/95; 
Ord. 256-07, App. 11/6/07] 

(a) Inspection by City. Routine Inspections. 
All apartment houses and hotels shall be subject to 



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303-303 



2007 SAN FRANCISCO HOUSING CODE 



periodic health and safety inspections within the time 
frames specified by Section 302 of this code. These 
inspections shall be performed throughout the common 
areas of the building including but not limited to 
building lobbies, exit corridors, balconies, common 
hallways, exit stairs, courtyards, lightwells, garages, 
garbage rooms or area, boiler rooms, laundry rooms, 
utility rooms housing electrical or gas service, storage 
rooms/areas, basements, maids closets, common linen 
closets, community kitchens, common bathrooms, roof 
areas, the habitable room housing a temperature- 
sensing device as required by Section701(c) of this 
code, or any other portion of the building used for, or 
intended for residential use, or accessory to residential 
use. 

Inspections may be performed throughout 
dwelling units, guest rooms, guest room suites, or 
portion of a building used for or intended for 
residential use, or accessory to residential use, upon 
receipt of occupant complaints, or if the Director of the 
Department of Building Inspection with reasonable 
discretion finds that such an inspection is necessary to 
determine if an unsafe or substandard condition exists 
as defined by this code. 

(b) Inspection and Entry by Owner. The 
owner, or the authorized agent of any owner of any 
building or premises may enter, during normal business 
hours, the building or premises whenever necessary to 
carry out any instructions or perform any work required 
to be done by this Code, pursuant to California Civil 
Code Section 1954. 



12 



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351-351 



CHAPTER 3.5 
REPORT OF RESIDENTIAL BUILDING RECORD 



Sec. 351. Report. 
Sec. 352. Application. 

Sec. 353. Inspection of Residential Building and Fee 
Therefor. 



SEC. 351. REPORT. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 1 1/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 165-95, App. 5/19/95; 
Ord. 350-95, app. 1 1/3/95; Ord. 256-07, App. 1 1/6/07] 

(a) Report of Residential Building Record 
Required. Prior to the sale or exchange of any 
residential building, except the first sale or exchange, 
if this occurs within one year of the date of the 
Certificate of Final Completion of the construction of 
the building, the owner thereof, or their authorized 
agent, shall obtain from the Department of Building 
Inspection, a Report of Residential Building Record. 
Said report shall set forth the existing authorized 
occupancy or use of said residential building and the 
other information prescribed in Section 351(c) herein 
below. 

Such Report of Residential Building Record shall 
be delivered by the owner, or the authorized agent of 
said owner, to the buyer or transferee of said residential 
building prior to the consummation of the sale or 
exchange thereof, and the buyer shall file with the 
Department of Building Inspection, a receipt therefor, 
on a form furnished by said Department, 

It shall be unlawful for the owner of such 
residential building to sell or exchange same without 
first having obtained and delivered to the buyer the 
Report of Residential Building Record herein provided 
for. 

In addition to the foregoing, any person licensed 
by the State of California to sell property shall provide 
upon request, to any prospective buyer a copy of the 
Report of Residential Building Record issued in the 
manner herein above required for any residential 
property which the real estate broker has listed for sale. 

(b) Residential Building Defined. A residential 
building, as used in this chapter, is a building or a 
portion thereof containing one or more dwelling units 



but not including hotels containing 30 or more guest 
rooms, or motels. 

(c) Contents of Report of Residential Building 
Record. The Department of Building Inspection shall, 
upon application in the manner hereinafter provided, 
issue a Report of Residential Building Record to the 
owner which shall contain, in respect to said residential 
building, the following information, insofar as 
ascertainable from City records: 

(1) (a) Present authorized occupancy or 
use. 

(b) Is this building classified as a 
residential condominium? 

Yes ^No 

(c) Does this building contain any 
Residential Hotel Guest Rooms as defined in Chapter 
41, San Francisco Administrative Code? 

Yes ^No 

(2) Zoning district in which located. 

(3) Building Code Occupancy 
Classification. 

(4) Do records of the Planning Department 
reveal an expiration date for any nonconforming use of 
this property? 

Yes ^No 

If yes, what date? 



(5) Building construction date. 

(6) Original occupancy or use. 

(7) Construction, conversion, or alteration 
permits issued, if any. 

(8) (a) Is there an active Franchise Tax 
Board Referral on file? 

Yes ^No 

(b) Is this property currently under 
abatement proceedings for code violations? 

Yes ^No 

(9) Number of residential structures on 
property. 

(10) (a) Has an energy inspection been 
completed? 

Yes ^No 

(b) If yes, has a proof of compliance 



been issued? 



Yes 



No 



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351-353 



2007 SAN FRANCISCO HOUSING CODE 



On the face of the report shall appear the 
following note in bold 10-point type: 

Beware. This report describes the current 
legal use of this property as compiled from 
records of City Departments. There has been 
no physical examination of the property 
itself. This record contains no history of any 
plumbing or electrical permits. The report 
makes no representation that the property is 
in compliance with the law. Any occupancy 
or use of the property other than that listed as 
authorized in this report may be illegal and 
subject to removal or abatement, and should 
be reviewed with the Planning Department 
and the Department of Building Inspection. 
Errors or omissions in this report shall not 
bind or stop the City from enforcing any and 
all building and zoning codes against the 
seller, buyer and any subsequent owner. The 
preparation or delivery of this report shall not 
impose any liability on the City for any errors 
or omissions contained in said report, nor 
shall the City bear any liability not otherwise 
imposed by law. 



SEC. 352. APPLICATION. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 1 1/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 350-95, App. 1 1/3/95; 
Ord. 256-07, App. 1 1/6/07] 

(a) Application for Report of Residential 
Building Record. Any owner, or their authorized agent 
required by Section 351 herein above to obtain a 
Report of Residential Building Record, shall make 
written application therefor to the Department of 
Building Inspection, on forms provided by the said 
department, and such application shall contain the 
following information: 

( 1 ) Name and address of owner. 

(2) Name and address of applicant if other 
than owner. 

(3) Location of existing residential building 
for which the report is sought. 



(b) Expiration Date of Report of Residential 
Building Record. Any Report of Residential Building 
Record issued pursuant to the provisions of this chapter 
shall be effective for a period of one year from the date 
of issuance, and shall contain therein the dates of 
issuance and expiration. 

(c) Report of Residential Record. The fee for 
supplying a Report of Residential Building Record 
shall be payable in advance to the Central Permit 
Bureau. See Building Code Chapter lA, Schedule 
1A-G.5 (Report of Residential Building Records) for 
applicable fees. 



SEC. 353. INSPECTION OF RESIDENTIAL 
BUILDING AND FEE THEREFOR. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 1 1/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 350-95, App. 1 1/3/95; 
Ord. 256-07, App. 1 1/6/07] 

If the owner or the owner's agent desires a 
physical inspection of the property, the Department 
shall make an inspection of the property and shall 
furnish to the owner or the owner's agent a list of the 
violations, if any, of the law disclosed by the 
inspection. Fees for this service are payable in advance 
at the Central Permit Bureau. See Building Code 
Chapter lA, Schedule 1A-G.7 (Survey of Residential 
Building) for the applicable fee. 



14 



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2007 SAN FRANCISCO HOUSING CODE 



400-401 



CHAPTER 4 
DEFINITIONS 



Sec. 400. 
Sec. 401. 



General. 
Definitions. 



SEC. 400. GENERAL. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 11/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 350-95, App. 1 1/3/95; 
Ord. 256-07, App. 11/6/07] 

(a) General. For the purposes of this Code, 
certain words and terms used herein are defined as set 
forth in this and the following sections of this chapter. 
Where terms are not defined, they shall have their 
ordinary accepted meanings within the context with 
which they are used. Webster's Third New 
International Dictionary of the English Language, 
Unabridged, latest edition, shall be considered as 
providing ordinary accepted meanings. All words used 
in the present tense shall include the future. All words 
in the plural number shall include the singular and all 
words in the singular number shall include the plural 
unless the natural construction of the wording indicated 
otherwise. The word "shall" is mandatory and not 
permissive. For definitions not indicated herein, see 
Chapter 2 of the Building Code. 

(b) Administrative. Whenever any one of the 
following terms is used it shall mean the corresponding 
officer, department, board or commission, or agency or 
authority of the City and County of San Francisco, 
State of California, hereinafter referred to as the 
"City": Board of Supervisors, Department of Building 
Inspection, Police Department and Fire Department. In 
each case the term shall be deemed to include an 
employee of any such office or department of the City 
who is lawfully authorized to perform any duty or 
exercise any power as their or its representative or 
agent. 

Whenever the words "dwelling," "dwelling unit," 
"apartment," "apartment house," "hotel," "guest room," 
"guest room suite," "premises" or "building" are used 
in this Code, they shall be construed as though they 
were followed by the words "or any portion thereof" 

APPROVED. "Approved," when used in 
connection with any material, type of construction or 
appliance means meeting the approval of the Director 



as a result of investigation and tests conducted by an 
approved agency, or by reason of accepted principles or 
tests by national authorities, technical, health or 
scientific organizations or agencies. 

APPROVED AGENCY. "Approved agency" 
means an established and recognized agency regularly 
engaged in conducting tests or furnishing inspection 
services, and approved by the Director. 



SEC. 401. DEFINITIONS. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 1 1/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 350-95, App. 1 1/3/95; 
Ord. 320-99, App. 11/22/99; Ord. 192-02, App. 
9/17/02; Ord. 256-07, App. 1 1/6/07] 

Apartment. "Apartment" means a dwelling unit 
as defined in this Code. 

Apartment House. "Apartment house" is any 
building or portion thereof which contains three or 
more dwelling units and, for the purpose of this Code, 
includes residential condominiums. 

Basement. "Basement" is any floor level below 
the first story in a building, except that a floor level in 
a building having only one floor level shall be 
classified as a basement unless such floor level 
qualifies as a first story as defined herein. 

Bathroom. A room containing a bathtub, tub or 
shower compartment; water closet and lavatory or other 
similar approved facilities provided immediately 
adjacent thereto. 

Bay Window. A rectangular, curved or polygonal 
window, projecting beyond the exterior wall of the 
building. 

Building. "Building" shall mean any building or 
structure, or portion thereof, which is used, designed or 
intended for residential use, for living, sleeping, 
cooking or eating purposes or any combination thereof 

Building Code. The San Francisco Building 
Code, Part II, Chapter I, of the San Francisco 
Municipal Code. 

Building (Existing). A building erected prior to 
the adoption of this Code, or one for which a legal 
building permit and a "Certificate of Final Completion" 
has been issued. 



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401-401 



2007 SAN FRANCISCO HOUSING CODE 



Building Official. "Building Official" is the 
Director of the Department of Building Inspection, City 
and County of San Francisco, The Director is the 
authorized representative in the enforcement of this 
Code. 

Ceiling Height. The distance between the finished 
floor and the finished ceiling. 

City. The City and County of San Francisco. 

Congregate Residence. "Congregate Residence" 
is any building or portion thereof which contains 
facilities for living, sleeping and sanitation, as required 
by this Code, and may include facilities for eating and 
cooking, for occupancy by other than a family. A 
congregate residence may be a shelter, convent, 
monastery, dormitory, fraternity or sorority house but 
does not include jails, hospitals, nursing homes, hotels, 
or lodging houses. 

Deterioration. The condition of a building or a 
portion of a building characterized by holes, breaks, 
rot, crumbling, cracking, peeling, rusting, or other 
evidence of physical decay or neglect, or lack of 
maintenance, or excessive use. 

Director of the Department of Building 
Inspection. The Director of the Department of 
Building Inspection, City and County of San Francisco, 
sometimes referred to as the Director, who shall herein 
have charge and control of all matters set forth in this 
Code. 

Dormitory. A room occupied by more than two 
guests. 

Dwelling. Any building or portion thereof which 
contains not more than two dwelling units. 

Dwelling Unit. A "dwelling unif is any building 
or portion thereof which contains living facilities, 
including provisions for sleeping, eating, cooking and 
sanitation as required by the Code, for not more than 
one family. 

Electrical Code. The San Francisco Electrical 
Code, Part II, Chapter III of the San Francisco 
Municipal Code. 

Equivalent Public Way. "Equivalent public way" 
is approved space on private property complying with 
all of the following: 

( 1 ) Connects with boundary street or streets. 

(2) Is a least 40 feet in width, open to the 
sky, when the structures served by the equivalent 
public way are protected throughout with an approved 
automatic fire-extinguishing system installed in 
conformance with Chapter 9 of the Building Code. 



(3) Is accessible to Fire Department vehicles 
and equipment. 

(4) Access is recorded as being irrevocable 
for the life of the structure for which access is required, 
stating this is a requirement of the City. 

Exit. See Section 1 002 of the Building Code. 

Family. One or more persons related or unrelated, 
living together as a single integrated household in a 
dwelling unit. 

Fire Code. The San Francisco Fire Code Part H, 
Chapter IV, of the San Francisco Municipal Code. 

Fire Hazard or Nuisance. "Fire hazard" shall 
mean anything or the lack of any equipment or any act, 
which increases or may cause an increase of the hazard 
or menace to life or property from fire, explosion or 
panic to a greater degree than that customarily 
recognized as normal by persons in the public service 
of preventing, suppressing or extinguishing fire; or 
which may obstruct, delay or hinder the saving of life 
from fire, explosion or panic or may have become the 
cause of any obstruction, delay, suppression or 
hindrance, to the prevention or extinguishment of fire. 

Garage. A building or portion thereof in which a 
motor vehicle containing flammable or combustible 
liquids or gas in its tank is stored, repaired or kept. 

Garage, Private. A building or a portion of a 
building, not more than 1,000 square feet in area, in 
which only motor vehicles used by the tenants of the 
building or buildings on the premises are stored or kept. 

Guest Room. A room occupied, or intended, 
arranged or designed for occupation by one or more 
guests. Every 1 00 square feet of superficial floor area 
in a doraiitory is a guest room. A guest is any person 
paying in money, goods or services for the use of a 
sleeping facility. Guest rooms with cooking shall have 
approved kitchen units as set forth in Section 507 of 
this Code. 

Guest Room Suite. A contiguous group of two or 
more habitable rooms, not part of a dwelling unit, 
having one entry door. Each habitable room within a 
guest room suite shall individually conform to the 
requirements set forth in Section 503(b) of this Code. 

Habitable Space (Room). Any room or space in 
a structure for living, sleeping, eating or cooking. 
Bathrooms, toilet compartments, closets, halls, storage 
or utilily space areas are not considered habitable 
space. 

Handrail. A rail capable of being readily grasped 
by the hand to provide support on ramps or stairs. 



16 



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401-401 



Height of Building. Height of building shall be 
determined in accordance with Chapter 2 of the 
Building Code. 

Hotel. "Hotel" is any building containing six or 
more guest rooms, or guest room suites, intended or 
designed to be used, or which are used, rented or hired 
out to be occupied, or which are occupied for sleeping 
purposes by guests. 

Guest rooms with cooking facilities as defined in 
Section 507 of this Code located therein are permitted. 
Hotel does not include any jail, hospital, asylum, 
sanitarium, orphanage, prison, detention home or other 
institution in which human beings are housed and 
detained under legal restraint. 

Housekeeping Room/Unit with Cooking 
Facilities. Housekeeping unit or room containing one 
guestroom with electric cooking facilities, in existence 
and legalized by permit prior to 1969 in a residential 
building built before 1960. 

Kitchen. Any room used, or intended or designed 
to be used, for cooking, preserving and preparing food. 

Kitchen, Community. See Section 507 of this 
Code. 

Life Hazard. "Life hazard" is any act, condition, 
or omission or lack of construction, equipment, 
material or maintenance, that increases or may cause an 
increase in the menace to life to occupants within a 
building or structure from fire, explosion, earthquake, 
panic or structural failure above the level of safety 
established in this Code. 

Lodging House. "Lodging house" is any building 
or portion thereof, containing not more than five guest 
rooms where rent is paid in money, goods, labor or 
otherwise. 

Main Entrance or Exit. "Main entrance or exit" 
is that entrance from a street, alley or other open space 
serving as a way of approach to a building to which is 
apportioned the greater aggregate of the required 
outside exit width. 

Mechanical Code. The San Francisco Mechanical 
Code Part II, Chapter XIV, of the San Francisco 
Municipal Code. 

Mechanical Ventilation. The ventilation of any 
area or space by mechanical means. 

Mold and Mildew. Any visible or otherwise 
demonstrable growth of microscopic organisms or 
fungi (mold or mildew) that feeds on damp conditions 
in the interior of a residential building, sufficiently 



chronic or severe to cause a health hazard or damage a 
residential structure or part thereof, excluding the 
presence of mold or mildew which is minor in nature 
caused by inappropriate housekeeping practices or the 
improper use of natural or mechanical ventilation. 

Motel. "Motel" shall mean "hotel" as defined in 
this Code. 

Municipal Code. The Municipal Code of the City 
and County of San Francisco. 

Nuisance. The following shall be defined as 
nuisances: 

( 1 ) Any public nuisance known at common 
law or in equity jurisprudence; 

(2) Any attractive nuisance which may 
prove detrimental to children, whether in a building or 
on the premises of a building. This includes open wells, 
abandoned basements, or excavations; abandoned 
iceboxes, refrigerators and motor vehicles, or any 
structurally unsound fences or structures, or lumber, 
trash, fences, debris, or vegetation which may prove a 
hazard for inquisitive minors; 

(3) Whatever is dangerous to human life or 
is detrimental to health; 

(4) Overcrowding a room with occupants; 

(5) Insufficient ventilation or illumination; 

(6) Inadequate or insanitary sewage or 
plumbing facilities; 

(7) Insanitary conditions or anything 
offensive to the senses or dangerous to health; 

(8) Whatever renders air, food or drink 
unwholesome or detrimental to the health of human 
beings; 

(9) Fire hazard; 

(10) Substandard building; 

(11) Any "apartment," "dwelling unit," 
"habitable space" or "building" as defined in this Code, 
which is the subject of a final hazard reduction order 
under Section 1628 of the San Francisco Health Code, 
or an emergency order under Section 1630 of the San 
Francisco Health Code; 

(12) Mold and mildew as defined by this 
chapter. 

Openable Window Area. That portion of a 
window opening left clear and unobstructed when the 
window is in an open position. 

Overcrowding. Use of occupancy of a room, 
dwelling unit, guest room or guestroom suite in excess 
of that permitted by this Code. 



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2007 SAN FRANCISCO HOUSING CODE 



Owner. The owner or owners of the freehold of 
the premises or a lesser estate therein, a vendee in 
possession, or the lessee or joint lessees of the whole 
thereof. 

Pantry. A space accessible to a dining room or 
kitchen for the storage of food, dishes or utensils. 

Partition. An interior vertical separation running 
from floor to ceiling and dividing one part of an 
enclosed area from another. 

Person. Any person, firm, association, 
organization, partnership, business trust, corporation, 
company, municipal, state or federal agency, executors, 
administrators, successors, assigns or agents or their 
heirs. 

Plumbing Code. The San Francisco Plumbing 
Code Part 11, Chapter VII, of the San Francisco 
Municipal Code. 

Porch. A porch is a projection of appendage on 
the exterior of a building, which has a roof the ceiling 
height of which cannot be less than seven feet. Where 
one balcony is placed one story above another balcony, 
the balconies shall be considered as porches. 

Premises. Land including improvements or 
appurtenances or any part thereof 

Repairs. The reconstruction or renewal of any 
part of an existing building for the purpose of its 
maintenance. 

Required. As required in this Code. 

Roof Structure. "Roof structure" is any building 
or structure erected upon the roof of a building, 
designed to protect machinery or mechanical devices 
located on such roof and not used for any of the 
occupancies set forth in Chapter 3 of the Building 
Code. 

Rooming House. Same as "lodging house." 

Service Room. "Service room" shall mean any 
room used for storage, bath or utility purposes, and not 
included in the definition of "habitable rooms." 

Shaft. Any shaft used for air, light or ventilation, 
or for vertical openings within a building. A vent shaft 
is one used solely to ventilate a water-closet 
compartment, bathroom, toilet, utility room or other 
service room. 

Stairwell. A volume formed by the enclosure of 
any stair, or that would have been formed if the stairs 
were enclosed. 

Story. "Story" is that portion of a building 
included between the upper surface of any floor and the 



upper surface of the floor next above, except that the 
topmost story shall be that portion of a building 
included between the upper surface of the topmost 
floor and the ceiling or roof above. If the finished floor 
level directly above a basement or unused under-floor 
space is more than six feet above grade as defined 
herein for more than 50 percent of the total perimeter 
or is more than 12 feet above grade as defined herein at 
any point, such basement or unused under-floor space 
shall be considered a story. 

Story, first, is the lowest story in a building which 
qualifies as a story, as defined herein, except that a 
floor level in a building having only one floor level 
shall be classified as a first story, provided such floor 
is not more than four feet below grade, as defined 
herein, for more than 50 percent of the total perimeter, 
or more than eight feet below grade, as defined herein, 
at any point. 

Substandard Building. See Chapter 10 of this 
Code. 

Superficial Floor Area. "Superficial floor area" 
is the net floor area within the enclosing walls of the 
room in which the ceiling height is not less than seven 
feet six inches, excluding built-in equipment such as 
wardrobes, cabinets, kitchen units, or fixtures which 
are not readily removable. 

Toilet Room. A room containing one or more 
water closets or urinals. 

Unsafe Building. See Section 102A of the 
Building Code. 

Unusable Space. A space or area which is not 
readily accessible and which has not more than three 
feet vertical clearance at any point. 

Use. "Use" shall mean as used or designed or 
intended to be used. 

Ventilating Area. The net area of an opening for 
the unobstructed passage of air. An approved screen is 
not considered as obstructing the area provided that the 
required ventilating area is maintained. 

Water Closet Compartment. Same as "toilet 
room." 

Weathering. Deterioration, decay or damage 
caused by exposure to the elements. 

Window. "Window" shall mean a glazed opening, 
including glazed doors, which open upon a yard, court, 
or recess from a court, or a vent shaft open and 
unobstnicted to the sky. Clerestory windows shall be 
included in this definition. 



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501-503 



CHAPTER 5 
SPACE AND OCCUPANCY STANDARDS 



Sec. 501. General. 

Sec. 502. Yards and Courts. 

Sec. 503. Room Dimensions. 

Sec. 504. Light and Ventilation. 

Sec. 505. Sanitation. 

Sec. 506. Habitable Basement Rooms. 

Sec. 507. Cooking Facilities. 



SEC. 501. GENERAL. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 1 1/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 350-95, App. 1 1/3/95; 
Ord. 256-07, App. 11/6/07] 

See Chapter 1 of this Code and Chapter 3, Section 
3 1 of the Building Code. Buildings erected, altered or 
converted prior to July 26, 1958, shall comply with the 
minimum requirements as set forth in Sections 501 
through 507 of this Code. 



SEC. 502. YARDS AND COURTS. 

[Amended by Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 256-07, 
App. 1 1/6/07] 

See Chapter 1 of this Code and Section 1206 of 
the Building Code and the City Planning Code. 

Yards, courts, vent shafts, and required 
unoccupied space for buildings constructed, converted 
or altered prior to July 26, 1958, need not be provided 
or increased in size if the habitable rooms and required 
windows opening thereon were installed under permit, 
or would have been permitted under the codes in effect 
at the time installed. 



SEC. 503. ROOM DIMENSIONS. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 11/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 123-93, App. 4/29/93; 
Ord. 350-95, App. 11/3/95; Ord. 256-07, App. 11/6/07] 
(a) Ceiling Heights. Unless legally constructed 
as such, no habitable room shall have a ceiling height 
less than seven feet six inches. Any room, other than a 
habitable room, shall have a ceiling height of not less 
than seven feet. 



(b) Superficial Floor Area. Every dwelling unit 
and congregate residence shall have at least one room 
which shall have not less than 120 square feet of 
superficial floor area. Every room which is used for 
both cooking and living or both living and sleeping 
purposes shall have not less than 144 square feet of 
superficial floor area. Every room used for sleeping 
purposes shall have not less than 70 square feet of 
superficial floor area. When more than two persons 
occupy a room used for sleeping purposes the required 
superficial floor area shall be increased at the rate of 50 
square feet for each occupant in excess of two. Guest 
rooms with cooking shall contain the combined 
required superficial areas of a sleeping and a kitchen, 
but not less than 1 44 square feet. Other habitable rooms 
shall be not less than 70 square feet. 

Notwithstanding any provision of this Section, 
children under the age of six shall not be counted for 
purposes of determining whether a family with minor 
children complies with the provisions of this Code. 

(c) Width. No habitable room except a kitchen 
shall be less than seven feet in width. Rooms used as 
guest rooms with cooking shall have a 10-foot 
minimum width. 

(d) Housing Access. To promote access to 
housing by families, it shall be unlawful for the owner, 
lessor, lessee, sublessee, real estate broker, assignee, or 
other person having the rights of ownership, the right of 
possession, or other right to rent or lease any dwelling 
unit or any agent or employee of such person to reftise 
to rent or lease, or otherwise deny, a dwelling unit to a 
family, as defined in Section 401 of this Code, on the 
basis of the actual or potential number of occupants if 
the total number of persons occupying a room for 
sleeping purposes does not violate the minimum 
superficial floor area standards prescribed in 
Subsection (b) of this Section. 

(e) Remedies. A violation of Subsection (d) of 
this Section shall be subject to the civil remedies 
specified in Section 204(e) of this Code. 



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2007 SAN FRANCISCO HOUSING CODE 



SEC. 504. LIGHT AND VENTILATION. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 11/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 160-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; 
Ord. 350-95, App. 1 1/3/95; Ord. 192-02, App. 9/17/02; 
Ord. 136-05, App. 6/28/05; Ord. 256-07, App. 1 1/6/07] 

General. For the purpose of determining the light 
or ventilation required by this Section, any room may 
be considered as a portion of an adjoining room when 
one-half of the area of the common wall is open and 
unobstructed and provides an opening of not less than 
one-tenth of the floor area of the interior room or 25 
square feet, whichever is greater. 

Exterior openings for natural light or ventilation 
required by this Section shall open directly onto a 
public way or a yard or court located on the same lot as 
the building. 

EXCEPTIONS: 

1 . Required windows may open into a roof 
porch where the porch: 

a. Abuts a public way, yard or court; 
and 

b. Has a ceiling height of not less than 
seven feet; and 

c. Has a longer side at least 65 percent 
open and unobstructed. 

2. Skylights. 

(a) Natural Light and Ventilation - Habitable 
Room. Guest rooms and habitable rooms within a 
dwelling unit or congregate residence shall have an 
aggregate window area of not less than one-twelfth of 
the floor area or 1 square feet, whichever is greater. In 
one-family and two-family dwellings not more than one 
story and basement in height, a skylight is permitted 
over a required court or side yard if the skylight 
ventilating area equals the minimum required window 
area for rooms ventilated by such court and where 
another source of ventilation to the court exists or is 
provided, e.g., a tunnel entrance. In no case shall a 
skylight be permitted when a sleeping room opens into 
an enclosed court or side yard. 

Openable Window Area. In guest rooms and 
habitable rooms within a dwelling unit or congregate 
residence one-half of the required window area in all 
rooms and hallways shall be openable. 

Clerestory windows are permitted, provided they 
meet the requirements for ventilation as set forth in this 
Code. 

(b) Reserved. 



(c) Mechanical Ventilation. An approved 
system of mechanical ventilation or air conditioning 
may be used in lieu of openable exterior windows. 
Such system shall provide not less than two air changes 
per hour, except that in bathrooms, containing a 
bathtub, shower or combination thereof, laundry rooms 
and similar rooms such system shall provide five air 
changes per hour. A minimum of 15 cubic feet per 
occupant of the air supply shall be taken from the 
outside per Section 1202.5 of the Building Code. The 
point of discharge of exhaust air shall be at least three 
feet from any opening into the building. 

Bathrooms that contain only a water closet, 
lavatory or combination thereof and similar rooms may 
be ventilated with an approved mechanical 
recirculating fan or similar device designed to remove 
odors irom the air. 

In single-family dwellings, separate switches for 
the light and ventilation are permissible. 

Any person in charge of a building in which an 
exhaust fan system of ventilation is installed and used 
pursuant to this chapter, who fails, neglects or refuses 
to operate and maintain the system in good order and 
repair so that the air in each for which it is provided is 
not completely changed within the specie intervals, is 
guilty of a misdemeanor. 

(d) Exit Corridors. Every exit corridor in all 
apartment houses or hotels shall be ventilated as 
follows: 

(1) Windows Required. In an apartment 
house or hotel, every exit corridor shall have at least 
one window unless it is lighted and ventilated by a 
skylight, a ventilated connecting hallway, or a 
mechanical ventilation system pursuant to the 
provisions of this Section. 

(2) Window Area and Location. Each 
required window shall be 10 square feet in area, at least 
50 percent of which shall be openable. 

(3) Existing transoms in corridor walls shall 
be removed and the openings covered or closed with 
incombustible materials fastened so as to prevent the 
opening of the transoms. A transom is defined as a 
window above a door or any other window in a 
hallway, corridor or passageway, other than exterior 
windows. 

(4) Doors opening to corridors from guest 
rooms or dwelling units shall be maintained in a 
normally closed position except when used for entrance 
or egress to the room or dwelling unit. 



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504 - 505 



(5) Skylight Permitted. Skylights shall be 
permitted in lieu of the required windows in exit 
corridors in the topmost story of apartment houses and 
hotels, 

(6) Skylight Area and Location. 

(i) Each skylight shall have an 
effective horizontal area of glass of at least eight square 
feet. 

(ii) Each skylight shall be so arranged 
that its entire ventilating area may be readily opened, or 
its ventilators may be fixed permanently in an open 
position providing not less than 400 square inches of 
ventilating area. 

(7) Mechanical Ventilation. An exit 
corridor of an apartment house or hotel may, in lieu of 
any window, be: 

(i) Lighted and ventilated by a 
connecting exit corridor equipped with a window or 
skylight meeting the requirements of this chapter; or 

(ii) Ventilated by an approved 
mechanical system of ventilation designed and operated 
to produce not less than two complete changes of air 
per hour. 

(8) Stairway Ventilation. 

(i) Each enclosed stairway shall be 
vented at the top by means of a skylight or other 
approved means of ventilation. If by other approved 
means, the net ventilating area shall be not less than 
five percent of the cross-sectional area of the stairwell, 
(ii) Construction of skylights shall 
conform to the Building Code. 

(e) Electrical Convenience Outlets. Every 
habitable room shall have at least one electrical 
convenience outlet and every kitchen shall have at least 
two electrical convenience outlets; or in a kitchen in 
which all major appliances such as range, refrigerator, 
stove, oven, disposal unit and/or dishwasher are built 
into the wall or cabinets of said kitchen, or in which 
there is no major electrical appliance or in which the 
major appliance is operated from a central unit in the 
building, one electrical convenience outlet shall be 
furnished for each 12 feet of continuous counter and 
for each separate counter area. Ceiling and wall 
lighting fixture outlets shall not be included in the 
required number of the required outlets. 

Rooms with running water shall require wall 
switches for control of the lighting outlets. 



All new outlets, fixtures and wiring shall comply 
with the Electrical Code. 

(f) Dormitories - Capacity. No dormitory shall 
contain sleeping accommodations for more than 15 
persons, nor shall any dormitory be so overcrowded as 
to be inconsistent with the requirement of this chapter 
for rooms used for sleeping purposes, or for the amount 
of sleeping room floor area per occupant. 

The bed frames shall be made of hard, smooth, 
incombustible, nonabsorbent material; the beds to be 
arranged as follows: 

(1) Not less than three feet of horizontal 
space between beds. 

(2) Not less than one foot of clear space 
between the floor of the dormitory and the underside of 
the lower bed. 

(g) Artificial Light. In every apartment house 
and in every hotel there shall be installed artificial light 
sufficient in volume to illuminate properly every exit 
corridor, passageway, public stairway, fire escape 
egress, elevator, public water closet compartment, or 
toilet room to prevent safety hazard. 



SEC. 505. SANITATION. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 1 1/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 160-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; 
Ord. 350-95, App. 11/3/95; Ord. 192-02, App. 9/1 7/02; 
Ord. 256-07, App. 11/6/07] 

(a) Dwelling Units, Lodging Houses and 
Congregate Residences. Dwelling unit, lodging houses 
and congregate residence shall be provided with a 
water-closet, a lavatory, and a bathtub or shower, 
within the unit, except that one facility for the 
exclusive use of a single dwelling unit may be situated 
off the exit corridor on the same floor. 

(b) Hotels. Hotel guestrooms shall be provided 
with a water-closet, a lavatory, and a bathtub or 
shower, within the guest room or said facilities may be 
situated off the exit corridor on the same floor pursuant 
to the table indicated below. 

The following table will be used in determining 
the minimum number of public sanitary facilities 
required per floor when guest rooms do not contain the 
requisite sanitary facilities: 



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2007 SAN FRANCISCO HOUSING CODE 



Total Number of Public Sanitary Facilities 
Required for Guest Rooms (per Floor) 

*Existing Number of Public Sanitary 

Guest Rooms per Floor Facilities Required 

2-20 2 

21-30 3 

31-40 4 

41-50 5 

51-60 6 

61-70 7 

Etc. 

*NOTE: Existing guest rooms with private 
sanitation facilities are not part of the guest room floor 
total for purposes of this requirement. 

(c) Kitchen. Every dwelling unit shall be 
provided with a kitchen having adequate and clean 
facilities for the preparation, storage and preservation 
of food and every kitchen shall be provided with a 
kitchen sink constructed of approved nonabsorbent and 
impervious materials. No wooden sink or sink of 
similar absorbent material will be permitted. The space 
underneath the sink or wash tray shall be constructed so 
as to provide for its ventilation and inspection. 

All appliances provided by the owner shall be 
maintained in good working condition, excluding minor 
damage caused by inappropriate housekeeping 
practices or improper use. 

Community kitchens and kitchens in guest rooms 
shall comply with Section 507 of this Code. 

(d) Fixtures. 

( 1 ) All plumbing fixtures shall be connected 
to a sanitary sewer. All plumbing fixtures shall be 
connected to an approved system of water supply and 
required fixtures shall be provided with hot and cold 
running water, except water closets shall be provided 
with cold water only. 

(2) All plumbing fixtures shall be of an 
approved nonabsorbent material. 

(3) For the purposes of this Section, water 
heated to a minimum temperature of 105 degrees 
Fahrenheit (41 degrees Centigrade) and a maximum of 



1 20 degrees Fahrenheit (49 degrees Centigrade) at the 
tap shall be furnished to hotels and apartment houses. 

(4) Each building shall provide four gallons 
of hot water storage capacity per guest room and eight 
gallons of hot water storage capacity per dwelling unit. 

(5) Shower heads with no more than a 
three-gallon-per-minute flow shall be required. 
Showerheads of the ball-joint type that cannot easily be 
removed from the wall without structural alteration are 
exempt from this requirement. 

(e) Water Closet Compartment. See Sections 
1210 in the Building Code. 

(f) Room Separations. No room used for the 
preparEition of food shall be used for sleeping purposes 
except as otherwise provided in the Building Code. 

Every kitchen or room in which food is stored or 
prepared shall be separated from any water closet or 
urinal compartment by at least a tight-fitting door. 

EXCEPTIONS: 

(1) No change is required in apartment 
houses and hotels constructed prior to August 1 7, 1 923 . 

(2) No change is required in dwellings 
constructed prior to January 1, 1929. 

Every partition in a building separating a kitchen 
with gas appliances from a room used for sleeping 
purposes shall extend to the ceiling or, if there is no 
ceiling, to the roof. An opening in the partition shall be 
provided with a door; provided, however, that a wall or 
partition an opening not exceeding three feet in width 
and seven feet in height may be permitted. 

Every water closet, bathtub or shower required by 
this Code shall be installed in a room which will afford 
privacy to the occupant. 

(g) Installation and Maintenance. All sanitary 
facilities shall be installed and maintained in safe and 
sanitary condition and in accordance with all applicable 
laws. 

All plumbing fixtures, gas appliances and 
appurtenances thereto and their installation, 
maintenance, repair or alteration shall comply with the 
requirements of the Plumbing Code and all other 
applicable sections of the Municipal Code. 

(h) Waterproofing - Basements. The walls and 
floor of every basement which is below the ground 
level shall be waterproofed and dampproof, and, 
whenever necessary in the opinion of the Director, the 
walls and floor shall be provided with approved 
waterproofing protection. 



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505-507 



(i) Drainage. See Appendix Section J 1 09 of the 
Building Code. One-family and two-family dwellings, 
other than those buildings constructed or converted to 
an R-3 Occupancy in which the Plumbing Code and/or 
Building Code in effect at the time of construction or 
alteration, require other provisions, are exempt from 
the drainage requirements for balconies and other 
projections, provided the drainage from the projection 
or balcony falls within the property lines and does not 
adversely affect adjacent property. 



SEC. 506. HABITABLE BASEMENT ROOMS. 

[Added by Ord. 350-95, App. 11/3/95; Ord. 256-07, 
App. 1 1/6/07] 

All habitable basement rooms shall comply with 
Sections 503 and 504 of this Code. 



SEC. 507. COOKING FACILITIES. 

[Added by Ord. 256-07, App. 1 1/6/07] 
(a) Community kitchens. 

( 1 ) General. Community kitchens provided 
for the use of occupants of guest rooms shall comply 
with this section. 

The number of guest rooms that may be 
served by a community kitchen shall be based on the 
following schedule: 



Minimum Size of Community 

Kitchen (superficial area 

in square feet) ^ 


Number of 

Guest Rooms 

Served 


100 (9.29 m') 


1-6 


10 (0.929 m') 


Per additional 
guest room 



' NOTE: Superficial floor area is the net floor area 
within the enclosing walls of the room in which the 
ceiling height is not less than 7'6" (2.286 m) excluding 
built-in equipment such as wardrobes, cabinets, kitchen 
units or fixtures which are not readily removable. 
Adjacent dining areas may be counted as additional 
superficial floor area. 

(2) Cooking facilities. Only electric cooking 
appliances shall be used in community kitchens. Where 
they consist of electric plates, not more than two single 



or one double unit shall be permitted for each guest 
room served by the kitchen. Gas fuel appliances shall 
be prohibited. 

Electric plates shall be securely attached 
to a metal shelf or metal table and shall be located not 
closer than 3 inches (76.2 mm) from a wall surface. 
Where a wall of combustible construction is located 
closer than 24 inches (609.6 mm) to an electric plate, a 
wall guard consisting of sheet metal of not less than 28 
gauge over 1/4-inch (6.35 mm) millboard, or other 
approved materials, shall be secured to the adjacent 
wall directly to the rear of the electric plates. Such 
protective wall guard shall extend a minimum of 24 
inches (609.6 mm) above the cooking top for the full 
width of the appliance. 

Storage facilities. Countertops shall be 
of noncombustible construction. One noncombustible 
food storage cabinet with a minimum of 4 square feet 
(0.3716 m^) of shelf space shall be provided for each 
guest room served by the community kitchen. 
Countertops may be of combustible materials, provided 
the countertop is of an approved nonabsorbent material. 
Cooking appliances shall be installed in accordance 
with the manufacturers instructions. Countertops of 
combustible materials shall not be used to support 
electric plates. 

Cabinets located over the cooking area 
shall have a minimum of 30 inches (762 mm) 
clearance above the cooking top and shall have a 
noncombustible covering on the underside above the 
cooking area. 

(3) Construction. Community kitchens shall 
be located in a room with a self-closing door. The 
minimum ceiling height shall be 7'6" (2.286 m). Floors 
shall be waterproofed as required in Section 2306.9 for 
floors. At least one metal kitchen sink drainboard shall 
be provided. Each sink shall be provided with hot and 
cold running water. 

(b) Guest room cooking facilities. Cooking 
facilities located within guest rooms shall comply with 
Section 507(a). 



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601-603 



CHAPTER 6 
STRUCTURAL REQUIREMENTS 



Sec. 601 . Construction, Existing Apartment Houses 

and Hotels. 
Sec. 602. Foundation Ventilation. 
Sec. 603. Garages. 
Sec. 604. Structural Maintenance. 



SEC. 601. CONSTRUCTION, EXISTING 
APARTMENT HOUSES AND HOTELS. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 11/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 350-95, App. 1 1/3/95; 
Ord. 256-07, App. 1 1/6/07] 

See Chapter 1 A of this Code and Chapter 6 of the 
Building Code, which defines current types of building 
construction. 

Wood frame buildings three stories or more in 
height, constructed, altered or converted for use as an 
apartment house or hotel after September 1, 1947 shall 
be constructed of materials providing the entire 
building with a fire-resistive rating of one hour, as 
defined by the Building Code in effect at time of 
construction. 

Wood frame buildings constructed, altered or 
converted for use as an apartment house or hotel prior 
to September 1, 1947 need not be constructed of 
fire-resistive materials except for the public exit 
corridors, the soffits of stair and landings, and any new 
construction added since September 1, 1947, except 
that in buildings not over two stories in height public 
exit corridors and stairways may be of unrated 
materials if each apartment or guest room has direct 
access to a way of departure from within the unit or 
room without entering a common corridor. An 
approved automatic sprinkler system mdy be 
substituted for required fire-resistive construction for 
exit corridors of buildings altered or converted prior to 
July 26, 1958. 

Public exit corridor for this purpose is defined as 
those corridors which serve more than one apartment or 
guest room and which are not connected with any other 
exit corridor or stairway. 

Interior wood construction of Type III (III-A and 
III-B) and W buildings shall conform to the same fire- 



resistive requirements as for Type V (V-A and V-B) 
buildings. Type III (III-A and III-B) buildings five or 
more stories in height shall be of fire-resistive 
construction if constructed, altered or converted for use 
as an apartment house or hotel after August 17, 1923. 
All wood shall be protected against termite 
damage and decay as provided in the Building Code. 



SEC. 602. FOUNDATION VENTILATION. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 11/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 256-07, App. 1 1/6/07] 

The space between the bottom of floor joists and 
the ground of any building (except space that is 
occupied by a basement or cellar) shall be provided 
with a sufficient number of ventilating openings 
through foundation walls or exterior walls to ensue 
ample ventilation. The minimum total area of 
ventilating opening shall be proportioned on the basis 
of V/z square feet for each 50 linear feet, or major 
faction thereof, of exterior wall, so located as to 
provide adequate cross-ventilation. 

The air space shall be kept clean and free from any 
accumulation of rubbish, debris or filth. 



SEC. 603. GARAGES. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 11/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 350-95, App. 1 1/3/95; 
Ord. 256-07, App. 1 1/6/07] 

(a) No automobile or other motor vehicle shall 
occupy any portion of an apartment house or hotel 
except in a garage which meets the requirements of the 
Building Code and other provisions of the Municipal 
Code. 

(b) Use. Private and public storage garages in 
apartment houses and hotels shall be used only for 
storage of automobiles. 

(c) Separation. See Section 406.1 of the 
Building Code, When approved, existing separations in 
existing buildings may be acceptable. 



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2007 SAN FRANCISCO HOUSING CODE 



SEC. 604. STRUCTURAL MAINTENANCE. 

[Added by Ord. 192-02, App. 9/17/02; Ord. 256-07, 
App. 11/6/07] 

(a) Affidavit Required. All wood and metal 
decks, balconies, landings, exit corridors, stairway 
systems, guardrails, handrails, fire escapes, or any parts 
thereof in weather-exposed areas of apartment 
buildings and hotels shall be inspected by a licensed 
general contractor, or a structural pest control licensee, 
or a licensed professional architect or engineer, 
verifying that the exit system, corridor, balcony, deck 
or any part thereof is in general safe condition, in 
adequate working order, and free from hazardous dry 
rot, fungus, deterioration, decay, or improper alteration. 
Property owners shall provide proof of compliance 
with this section by submitting an affidavit form 
(provided by the Department) signed by the responsible 
inspector to the Housing Inspection Services Division 
every five years. For purposes of this section, 
"weather-exposed areas" mean those areas which are 
not interior building areas. The affidavit process shall 
commence on January 1, 2004. 



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701-701 



CHAPTER 7 
MECHANICAL REQUmEMENTS 



Sec. 701 . Heating and Ventilation. 

Sec. 702. Reserved. 

Sec. 703. Weather Protection. 

Sec. 704. Roof Decks and Drying Platforms. 

Sec. 705. Security; Purpose. 

Sec. 706. Security; Standards. 

Sec. 707. Garbage Receptacle Compartments. 

Sec. 708. Weatherstripping of Windows. 

Sec. 709. Prohibited Uses. 

Sec. 710. Paints or Volatile Liquids. 

Sec. 711. Machine Shop, etc. 

Sec. 712. Identification of Utility Shutoff Devices. 

Sec. 713. Elevators. 

Fig. 712. Typical Multi Unit Dwelling Gas Meter 
Installation. 



SEC. 701. HEATING AND VENTILATION. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 11/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 350-95, App. 1 1/3/95; 
Ord. 192-02, App. 9/17/02; Ord. 256-07, App. 1 1/6/07] 
(a) Minimum Heat Requirements. 

(1) Dwelling units, guest rooms and 
congregate residences of one habitable room other than 
the kitchen, heat capable of maintaining a room 
temperature of 70 degrees Fahrenheit at a point midway 
between the heating unit and the farthest wall and 
which point is four feet six inches above the floor, shall 
be made available to such habitable room for 1 1 hours 
between the hours of 6:00 a.m. and 12:00 midnight. 

(2) Dwelling units, guest rooms and 
congregate residences containing two or more habitable 
rooms, heat capable of maintaining a room temperature 
of 70 degrees Fahrenheit at a point midway between 
the heating unit and the furthest wall and which point 
is four feet six inches above the floor in the habitable 
rooms, shall be made available to the main room which 
is the room to which the other habitable rooms circulate 
for 1 1 hours between the hours of 6:00 a.m. and 12:00 
midnight. 

(3) In every guest room except as specified 
in Section 707(c), heat shall be provided as herein 
above required for a dwelling unit with only one 
habitable room. 



(4) Heat shall be furnished, within the guest 
room, congregate residence or dwelling unit by heating 
units located within the guest room, congregate 
residence or dwelling unit or from ductwork openings 
in the walls, floor or ceiling of said guest rooms, 
congregate residences or dwelling units. No direct 
openings for the entrance of heat shall be permitted 
between the exit corridor and the guest room, 
congregate residences or dwelling unit. 

(5) The cost of maintaining heat as herein 
above required shall be a matter of agreement between 
the landlord and tenant thereof. 

(6) Such facilities shall be installed and 
maintained in a safe condition and in accordance with 
the Building Code and all other applicable laws. 

(b) Portable Heaters. All individual heaters 
installed in dwelling units, guest rooms and guest room 
suites must be permanently attached and properly 
wired. Wiring for heaters shall conform to the San 
Francisco Electrical Code. 

(c) Heat Requirements in Apartment Houses 
and Hotels. 

(1) Apartment houses and hotels shall 
comply with the requirements set forth in Section 701 
above except that heat capable of maintaining a room 
temperature of 68 degrees Fahrenheit (20 degrees 
Centigrade) at a point midway between the heating unit 
and the furthest wall and which point is three feet 
above the floor, shall be made available to each 
occupied habitable room for 13 hours between the 
hours of 5:00 a.m. and 1 1:00 a.m. and 3:00 p.m. and 
10:00 p.m. 

(2) In every building in which the heating 
system is not under the control of the tenant or 
occupant, a locking or nontamperable temperature- 
sensing device with a ±P/2-degree Fahrenheit (0.8 
degree Centigrade) tolerance shall be centrally located 
within the building in a habitable room to which heat is 
provided, whether occupied or unoccupied. The 
nontamperable device shall not be installed in a 
manager's unit or an owner's unit (except in an 
owner-occupied residential condominium). This device 
shall cause the heating system to cease heat production 
when the habitable room temperature exceeds 68 
degrees Fahrenheit (20 degrees Centigrade) 



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2007 SAN FRANCISCO HOUSING CODE 



and reactivate the system when the temperature drops 
below 68 degrees Fahrenheit (20 degrees Centigrade). 

(3) A timeclock set to provide the amount 
and hours of heat required in this Section shall be 
installed at or near the heating source (boiler, furnace, 
etc.) to control the heating system. A thermostat bypass 
switch wired in parallel with the thermostat shall be 
provided to allow testing of the boiler operation. This 
switch shall be located at or near the heating source. 

(4) Except as otherwise provided in this 
Section, remotely located switches which override 
timeclock operation shall be prohibited. 

(d) Electrical Equipment. All electrical fixtures, 
wiring and appurtenances hereto and their maintenance 
shall comply with the San Francisco Electrical Code 
and all other applicable sections of the laws of the State 
of California and the Municipal Code. 

(e) Mechanical Ventilation. The provisions and 
requirements of the San Francisco Mechanical Code 
shall govern the installation and operation of 
mechanical ventilation systems and equipment. 



SEC. 702. RESERVED. 



SEC. 703. WEATHER PROTECTION. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 11/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 256-07, App. 1 1/6/07] 
Every building shall be weather protected to 
provide shelter for the occupants and protection against 
the elements in accordance with the Building Code. 



SEC. 704. ROOF DECKS AlVD DRYING 
PLATFORMS. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 11/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 256-07, App. 1 1/6/07] 
The floors of roof decks and drying platforms on 
roofs of existing apartment houses or hotels shall 
conform to the applicable provisions of Section 1509.6 
of the Building Code. 



SEC. 705. SECURITY; PURPOSE. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 1 1/6/89; amended by 

Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 256-07, App. 1 1/6/07] 

The purpose of this Section and Section 706 is to 

provide minimum standards to ensure the security of 



existing hotels, motels and apartment houses (including 
condominiums) particularly regarding point of entry 
into buildings. 



SEC. 706. SECURITY; STANDARDS. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 11/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 18-92, App. 1/21/92; Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; 
Ord. 350-95, App. 1 1/3/95; Ord. 192-02, App. 9/17/02; 
Ord. 256-07, App. 11/6/07] 
(a) Hotels and Motels. 

(1) Exterior Doors. All exterior swinging 
door assemblies and related hardware directly 
accessible from the ground level or by stairs, or ramps, 
or parking lots, or garage areas shall conform to the 
following: 

(i) Doors shall be tight-fitting, in good 
condition, and self-closing. 

(ii) Doors except those defined in 
Subsection (a)(2) of this Section shall be continuously 
locked but openable from the interior with no special 
effort or knowledge or key or otherwise secured in an 
approved manner. (Refer to Section 1003 A. 2 of the San 
Francisco Building Code.) 

(iii) All exposed hinges, bolts, screws 
and similar fasteners holding the door in place shall be 
of the nonremovable type. 

(iv) Replacement of any glazing in 
exterior doors or any area within 40 inches of the lock 
mechanism shall be with approved burglar-resistant 
glazing or laminated safety glass as defined in Section 
1 002 A, San Francisco Building Code, and shall include 
one-quarter-inch-thick wire glass or iron grates or grills 
as an acceptable substitute. 

(2) Main Entrances. All main entry doors, 
including electrically operated doors, shall be provided 
with an approved primary locking device. Main entry 
doors shall be defined as exterior doors leading directly 
to the lobby or registration areas or employee 
entrances. 

(i) Exterior lobby entrances shall have 
doors and related hardware in good condition. 

(ii) Nonremovable hardware - See 
Subsection (a)(l)(iii) of this Section. 

(iii) Replacement glazing - See 
Subsection (a)(l)(iv) of this Section. 

(3) Entry Doors. 

EXCEPTION: Residential care facilities 
licensed by the State of California under Title 22 of the 



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706 - 706 



California Code of Regulations shall not be required to 
comply with the requirements of this Subsection. 

(i) Entry doors to guest rooms from 
corridors, or accessible by stairs, or ramps, or parking 
lot, or garage areas shall be a minimum 
one-and-three-eighths-inch solid bonded wood core or 
approved equal, unless required by Section 17.33, Title 
19, California Code of Regulations to conform to 
retroactive high-rise requirements; in which case there 
shall be compliance with Title 19 retroactive high-rise 
requirements or the requirements of this Section, 
whichever is the more restrictive. Panels in panel-type 
doors shall be a minimum three-eighths-inch. Interior 
glass panel doors to guest rooms or tenant's unit shall 
have a minimum one-and-three-eighths-inch wood 
framing and shall be reinforced with one-quarter-inch 
plastic glazing sheet, minimum three-eighths-inch 
plywood sheet, or laminated safety glass, installed on 
the exterior or interior, or an approved equal, such as 
one-quarter-inch-thick wire glass or iron grates or grills 
installed on either side of an approved door. Other 
glass panel doors shall only comply with the 
aforementioned requirements upon replacement of 
glazing. 

(ii) New locks shall be minimum 
one-inch deadboh and shall be openable from the 
interior with no key, special effort or knowledge. 

(iii) Existing locks with minimum 
five-eighths-inch deadboh openable from the interior 
with no key, special effort or knowledge shall be 
deemed to comply with the minimum standards of this 
Code, or a surface-mounted horizontal-throw or 
vertical-throw deadbolt. 

(iv) All locks in transient hotel rooms 
shall be capable of locking out all keys, except the 
emergency keys, for guest privacy while inside the 
room. 

(v) Strike plates, when attached to 
wood jambs, shall be secured with not less than two 
number eight steel screws, which will penetrate at least 
two inches of solid framing. Strike plates, when 
attached to metal jambs, shall be blind bolted, welded, 
riveted or by approved means. 

(vi) All doors shall be provided with a 
minimum 135-degree viewer which does not have 
sighting capability when viewed from the outside. 
Mounting height shall not exceed 58 inches. 



(vii) Secondary entry doors (rear 
doors, doors from secondary rooms to corridors, etc.) 
Shall require at least a deadlatch or deadbolt, or a 
surface-mounted horizontal-throw or vertical-throw 
deadbolt. Secondary doors to corridors shall meet the 
requirements of Subsection (a)(3)(i) of this Section. 

(4) Communicating Doors Between Guest 
Rooms. See Section 1004A.2 of the San Francisco 
Building Code. 

(i) Communicating doors between 
guest rooms if not required to be fire-rated shall be of 
one-and-three-eighths-inch solid, bonded, wood core or 
approved equal, and shall have a lock, bolt or other 
device capable of securing doors in a closed position 
against forced entry. 

(5) Sliding glass doors - See Section 
1003A.6 of the San Francisco Building Code. 

(6) Sliding glass windows - See Section 
1003A.7 of the San Francisco Building Code. 

(7) Roof Openings. Replacement of all 
skylights leading directly to dwelling rooms, guest 
rooms, utility rooms, office and enclosed commercial 
space shall be provided with burglary-resistant glazing 
as defined in Section 1004A.3 of the San Francisco 
Building Code and shall include one-quarter-inch-thick 
wire glass or iron grates or grills as an acceptable 
substitute. However, if the roof is sloping at an angle of 
at least four in 12, the above requirements are 
inapplicable. 

(8) Parking Areas (Self Parking). See 
Section 1003 A. 8 of the San Francisco Building Code. 

(9) Building Address Identification. See 
Section 107 A. 10 of the San Francisco Building Code. 

(b) Apartment Houses (Includes 
Condominiums). 

(1) Exterior Doors. See Subsection (a)(1) 
of this Section. 

(i) Fire rating of exterior doors - See 
Subsection (a)(l)(i) of this Section. 

(ii) Locking of exterior doors - See 
Subsection (a)(l)(ii) of this Section. 

(iii) Nonremovable hardware - See 
Subsection (a)(l)(iii) of this Section. 

(iv) Replacement glazing - See 
Subsection (a)(l)(iv) this Section. 

(v) Strike plate - See Subsection 
(a)(3)(v) of this Section. 



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2007 SAN FRANCISCO HOUSING CODE 



(2) Main Entrance. All exterior main 
entrance doors shall conform to the standards of 
Subsection (a)(1) of this Section for exterior doors. 

(i) Exterior and main entrance door 
locks shall not be on any master key system. 

(ii) Lighting shall be a minimum of 
one-half footcandle of light on the ground surface from 
the street to the entry door. Lighting devices shall be 
protected by weather-resistant and vandalism-resistant 
covers. 

(3) Entry Doors. Entry doors to dwelling 
units shall be in accordance with Subsection (a)(3)(i) of 
this Section. Said Subsection shall also apply upon 
conversion of units to condominiums. 

(i) Existing locks : Same as Subsection 
(a)(3)(iii) of this Section. 

(ii) New locks: Same as Subsection 
(a)(3)(ii) of this Section. 

(iii) Installation of new doors shall be 
with a primary locking device with minimum one-inch 
single-cylinder deadbolt. 

(iv) All such doors, frames and jambs 
shall be in good condition and tight-fitting. 

(v) Strike plate - See Subsection 
(a)(3)(v) of this Section. 

(vi) All exposed hinges, bolts, screws 
and similar fasteners, holding the door in place if 
facing the exterior shall be of the nonremovable type, 
(vii) Door view - See Subsection 
(a)(3)(vi) of this Section. 

(viii) Secondary doors - See Subsection 
(a)(3)(vii) of this Section. 

(4) Exit Doors. All exit doors from 
corridors to exit stairways and from interior stairwells 
and interior fire escapes and roof doors, if not required 
to be fire-rated, shall be a minimum of 
one-and-three-eighths-inch solid, bonded, wood core or 
approved equal. EXCEPTION: Doors leading to areas 
not accessible from the outside. 

(i) Primary locking devices as defined 
in Section 1002 A of the San Francisco Building Code 
shall be provided and have a minimum half-inch 
deadlatch. Locks shall be self-latching or locking and 
openable from the interior with no key, special effort or 
knowledge. 

(ii) Nonremovable hardware - See 
Subsection (b)(3)(vi) of this Section. 

(iii) Strike plate - See Subsection 
(a)(3)(iii) of this Section. 



(5) Sliding glass doors - See Section 
1003A.6 of the San Francisco Building Code. 

(6) Sliding glass windows - See Subsection 
1003A.7 of the San Francisco Building Code. 

(7) Glazed openings into the units shall 
include, but not be limited to, areas accessible by 
permanent straight ladders from ground to fire escape 
balcony, inner courts and fire escapes through public 
area window or door, and rear yard areas not totally 
enclosed with a minimum eight-foot-high barrier. 
"Accessible" is defined as within eight feet vertical and 
four feet horizontally. 

(i) Replacement of glazed openings 
accessible from the ground level, by stairs, ramps, 
parking lots, or garage area, shall be with approved 
laminated safety glass, one-quarter-inch-thick wire 
glass, or burglar-resistant glazing as defined in Section 
1002A of the San Francisco Building Code. Protective 
iron grillwork may only be installed where it does not 
interfere with the required means of egress. Moreover, 
when iron grillwork is or has been installed over an 
exterior window or other opening to a sleeping room, 
the grillwork over at least one opening in each sleeping 
room must be equipped with an approved quick-release 
device capable of being operated without a key or 
special knowledge from within the room, which device 
must not be accessible from the exterior even if the 
glass is broken. 

(ii) The requirements set forth in 
Subsection (i) shall also apply to existing glazed 
openings upon conversion of units to condominiums. 

(8) Roof openings - See Subsection (a)(7) 
of this Section. Said section shall also apply upon 
conversion of units to condominiums. 

(9) Garage Doors. All garage doors shall 
conform to the following standards: 

(i) Wood panel doors shall have panels 
a minimum of one-quarter inch in thickness. 

(ii) Aluminum doors shall be of a 
substantial thickness riveted together along the outside 
seams. There shall be a fiill-width horizontal beam 
attached to the main door structure. 

(iii) Fiberglass doors shall have panels 
of substantial density. 

(iv) Steel doors shall have steel sheets 
of substantial thickness. 

(v) Doors operated by electrical means 
shall be provided with manual release capability from 
the interior, requiring no special effort or knowledge. 



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706 - 709 



(vi) Manually operated chain-driven 
garage doors shall require the Director's approval. 

( 1 0) Parking areas - See Section 1 003 A.8 of 
the San Francisco Building Code. 

(11) Building address identification - See 
Section 107A.10 of the San Francisco Building Code. 

(12) Metal gates - See Section 1003A.5 of 
the San Francisco Building Code. 

(13) Replacement Installation. Any person 
or entity selling or installing glazing which is to be 
inserted in a glazed opening subject to this ordinance 
shall conform to the provisions of this ordinance. Said 
Section shall also apply to conversion of units to 
condominiums. 



SEC. 707. GARBAGE RECEPTACLE 
COMPARTMENTS. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 1 1/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 350-95, App. 1 1/3/95; 
Ord. 256-07, App. 1 1/6/07] 

All areas which are used, designed or intended for 
the storage of garbage or rubbish shall meet the 
following requirements: 

( 1 ) Shall, where provided or required to be 
provided, be large enough to permit storage and easy 
handling of all garbage cans. No can shall be placed 
within six inches of any wall or post. 

(2) Shall be lined on all its sides and the 
ceiling with galvanized iron of not less than No. 26 
gauge U.S. Standard. All seams and joints shall be 
interlocking and tight. As an alternate, the walls and 
ceilings shall be one-inch-thick Portland cement on an 
approved backing, steel troweled to a smooth finish; 
similarly, concrete blocks finished with smooth trowel 
stucco, or smooth concrete utilizing plywood forms is 
acceptable. 

(3) Shall have floors of concrete or quarry 
tile; no wooden platforms shall be permitted. 

(4) Shall have doors and trim that are metal 
lined on the inside with not less than 26 gauge U.S. 
Standard galvanized sheet metal. Seams shall be 
interlocking and tight. 

(5) Shall be provided with self-closing 
tight-fitting door or doors. 

(6) Shall be adequately ventilated as 
required. Openings or ducts as existing or required 



shall be screened at the outside to prevent ingress of 
flies and other vermin. 

(7) Shall be maintained in good repair and 
in a clean condition at all times. 

(8) Shall be provided with automatic 
sprinklers, except as required by the Building Code for 
new construction, and conversion to R-1 or R-2 
Occupancy. 



SEC. 708. WEATHERSTRIPPmG OF 
WINDOWS. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 1 1/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 350-95, App. 1 1/3/95; 
Ord. 256-07, App. 11/6/0'^;] 

Upon repair or alteration of any window in a 
residential building which leads to an unheated area, 
such window shall be weatherstripped so as to 
effectively and reliably limit air infiltration. Any 
window which is fire-rated is specifically exempted 
from this requirement. In determining which types of 
weatherstripping are acceptable, the Director shall 
consider, among other matters, whether the 
weatherstripping meets the energy conservation goals 
of this Code and is cost-effective. 



SEC, 709. PROHIBITED USES. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 11/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 256-07, App. 1 1/6/07] 

(a) Cooking. It shall be unlawful for any person 
to cook or prepare food in any bathroom, toilet room 
water closet compartment, or any other portion of a 
residential building in which the cooking or preparation 
of food is detrimental to the health of the occupant or 
the proper sanitation of the building. Community 
kitchens are prohibited in one-family and two-family 
dwellings and apartment buildings. One in-residence 
manager's apartment in any hotel may contain a 
kitchen, provided that this kitchen shall conform to all 
the requirements of a kitchen in an apartment house, 
and provided further that the apartment itself shall 
conform in its entirety to all other requirements for a 
dwelling unit in an apartment house. See also Section 
507 of this Code. 

(b) Sleeping. It shall be unlawful for any person 
to use or permit another person to use any of the 
following portions of a building for sleeping purposes: 



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2007 SAN FRANCISCO HOUSING CODE 



(1) A hallway, water closet or bath or 
shower compartment, slop sink room, or any room 
containing a gas appliance used or intended to be used 
for cooking purposes or containing an improperly 
vented gas appliance; 

(2) Any other room or place which does not 
comply with the provisions of this Code for a sleeping 
room, or in which sleeping is dangerous, or prejudicial 
to life or health by reason of an overcrowded condition; 
a lack of light, windows, ventilation or drainage; fire 
hazard, dampness or offensive, obnoxious or poisonous 
odors in the room or place. 

(c) Amusement Rooms. No amusement, 
entertainment, "rumpus," reception, public dining, or 
similar room in any residential building shall be used 
for sleeping purposes unless it meets all of the 
requirements of this Code for sleeping rooms and the 
applicable requirements of the Building Code. 



SEC. 710. PAINTS OR VOLATILE LIQUIDS. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 11/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 256-07, App. 1 1/6/07] 

(a) The storage, processing or use of hazardous 
materials shall comply with all of the applicable 
provisions of the Fire Code. 

(b) Paint Shop, etc. No portion of any apartment 
house or hotel shall be used as a paint shop, as a 
gasoline or oil service station or for storage of any 
hazardous material, or as a vulcanizing shop. 

EXCEPTION: The provisions of this Section shall 
not apply to any room or area in any portion of any 
apartment house or hotel building devoted to the retail 
storage, sale or use of any of the volatile flammable 
liquids referred to in this Section for pharmaceutical, 
medicinal, tonsorial or similar purposes; provided, that 
such volatile flammable liquids are used or dispensed 
from sealed containers not exceeding one gallon in 
capacity. 

The provisions of this Section shall not apply to 
the storage or use of an amount of liquid mixing 
components as would be necessary for maintenance 
purposes of the building in which they are kept; 
provided, that if the enforcement agency determines 
that such storage or use of such materials creates a fire 



hazard or other condition detrimental to health or safety 
the enforcement agency may require that such materials 
be stored in cabinets constructed of incombustible 
material satisfactory to the agency or may require 
compliance with the applicable provisions of this 
Section. 

(c) Vertical Opening. No stairway, elevator 
shaft or other vertical opening shall directly connect 
any occupancy referred to in this Section with any 
other portion of an apartment house or hotel. 

(d) Skylight. No skylight in any special use 
referred to in this Section shall open into a court or 
vent shaft. 



SEC. 711. MACHINE SHOP, ETC. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 11/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 256-07, App. 1 1/6/07] 
No portion of an apartment house or hotel shall be 
used as a machine shop, automobile or motor vehicle 
repair shop or a battery shop. 



SEC. 712. IDENTIFICATION OF UTILITY 
SHUTOFF DEVICES. 

[Added by Ord. 361-90, App. 10/24/90; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 256-07, App. 1 1/6/07] 

Existing apartment houses shall have directions 
showing the location of utility shutoff devices, and 
instructions for operating such devices, prominently 
posted in a public area of the building. 

All utility services shall have their location and 
shutoff devices identified as required by the San 
Francisco Building, Plumbing and Electrical Codes. 

Thie following diagram and instructions, printed on 
paper sit least eight and one-half inches wide by 1 1 
inches long, shall comply with the requirement to post 
instructions for operating shutoff devices imposed by 
this section. (See Figure 712 at the end of this chapter.) 

Notices required by this section shall be posted not 
later than April 1, 1991. 

Any tools necessary for shutoff shall be located in 
close proximity to the shutoff valve in a secure location 
that is accessible to tenants but is not susceptible to 
unauthorized tampering. 



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2007 SAN FRANCISCO HOUSING CODE 713-713 



SEC. 713. ELEVATORS. 

[Added by Ord. 350-95, App. 11/3/95; amended by 
Ord. 256-07, App. 1 1/6/07] 

In all R-1 and R-2 Occupancies, with building 
heights exceeding 50 feet, which are required to have 
an operable elevator per the Fire Code, said buildings 
shall have at least one operating elevator for the 
residential occupants use. 



1/01/2008 33 



Fig. 712 



2007 SAN FRANCISCO HOUSING CODE 



FIGURE 712 
TYPICAL MULTI UNIT DWELLING GAS METER INSTALLATION 



TYPICAL MULTI UNIT DWELLING 
GAS METER INSTALLATION 




r±^ 



INDrVTDUAL UNnr 
GAS SHUT OFF VALVE 



MAIN BUILDING 



GAS SHUT OFF VALVE 

IF YOU SMELL GAS 

Your gas can be turned off at the main shut-off valve next to your gas meter. 

Using a wrench or other sui:able tool, give the valve a quarter turn in either 

direction; the valve is closed when the tang (the part you put the wrench on) 

is crosswise to the pipe. (See illustration). 

To reinstitute gas service, call PG&E or a qualified contractor* 




Gas On 



n n 



e 



u n 



Ga&Off 



SHUTOFF LOCATION 



Posted pursuarrt to Section 712 [Ordinance no. 361-90) of the San Francisco Housing Code. 



34 



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2007 SAN FRANCISCO HOUSING CODE 



800-801 



CHAPTER 8 
EXITS 



Sec. 800. General. 

Sec. 801 . Exits, Stairs and Occupant Load. 

Sec. 802. Stairways and Exit Corridors. 

Sec. 803. Basement Stairways. 

Sec. 804. Reserved. 

Sec. 805. Stairway to Roof. 

Sec. 806. Stairway Enclosures. 

Sec. 807. Smoke Barriers. 

Sec. 808. Elevator Enclosures. 

Sec. 809. Exit Connection from Rear Yard to Street. 

Sec. 810. Unobstructed Means of Egress. 



SEC. 800. GENERAL. 

[Added by Ord. 350-95, App. 11/3/95; amended by 
Ord. 256-07, App. 11/6/07] 

In those buildings constructed or converted to R-1 
or R-2 Occupancy, in which the Building Code, Fire 
Code, or regulations of the State Fire Marshal in effect 
at the time of construction or alteration require 
provisions other than this Code, the Building Code, 
Fire Code, and State Fire Marshal provisions shall 
prevail. 



SEC. 801. EXITS, STAIRS AND OCCUPANT 
LOAD. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 11/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 350-95, App. 1 1/3/95; 
Ord. 256-07, App. 1 1/6/07] 

(a) See Chapters lA, 3 and 10 of the Building 
Code. 

Exit facilities for buildings constructed, altered or 
converted after July 26, 1958 shall comply with the 
codes in effect at the time of construction, alteration or 
conversion, or the provisions of Chapter 10 of the 
Building Code, whichever is the less restrictive, as is 
applicable to that occupancy. 

Exit facilities for buildings constructed, altered or 
converted prior to July 26, 1958 shall meet the 
following minimum requirements listed below, or 
where less than two exits are required shall comply 
with the provisions of Chapter 1 of the Building Code, 
including all requirements of the current Building Code 



for fire resistance and exits, whichever is the less 
restrictive: 

Each of the following buildings now in existence 
shall be provided with access for each dwelling unit or 
guest room to two exits which shall be accessible either 
directly or through a public hallway and shall be so 
located that if access to one be denied, the other shall 
be available: 

(1) In apartment houses, hotels (and 
two-family dwellings per Section 3 1 0.4 of the Building 
Code). 

Where exits are arranged so that one exit 
must be passed to get to the other, intervening 
doorways between any exit doorway on a dead-end 
corridor more than 20 feet in depth and the main exit 
corridor shall be provided with a three-quarter-hour 
opening protector or a sprinkler head located on the 
room side of the doorways as well as in the dead-end 
corridor. 

(2) Every single-family dwelling having 
more than two stories in which there are rental units 
shall have not less than two exits from the uppermost 
stories to a floor of occupancy below which has two 
exits to the exterior of the building. 

(3) Every building or usable portion thereof 
shall have at least one exit and shall have not less than 
two exits where the occupant load exceeds the number 
set forth in Table 10 A. In all occupancies floors above 
the first story having an occupant load of more than 10 
shall have not less than two exits. 

(4) In all buildings, in basements, dwelling 
units, and sleeping units below the fourth story, said 
sleeping rooms shall have an emergency egress of 5.7 
square feet with minimum of 20-inch width and 24-inch 
height and a finished height sill not more than 44 
inches above the floor. See Building Code Section 
1026. 

(5) Sleeping rooms below the fourth story 
shall have at least one operable window or exterior 
door approved for emergency escape or rescue. The 
units shall be operable from the inside to provide a ftiU 
clear opening without the use of separate tools. 
Buildings with additional stories shall provide egress 
per Chapter 10 of the Building Code. 



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801-805 



2007 SAN FRANCISCO HOUSING CODE 



EXCEPTIONS: 

(i) Except as provided in Table No. 
lOA of the Building Code, only one exit shall be 
required from the second floor within an individual 
unit. 

(ii) Two or more dwelling units on the 
second story may have access to only one common exit 
when the total occupant load does not exceed 10. 

(b) Exit Doors Require Manual Release. In all 
one and two-family dwellings, apartment houses, and 
hotels, required means of egress doors, including 
security gates, must be equipped with an approved 
manual release mechanism that shall be operable from 
the inside without the use of a key, tool or any special 
knowledge or effort. 

(c) Security Bars Require Manual Release. In 
all one and two-family dwellings, apartment houses, 
and hotels, security bars installed over an exterior 
window or door required for emergency rescue from a 
sleeping room, must be equipped with an approved 
manual release mechanism that shall be operable from 
the inside without the use of a key, tool or any special 
knowledge or effort. 



SEC. 802. STAIRWAYS AND EXIT CORRTOGRS. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 1 1/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 256-07, App. 1 1/6/07] 

(a) Exit Corridors. Exit corridors in buildings 
constructed, altered or converted prior to July 26, 1 95 8, 
shall have a minimum width of 30 inches. 

(b) Stairways. Stairways in buildings altered or 
converted for use as an apartment house or hotel prior 
to July 26, 1958 shall have a minimum width of 30 
inches. The rise and run of stairways need not be 
changed if part of the original building construction, 
except that is such buildings constructed, altered or 
converted after May 31, 1917 winding stairways are 
prohibited unless only used as a means of egress. 

(c) Stairway Handrails. Every stairway shall 
have at least one handrail. All stairways more than 44 
inches in width shall have handrails for each side, and 
every stairway required to be more than 88 inches in 
width shall have intermediate handrails dividing the 



stairway into portions not more than 66 inches in 
width. See also Chapter 10 of the San Francisco 
Building Code. 

EXCEPTION: Existing stairways in one-family 
and tv/o-family dwellings shall have at least one 
handrail. 

(d) Closets and Storage Areas Under Stairs. 
Closets and storage areas under stairs in Group R, 
Divisions 1 and 2 Occupancies shall conform to 
Section 1009.5.3 of the Building Code. 



SEC. 803. BASEMENT STAIRWAYS. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 11/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 256-07, App. 1 1/6/07] 

See Section 1020.1.5 except as follows: 

Every stairway to a basement in existing apartment 
houses and hotels three or more stories in height shall 
be enclosed. 

Unrated doors on existing enclosures may be 
covered in an approved manner with 24 gauge 
galvanized iron and be made self-closing in lieu of the 
required opening protectors. 

Basements having direct access to a street need 
only be provided with an enclosure at the top of the 
stairs. 



SEC. 804. RESERVED 



SEC. 805. STAIRWAY TO ROOF. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 11/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 350-95, App. 11/3/95; 
Ord. 256-07, App. 11/6/07] 

See Section 1009.1 1 of the Building Code, except 
as othejrwise approved. 

Stairway Penthouse Doors. See Section 1008 of 
the Building Code for installation of new doors and 
their construction requirements. The door to the roof 
from the penthouse or roof structure shall be 
self-closing, shall open outward, and shall be covered 
on the roof side and edges with tin or other approved 
metal. No stair penthouse door in any hotel or 
apartm(jnt house shall at any time be locked with a key, 
but may be fastened on the inside by a movable bolt or 
lock. 



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2007 SAN FRANCISCO HOUSING CODE 



806 - 809 



SEC. 806. STAIRWAY ENCLOSXJRES. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, app. 1 1/6/89; amended by Ord. 
161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 256-07, App. 1 1/6/07] 

(a) Required. Every existing interior public 
stairway in an apartment house or hotel three or more 
stories in height shall be enclosed as set forth in this 
Section or with smoke barriers or shall be provided 
with sprinklers as set forth in Section 807. See also 
Section 504, Subsection (d). 

(b) Accessibility. Access to the stairway shall be 
available at each story level served by the stairway 
through a doorway. When opening from an exit 
corridor, the door shall swing in the direction of exit 
travel. 



SEC. 807. SMOKE BARRIERS. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 11/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 350-95, App. 1 1/3/95; 
Ord. 256-07, App. 11/6/07] 

In buildings in which an existing Group R, 
Division 1 or 2 Occupancy is located on three or more 
stories and which does not have exit directly accessible 
from within each apartment or guest room without 
entering an exit corridor, every interior public stairway 
shall be enclosed as set forth in Section 806 of this 
Code or shall be provided with a smoke barrier and 
smoke stop door, as hereinafter described, to prevent 
fire and smoke from spreading, thereby cutting off the 
exit. 

When a hotel room or apartment opens directly 
upon the stairway so that the smoke barrier does not 
afford said room or apartment protection, said hotel 
room or apartment shall have a one- 
and-three-eighths-inch solid core wood door, an 
incombustible surfaced door or other similar approved 
door construction. Doors shall be equipped with an 
approved self-closing device. 

The smoke barrier and smoke stop door shall be 
located where directed by the Director and shall be 
constructed as follows: 

(1) hi Type IV and V (V-A and V-B) 
buildings, the smoke barrier may consist of partitions 
containing wire glass with solid core wood smoke stop 
doors. The doors shall be not less than one and 
three-eighths-inch thick, three feet wide, and six feet 
eight inches high equipped with an approved 
self-closing device. The smoke barrier may be of any 



approved similar construction except that wood panels 
and similar combustible materials shall not be 
permitted. 

(2) In other than Type IV and V (V-A and 
V-B) buildings, the smoke barrier partitions shall be 
entirely of incombustible construction except for the 
smoke stop door and the trim and except that wire glass 
lights in the partition shall be permitted. The smoke 
stop door may be an unrated, solid-core wood door not 
less than one and three-eighths inch thick, three feet in 
width and six feet eight inches in height equipped with 
an approved self-closing device and may have wire 
glass lights therein. 

Smoke barrier doors may be held in an open 
position to allow for the necessary corridor ventilation, 
provided the means of holding the doors open include 
a smoke detection device and a heat activated device or 
a product of combustion detector connected to the 
restraining mechanism so that the doors are released 
upon the detection of smoke in the area or upon failure 
of the mechanism. There shall be no other means of 
preventing the doors from closing. The system shall be 
approved by the Director of the Department of Building 
Inspection. 



SEC. 808. ELEVATOR ENCLOSURES. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 11/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 256-07, App. 1 1/6/07] 
In existing apartment houses and hotels, all 
elevator shafts shall be completely enclosed by walls 
and partitions of incombustible surface construction 
with doors constructed of one-and-three-eighths-inch 
solid-core wood, wire-glass set in steel frames, 
steel-clad hollow-core wood or similar approved 
materials. Elevator shafts shall be ventilated as set forth 
in Section 3004 of the Building Code. 



SEC. 809. EXIT CONNECTION FROM REAR 
YARD TO STREET. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 1 1/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 256-07, App. 1 1/6/07] 

See Chapter lA of this Code. 

A rear yard to street passageway shall be provided 
for any building constructed or converted for use as an 
apartment house after 1909 in which there is an exit or 
means of egress terminating in the rear yard. Such 



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809-810 



2007 SAN FRANCISCO HOUSING CODE 



passageways may be unprotected if constructed prior to 
September 1, 1917. For buildings constructed or 
converted after September 1,1917 and prior to July 26, 
1958, existing plaster on wood lath, existing galvanized 
metal over solid sheathing, or an approved automatic 
sprinkler system will be acceptable in lieu of the 
one-hour fire-resistive construction required. Openings 
into passageways shall be protected by covering wood 
doors with 24 gauge galvanized metal, installing wire 
glass in windows, or providing automatic sprinkler 
heads over each opening on the side opposite the 
passageway. 



SEC. 810. UNOBSTRUCTED MEANS OF 
EGRESS. 

[Added by Ord. 192-02, App. 9/17/02; amended by 
Ord. 256-07, App. 11/6/07] 

(a) Required. Obstructions, including storage, 
shall not be placed in the required width of a means of 
egress, except projections as allowed by the Building 
Code. Means of egress shall not be obstructed in any 
manner and shall remain free of any material or matter 
where its presence would obstruct or render the means 
of egress hazardous. 



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2007 SAN FRANCISCO HOUSING CODE 



900-902 



CHAPTER 9 
FIRE PROTECTION 



Sec. 900. General. 

Sec. 90 1 . Fire Alarms. 

Sec. 902. Fire Alarm Systems. 

Sec. 903. Wet Standpipes. 

Sec. 904. Automatic Sprinkler Systems. 

Sec. 905. Portable Fire Extinguishers. 

Sec. 906. Automatic Sprinklers. 

Sec. 907. Location of Equipment. 

Sec. 908. Maintenance and Repair. 

Sec. 909. Smoke Detection and Alarm Systems. 

Sec. 910. Reserved. 

Sec. 911. Single-Station Smoke Detector with 

Alarm Required. 

Sec. 912. Self-closing Doors. 



SEC. 900. GENERAL. 

[Added by Ord. 350-95, App. 11/3/95; amended by 
Ord. 256-07, App. 1 1/6/07] 

In those buildings constructed or converted to R-1 
or R-2 Occupancy, in which the Building Code, Fire 
Code, or regulations of the State Fire Marshal in effect 
at the time of construction or alteration require 
provisions other than this Code, the Building Code, 
Fire Code, and State Fire Marshal provisions shall 
prevail. 



SEC. 901. FIRE ALARMS. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 1 1/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 256-07, App. 1 1/6/07] 

(a) Fire Alarms. See Section 907 of the Building 
Code. 

(b) Exclusive Use. No signal system or 
intercommunicating system used for any purpose other 
than fire warning meets with the requirements of this 
chapter. 

(c) Installation. Installation, inspection and 
maintenance of the fire alarm system shall be according 
to the Fire Code. 

(d) Locations. Stations for operating any 
manually operated fire alarm system shall be placed 



immediately adjacent to the telephone switchboard, if 
there is a switchboard, and at such other location as 
may be approved. 

(e) Fire alarm systems in existing buildings shall 
be extended or altered to provide adequate warning of 
fire to all habitable areas of the building when new 
construction or the addition of stair enclosures or 
smoke barriers render the alarm system inadequate. 



SEC. 902. FIRE ALARM SYSTEMS. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 1 1/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 350-95, App. 1 1/3/95; 
Ord. 256-07, App. 1 1/(5/07] 

Except in those buildings constructed or converted 
to R-1 or R-2 Occupancy in which the Building Code 
and/or Fire Code in effect at the time of construction or 
alteration require other provisions, a manual and 
automatic approved fire alarm system shall be installed 
in apartment houses that were constructed after 
December 31, 1988 that are three or more stories in 
height or contain six or more units and in hotels three 
or more stories in height or containing six or more 
guest rooms, in accordance with the Fire Code and the 
Electrical Code. 

EXCEPTIONS: 

( 1 ) Fire alarm systems need not be installed 
in buildings not over two stories in height when all 
individual dwelling units and contiguous attic and 
crawl spaces are separated from each other and from 
public or common areas by at least one-hour 
fire-resistive occupancy separations and each 
individual dwelling unit or guest room has an exit 
direct to a public way, exit court or yard, exterior 
stairway or exterior exit balcony. 

(2) A separate fire alarm system need not be 
installed in buildings which are protected throughout 
by an approved supervised fire sprinkler system 
installed in accordance with Chapter 9 of the Building 
Code and having a local alarm to notify all occupants. 

NOTE: See Health and Safety Code Section 
1 3 1 1 3 .7 and 1 3 1 1 3 .8 for other fire alarm requirements. 



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39 



903 - 904 



2007 SAN FRANCISCO HOUSING CODE 



SEC. 903. WET STANDPIPES. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 1 1/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 350-95, App. 1 1/3/95; 
Ord. 256-07, App. 1 1/6/07] 

See Chapter 9 of the Building Code for wet and 
dry standpipe requirements. 

Buildings constructed, altered or converted prior 
to July 26, 1958, required to have wet standpipes may 
be provided with dry standpipes in lieu of the wet 
standpipes when approved by the Director and the Fire 
Marshal. 



SEC. 904. AUTOMATIC SPRINKLER SYSTEM. 

[Added by Order 399-89, App. 1 1/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 170-02, App. 7/22/02 
(effective retroactive to 6/30/02); Ord. 256-07, App. 
1 1/6/07] 

(a) Where Required. In any apartment house or 
hotel, any compartment or room in the basement 
containing more than 1 ,800 square feet of floor area, or 
any compartment or room in such a building used for 
storing or using combustible or flammable materials, 
shall be equipped with an automatic sprinkler system of 
a type designed and installed according to the 
provisions of Chapter 9 of the Building Code. 
Automatic sprinkler systems designed and installed 
according to the provisions of Chapter 9 of the 
Building Code shall be furnished and installed in all 
hotels as required by this Code. 

EXCEPTIONS: 

( 1 ) Any automatic sprinkler system required 
by this Section to be installed in an existing hotel 
pursuant to this Code shall not be required to have an 
on-site water supply. 

(2) Any automatic sprinkler system required 
by this Section to be installed in an existing hotel 
pursuant to this Code may utilize existing standpipes as 
approved by the Director and the Fire Marshal. 

(3) Any automatic sprinkler system required 
by this Section to be installed in a maid's closet, or 
similar area, or a floor containing guest rooms in a 
hotel shall meet the following criteria: (a) Such system 
may be connected to a domestic water system, 
regardless of the number of maids closets, or similar 
areas, in the hotel, as long as there is a minimum 
pressure of 1 5 p.s.i. at each sprinkler head; (b) only one 



sprinkler head need be installed in each such maid's 
closet, or similar area; and (c) no such system need be 
connected to the building's sprinkler alarm system. 

(4) Any automatic sprinkler system required 
by this Section to be installed in an existing hotel 
pursuant to this Code (a) shall, in the event that such 
existing hotel is already equipped with a supervised 
automaitic sprinkler system, be connected to such 
existing other system for purposes of supervision only, 
or (b) shall, in the event that such existing hotel is not 
already equipped with a supervised automatic sprinkler 
system, be connected to a local alarm located at the 
front desk or other approved location. 

(b) Domestic Water System. The sprinkler 
system in an area having less than 1,800 square feet 
may be connected to a domestic water system if the 
water supply and pressure conform to the provisions of 
Chapter 9 of the Building Code. 

(c) Exceptions. 

( 1 ) Boiler rooms, central heating rooms and 
bank vaults are excluded from this chapter. 

(2) Compartments or rooms in the basement 
of apartment houses containing four or less dwelling 
units, provided that there are no mattresses, upholstered 
furniture, or loose storage contained therein, are 
excluded from this chapter, 

(d) In existing Group R, Division 1 and 2 
Occupancies with enclosed stairways in which an 
approved partial automatic sprinkler system is to be 
installed to satisfy the requirements of the Housing 
Code, the design of the system shall be based on all the 
following additional design criteria: 

(1) The computations shall be based upon 
the most remote locations of sprinkler heads. 

(2) The sprinkler water service size and riser 
size shall be determined by adding the total number of 
sprinkler heads on the floor requiring the greatest 
number of heads, plus one-half of the total number on 
the floor with the same or next greatest number of 
heads, plus the total number of all heads in all open 
stairwells. 

(3) The maximum water supply required 
will be that necessary to supply 13 sprinkler heads. 

(4) There shall be a minimum pressure of 1 5 
p.s.i. at each sprinkler head and delivery shall be a 
minimum of 22 g.p.m. from each head. 



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2007 SAN FRANCISCO HOUSING CODE 



904 - 906 



(5) Piping and spacing of sprinkler lieads 
shall be based on ordinary Hazard Schedule of NFPA 
13, in accordance with the Building Code. 

(e) Residential Hotels. An automatic sprinkler 
system, designed in accordance with NFPA 13 (1999 
Edition), shall be installed throughout the residential 
occupancy of every residential hotel building existing 
on October 16, 2001, and which contains 20 or more 
guest rooms, as defined in the California Building 
Code. "Residential hotel" for purposes of this 
Subsection shall mean each and every hotel for which 
a certificate of use for any residential units has been 
issued pursuant to San Francisco Administrative Code 
Chapter 41. The design criteria for the installation of 
the sprinkler system shall be approved by the San 
Francisco Fire Department and shall comply with 
NFPA 13 (1999 Edition). Those buildings that have 
installed a sprinkler system prior to August 20, 2001, 
that complies with a previous NFPA standard shall be 
exempt from this Subsection. Where a partial sprinkler 
system has been previously installed in a building 
subject to this Section, the design criteria for such 
existing sprinkler system, or any new system, may be 
approved or modified by the Chief of the San Francisco 
Fire Department or his/her authorized representative. 
Property owners who are subject to the requirements of 
this Subsection shall be prohibited from relocating 
tenants for the sole purpose of complying with this 
Subsection. Residential hotels subject to this 
Subsection must submit a building permit application 
and plans to the Department of Building Inspection and 
the Fire Department by September 1, 2002, and 
complete the fire sprinkler installation as required 
within Subsection (a) and (b) by December 31, 2002. 
All buildings governed by this Subsection which fail to 
comply with the September 1, 2002, filing deadline 
shall remain regulated by the original sprinkler 
installation deadline of June 30, 2002, and subject to 
immediate code enforcement action. 



SEC. 905. PORTABLE FIRE EXTINGUISHERS. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 1 1/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 350-95, App. 1 1/3/95; 
Ord. 256-07, App. 1 1/6/07] 

For distribution requirements see the San 
Francisco Fire Code, 



Every extinguisher shall be kept in a serviceable 
condition at all times. 

A foam type of extinguisher shall be recharged at 
least once each year, and the date of recharge shall be 
placed on an attached tag. 



SEC. 906. AUTOMATIC SPRINKLERS. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 11/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 192-02, App. 9/17/02; 
Ord. 256-07, App. 11/6/07] 

Automatic sprinklers shall be installed in: 

(1) All existing garbage chutes within 
buildings four stories or less, except in dwellings, at the 
discharge end of the chute and immediately above the 
top of the highest hopper inlet, not to exceed 35 feet 
between heads; 

(2) All existing garbage chutes within 
buildings five or more stories in addition to the 
requirements in item (1) of this section at every hopper 
inlet. If the hopper inlet opens directly into a public 
hall without an intervening door, a sprinkler head is to 
be installed on every floor above each hopper inlet; 

(3) All laundry chutes except for dwellings; 

(4) All garbage, trash and soiled linen rooms 
or compartments except in dwellings. Total number to 
be determined by area. The sprinkler head is to be set 
for 135 degrees; 

(5) In all public areas of hotels not 
otherwise required to be sprinklered by this code. For 
purposes of this Section, the term "public areas" shall 
be defined to include only the following types of areas: 

(i) Lobby areas, 

(ii) Ballrooms, 

(iii) Meeting rooms (excepting, 
however, those rooms which are used as meeting rooms 
on a temporary basis), 

(iv) Restaurants and other areas 
generally used for the purpose of serving food to the 
public, 

(v) Bars and cocktail lounges, 

(vi) Night clubs and similar areas, 
(vii) Retail shops and similar areas 
(excepting, however, those retail shops and similar 
areas which are separated from the rest of the hotel by 
a fire-rated wall (such wall may contain openings as 
long as each opening is the equivalent of a one-hour 



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906 - 909 



2007 SAN FRANCISCO HOUSING CODE 



fire-rate assembly) and which (a) opens directly to the 
exterior of the building through a sprinkler protected 
corridor not more than 25 feet from the street and 
having a token sprinkler head on the retail shop side of 
the opening into such corridor), and 

(viii) Corridors connecting any two or 
more public areas as defined in this Section. 



SEC. 907. LOCATION OF EQUIPMENT. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 1 1/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 350-95, App. 11/3/95; 
Ord. 256-07, App. 11/6/07] 

Standpipes, automatic sprinkler systems, 
automatic fire alarm systems, fire escapes and all fire 
protective equipment shall be constructed, located and 
installed as required by Chapter 9 of the Building Code 
and as approved by the Director, and location of 
standpipes shall be approved by the Bureau of Fire 
Prevention. 



SEC. 908. MAINTENANCE AND REPAIR. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 1 1/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 192-02, App. 9/17/02; 
Ord. 256-07, App. 11/6/07] 

All safety devices or equipment provided for in 
this chapter shall be maintained in good repair at all 
times. Fire escapes shall be kept clear and unobstructed 
and be readily accessible at all times. Upon inspection, 
the property owner, or authorized agent, shall 
demonstrate to the Director or designated personnel, 
that all existing fire escapes are fully operational and 
properly maintained. Upon completion of the 
inspection, all existing fire escapes shall be secured 
pursuant to Section 1110.3.1. of the San Francisco Fire 
Code. 



SEC. 909. SMOKE DETECTION AND ALARM 
SYSTEMS. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 1 1/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 350-95, App. 11/3/95; 
Ord. 320-99, App. 11/22/99; Ord. 256-07, App. 
1 1/6/07] 

(a) All occupancies in buildings which are three 
or more stories in height or in buildings having five or 



more dwelling units, or six or more guest rooms, or a 
combination of dwelling units and guest rooms six or 
more in number, shall be provided with a smoke 
detection and alarm system as provided herein. 
EXCEPTIONS: 

( 1 ) Buildings of Type I (I-A) or Type H (I-B, 
II-A, II-B) construction. 

(2) Buildings having a sprinkler system 
conforming as a minimum with the requirements of 
Section 807 of the San Francisco Housing Code. 

(3) Existing buildings having smoke 
detectors in all individual dwelling units which are 
installed prior to March 1 , 1 977, in conformity with the 
requirements for fire-warning systems in effect on that 
date, and maintained in conformity with applicable 
provisions of the Fire Code. 

(4) Buildings in which all individual 
dwelling units and guest rooms have access to the 
exterior at ground level without use of any interior 
public hallway or any interior public stairway. Access 
to a fire escape shall not qualify for this exception. 

(b) All required smoke detection and alarm 
systems shall be installed and maintained in conformity 
with the following requirements: 

(1) All smoke detectors shall be located in 
accordance with an approved plan in all public 
corridors and public stairways. Such detectors shall be 
located not more than 30 feet apart and shall be located 
within 1 5 feet of a corridor wall or the end of the 
corridor. There shall be one detector at the top of each 
public stairway and an additional detector in such 
stairway at every third floor below the top of such 
stairway. All required smoke detector and alarm 
systems shall be approved by the Director and the Fire 
Department. 

All required smoke detector and alarm 
systems installed prior to January 1, 1989, shall 
conform to applicable requirements of the National Fire 
Protection Association Standards 72-A, 1981 Edition 
and 72- E, 1981 Edition, except that where there is a 
conflict between the provisions and this Section, the 
provisions of this Section shall prevail. As an alternate, 
smoke detector and alarm systems may comply with the 
1988 San Francisco Building and Electrical Codes. 

(2) All audible devices activated by the 
operation of any required smoke detector shall be 
installed in an approved location and shall emit a loud 



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909 - 909 



continuous alarm clearly audible in all occupied areas 
of the building. 

All required heat detectors shall be connected 
to the audible devices of all required smoke detection 
and alarm systems located and supervised as required 
under this Code, and such heat detectors shall be 
operationally interconnected to such systems. 

EXCEPTION: Heat detectors are not required 
in: 

(i) Buildings of Type I or Type 11 
construction; 

(ii) Buildings having a sprinkler system 
conforming as a minimum with the requirements of 
Section 807 of the Housing Code; 

(iii) Existing buildings having smoke 
detectors in all individual dwelling units which were 
installed prior to March 1, 1977, in conformity with the 
requirements for smoke detectors in effect on that date, 
and maintained in conformity with applicable 
provisions of the Fire Code; 

(iv) Buildings in which all individual 
dwelling units and guest rooms have access to the 
exterior at ground level without use of any interior 
public hallway or any interior public stairway access to 
a fire escape which shall not qualify for this exception; 

(v) Buildings having three-quarter-hour 
opening protectors in each inner court or having a 
sprinkler head at each window of such inner court. 

Notwithstanding the provisions of Section 104, 
nothing in this Section is intended to authorize heat 
detectors as an alternative material or method to 
any required sprinkler, fire alarm, or other fire safety 
device, 

(3) Where there is no fire alarm system as 
required under Section 907 of the San Francisco 
Building Code, a manual fire alarm pull box capable of 
activating audible devices of required smoke detectors 
shall be installed in an approved location near the main 
entrance of the building. 

(4) All required smoke detectors and alarm 
systems shall receive their power supply from the 
building electrical system. All such systems shall be 
electrically supervised locally for system malfunction 
and power supply interruption. "Supervision" shall 
consist of the following elements, or those 
"supervision" provisions provided by standard industry 
supervision panel boxes as approved by the State Fire 
Marshal: 



(i) A green indicator light to indicate 
that the system is in a functional condition. 

(ii) A blinking red indicator light and 
an audible device to provide a warning when there is a 
malfunction or power supply interruption. Such audible 
device shall be provided with a silencing switch which 
shall automatically reset when function of the system or 
power supply to the system is reestablished. 

(iii) A sign located in the interior of the 
building near the main entrance. Such sign shall be 
readily visible. Indicator lights required under this 
Subparagraph (b)(4) shall be located in the center of 
such sign, the top of which shall announce, "FIRE 
ALARM SYSTEM," and the bottom of which shall 
announce, "OPERATING," and "TROUBLE" below 
the green and red lights, respectively. All letters 
forming such announcements shall be at least one-half 
inch in height. 

(5) Similar supervisory indicating devices 
existing at the time of adoption of this ordinance shall 
be deemed in compliance with this Section if approved 
by the Director and the San Francisco Fire Department. 

(c) Upon completion of the installation of any 
system required under this Section, the installer of such 
system shall provide to the Director, in a form 
acceptable, a certification that the system is operational 
and functioning. 

(d) All required smoke detection and alarm 
systems shall be maintained as required by the Fire 
Code. 

(e) Where an approved fire alarm system is 
required under Section 3 10.14.12 of the San Francisco 
Building Code, such fire alarm system shall be 
operationally interconnected with any required smoke 
detection and alarm system such that the fire alarm 
bells shall be activated by either system. All audible 
devices of any approved fire alarm system shall 
conform to the requirements of this Section. 

(f) Where a sprinkler alarm bell is required 
under Chapter 9, the sprinkler shall also be 
interconnected to both the fire alarm system and the 
smoke detection and alarm system. 

(g) Notwithstanding the provisions of Section 
104, nothing in this Section is intended to authorize 
smoke detection and alarm systems as an alternative 
material or method to any required sprinkler, fire alarm 
or other fire safety device. 



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SEC. 910. RESERVED. 



SEC. 911. SINGLE-STATION SMOKE 
DETECTOR WITH ALARM REQUIRED. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 11/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 350-95, App. 1 1/3/95; 
Ord. 256-07, App. 11/6/07] 

(a) A single-station smoke detector with alarm 
shall be installed within each dwelling unit and guest 
room in all Group R, Division 1, 2, and 3 Occupancies 
within three years of the date of adoption of this 
ordinance. The detector with alarm shall be furnished 
and installed as required by Section 907.2. 1 of the San 
Francisco Building Code, Buildings which are certified 
by the Director as having installed the smoke and heat 
detection and alarm systems required under Section 
909 and 910 of this Code and Section 907.2. lO.of the 
San Francisco Building Code, and buildings which are 
equipped with an approved automatic sprinkler system 
installed throughout in accordance with Chapter 9 of 
the San Francisco Building Code are exempt from the 
requirements of this Section. Except as noted below, 
battery-operated detectors are not acceptable. Buildings 
built prior to July 17, 1977, which have an approved 
smoke detector connected to the dwelling unit or guest 
room wiring, may be accepted provided that a licensed 
electrical contractor certifies that such detector and 
alarm in each unit complies with this Section. 

EXCEPTIONS: 

(1) In single-family dwellings and 
two-family dwellings, a single-station smoke detector 
with alarm, energized either by the electrical system of 
the dwelling unit or by battery power, shall comply 
with this Section. 

(2) No smoke detector shall be required in 
a hotel pursuant to this Section or Section 310.9.1 (or 
any subsection thereof) of the Building Code with 
respect to any hotel that is fully sprinklered in 
accordance with NFPA Recommended Standard No. 
101, Life Safety Code. For purposes of this exception, 
a "fully sprinklered" hotel may include unsprinklered 
guest room bathrooms which are in excess of 55 square 
feet in area but which do not contain permanently 
installed combustible plastic vanity table or 
bath-shower fixtures. 

(b) Property owners shall supply proof of 
compliance by following the procedures set forth in 
Section 907.2.10 of the Building Code. 



2007 SAN FRANCISCO HOUSING CODE 



(c) The building owner shall be responsible for 
the installation, testing and maintenance of the detector 
after installation. All such testing and maintenance 
shall be performed in accordance with the 
manufacturer's recommendations. 



SEC. 912. SELF-CLOSING DOORS. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 11/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 350-95, App. 1 1/3/95; 
Ord. 256-07, App. 11/6/07] 

Every door between hotel guest room, community 
kitchen, or community toilet room and the immediately 
adjacent corridor on floors containing guest rooms shall 
be equipped with an approved self-closing, or 
equivalent, device which may consist of a 
spring-loaded hinge. 



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1001-1001 



CHAPTER 10 
SUBSTANDARD BUILDINGS 



Sec. 1001. General. 

Sec. 1002. Additional Substandard Conditions: 

Electrical Outlets, Elevators, and Illegal 
Conversion of Residential Hotels. 



SEC. 1001. GENERAL. 

[Amended by Ord. 256-07, App. 1 1/6/07] 

(a) Any residential building or portion thereof, as 
defined by California Health and Safety Code, Division 
13, Part 1.5, State Housing Lav^, Sections 17920.3 et 
seq., including any dwelling units, guest room or suite 
of rooms, or the premises on which the same is located, 
in which there exists any of the conditions enumerated 
in this chapter to an extent that endangers the life, limb, 
health, property, safety or welfare of the public or the 
occupants thereof shall be deemed and hereby is 
declared to be a substandard building. 

(b) Inadequate Sanitation and Safety. 
Inadequate sanitation and safety, including: 

(1) Lack of, or improper water closet, 
lavatory, and bath tub or shower in a dwelling unit; 

(2) Lack of, or improper water closets, 
lavatories, and bath tubs or showers per number of 
guests in a hotel; 

(3) Lack of, or improper kitchen sink in a 
dwelling unit; 

(4) Lack of hot and cold running water to 
plumbing fixtures in a hotel or lodging house; 

(5) Lack of hot and cold running water to 
plumbing fixtures in a dwelling unit; 

(6) Lack of adequate heating facilities or 
improper operation thereof; 

(7) Lack of, or improper operation of 
required ventilating equipment; 

(8) Lack of minimum amounts of natural 
light and ventilation required by this Code; 

(9) Room and space dimensions less than 
required by this Code; 

(10) Lack of required electrical illumination; 

(11) Dampness of habitable rooms. 

( 1 2) Infestation of insects, vermin or rodents; 

(13) General dilapidation or improper 
maintenance. 



(14) Lack of connection to required sewage 
disposal system; 

(15) Lack of adequate garbage and rubbish 
storage and removal facilities; 

(c) Structural Hazards. Structural hazards shall 
include, but not be limited to the following: 

( 1 ) Deteriorated or inadequate foundations; 

(2) Defective or deteriorated flooring or 
floor supports; 

(3) Flooring or floor supports of insufficient 
size to carry imposed loads with safety; 

(4) Members of walls, partitions or other 
vertical supports that split, lean, list or buckle due to 
defective material or deterioration; 

(5) Members of walls, partitions, or other 
vertical supports that are of insufficient size to carry 
imposed loads with safety; 

(6) Members of ceilings, roofs, ceiling and 
roof supports or other horizontal members which sag, 
split or buckle due to defective material or 
deterioration; 

(7) Members of ceiling, roofs, ceiling and 
roof supports or other horizontal members that are of 
insufficient size to carry imposed loads with safety; 

(8) Fireplaces or chimney which list, bulge, 
or settle due to defective material or deterioration; 

(9) Fireplaces or chimneys which are of 
insufficient size or strength to carry imposed loads with 
safety; 

(d) Nuisance. Any nuisance as defined in this 
Code. See Section 401. 

(e) Hazardous Wiring. 

( 1 ) All wiring except that which conformed 
with all applicable laws in effect at the time of 
installation or the laws in effect at the time of any 
subsequent alterations and which has been maintained 
in good and safe condition and working properly. 

(f) Hazardous Plumlbing. All plumbing except 
that which conformed with all applicable laws in effect 
at the time of installation or the laws in effect at the 
time of any subsequent alterations and which has been 
maintained in good condition and which is free of 
cross-connections and siphonage between fixtures. 



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2007 SAN FRANCISCO HOUSING CODE 



(g) Hazardous Mechanical Equipment. All 

mechanical equipment, including vents, except that 
which conformed with all applicable laws in effect at 
the time of installation or the laws in effect at the time 
of any subsequent alterations and which has been 
maintained in good and safe condition, 
(h) Faulty Weather Protection. 

( 1 ) Deteriorated, crumbling or loose plaster; 

(2) Deteriorated or ineffective 
waterproofing or weather protection of exterior walls, 
roof, foundations or floors, including broken windows 
or doors; 

(3) Defective or lack of weather protection 
for exterior wall coverings including lack of paint, or 
weathering due to lack of paint or other approved 
protective covering. 

(4) Broken, rotted, split or buckled exterior 
wall or roof covering. 

(i) Fire Hazard. Any building or portion 
thereof, device, apparatus, equipment, combustible 
waste, or vegetation which is in such a condition as to 
cause a fire or explosion or provide a ready fuel to 
augment the spread and intensity of fire or explosion 
arising from any cause. 

(j) Faulty Materials of Construction. All 
materials of construction except those which are 
specifically allowed or approved by the Building Code, 
and which have been adequately maintained in good 
and safe condition. 

(k) Hazardous or Insanitary Premises. Those 
premises on which an accumulation of weeds, 
vegetation, junk, dead organic matter, debris, garbage, 
offal, rat harborages, stagnant water, combustible 
materials and similar materials or conditions constitute 
fire, health, life or safety hazards. 

(1) Inadequate Maintenance. Any building or 
portion thereof which is determined to be an unsafe 
building in accordance with Section 102A of the 
Building Code. 

(m) Inadequate Exit. All buildings or portions 
thereof not provided with adequate exits as defined in 
Chapter 10 of the Building Code. When it is 
determined by the Director that an unsafe condition 
exists through lack of or improper location of exits, 
additional exits may be required to be installed. 

(n) Inadequate Fire Protection Equipment. All 
buildings or portions thereof which are not provided 
with the fire-resistive construction or fire-protection 
systems or equipment required by this Code. 



(o) Improper Occupancy. All buildings or 
portions thereof occupied for living, sleeping, cooking 
or eating purposes which were not designed or intended 
to be used for such occupancies. 

(p) Inadequate structural resistance to horizontal 
forces. 



SEC. 1002. ADDITIONAL SUBSTANDARD 
CONDITIONS: ELECTRICAL OUTLETS, 
ELEVATORS, AND ILLEGAL CONVERSION 
OF Ri:SIDENTIAL HOTELS. 

[Amended by Ord. 192-02, App. 9/17/02; Ord. 256-07, 
App. 11/6/07] 

In addition to the provisions set forth in Section 
1001 of this chapter prescribed by California Health 
and Safety Code, Division 13, Part 1.5, State Housing 
Law, Sections 1 7920.3 et seq., the following conditions 
are considered substandard: 

(a) Electrical Outlets. Habitable rooms and 
kitchens with insufficient number of electrical 
convenience outlets as required by Section 504 of this 
Code. 

(b) Elevators. Lack of elevator service as 
required by Section 713 of this Code. 

(c) Illegal Conversion of Residential Hotels. 
Illegal conversion of any residential unit of a 
residential hotel, or improper recordkeeping as defined 
and required by Chapter 41 of the San Francisco 
Administrative Code. 

(d ) Mold and Mildevi'. The existence of mold 
and mildew which is chronic or severe as defined by 
Chapter 4 of this code. 



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2007 SAN FRANCISCO HOUSING CODE 1101-1101 



CHAPTER 11 
FINAL COMPLETION AND OCCUPANCY 



Sec. 1101. Certificate of Final Completion. 



SEC. 1101. CERTIFICATE OF FINAL 
COMPLETION. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 11/6/89; amended by 

Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 256-07, App. 1 1/6/07] 

See Sections 1 09A and 3406 of the Building Code. 



1/01/2008 47 



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[This page intentionally left blank] 



48 1/01/2008 



2007 SAN FRANCISCO HOUSING CODE 



1201 - 1204 



CHAPTER 12 
RESIDENTIAL ENERGY CONSERVATION 



Sec. 1201. 


Title. 


Sec. 1202. 


Findings. 


Sec. 1203. 


Intent. 


Sec. 1204. 


Definitions. 


Sec. 1205. 


Energy Inspections. 


Sec. 1206. 


Qualified Energy Inspectors. 


Sec. 1207. 


Proof of Compliance with Minimum 




Energy Conservation Measures. 


Sec. 1208. 


Exemptions and Postponement. 


Sec. 1209. 


Limitation of Expenditure. 


Sec. 1210. 


Energy Conservation Requirements 




Upon Major Improvement, Metering 




Conversion, Residential Condominium 




Conversion, or Complete Inspection. 


Sec. 1211. 


Energy Inspection Requirement at 




Transfer of Title. 


Sec. 1212. 


Required Energy Conservation 




Measures. 


Sec. 1213. 


Appeal from Results of an Energy 




Inspection. 


Sec. 1214. 


Amortization in Rental Property. 


Sec. 1215. 


Civil Remedies. 


Sec. 1216. 


Fees. 


Sec. 1217. 


Rules. 


Sec. 1218. 


Interim Rules. 


Sec. 1219. 


Ordinance Review. 


Sec. 1220. 


Severability. 



SEC. 1201. TITLE. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 1 1/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 256-07, App. 1 1/6/07] 
This Chapter shall be known as the Residential 
Energy Conservation Ordinance. 



SEC. 1202. FINDINGS. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 1 1/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 256-07, App. 1 1/6/07] 
The Board of Supervisors finds that: 
(a) As a result of dependence upon conventional 
sources of energy, the citizens of San Francisco will 
continue to experience rapid increases in the cost of 
home energy and uncertainty as to the availability of 
future home energy supplies. 



(b) Significant opportunities exist for the citizens 
of San Francisco to reduce energy consumption and 
become less dependent on the supply of conventional 
energy for home use, through the installation of proven 
energy conservation technologies in existing homes. 

(c) Conservation of electricity and natural gas is 
essential to the economic security and well-being of the 
people of San Francisco. Conservation reduces overall 
demand for electricity and natural gas and therefor 
helps reduce both the cost of energy and the rate of 
inflation. Benefits to the community as a whole can be 
realized through reduced energy costs as a direct result 
of conservation. These benefits include the lowering of 
housing costs, stimulation of the local economy and 
creation of local jobs. 

(d) While the increasing burden of utility costs 
has stimulated some conservation investment in 
owner-occupied housing, little progress has been made 
in improving energy efficiency in rental housing where 
owners do not pay utility bills or where utility costs are 
included in the rent. Rental housing comprises 
approximately two-thirds of all San Francisco housing. 



SEC. 1203. INTENT. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 1 1/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 256-07, App. 1 1/6/07] 
It is the intent of this ordinance to contribute to the 
affordability of San Francisco housing by promoting 
the wise and efficient use of energy through 
cost-effective energy conservation standards for 
residential housing. It is also the intent to overcome the 
current barriers to energy conservation in rental 
housing and to reduce the impact of rising energy costs 
upon renters. 



SEC. 1204. DEFINITIONS. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 11/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 350-95, App. 11/3/95; 
Ord. 256-07, App. 11/6/07] 

In addition to the definitions contained in Chapter 
4 of this Code, for the purposes of this ordinance the 
following words and phrases shall have the meanings 
ascribed to them by this Section. 



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2007 SAN FRANCISCO HOUSING CODE 



(a) Accessible. There is insufficient space in 
which to install the specified energy conservation 
measure without significant alteration to the structure. 

(b) Accessible Attic Space. A space between a 
ceiling joist and roof rafter where the vertical clear 
height from the top of the bottom chord of the truss or 
ceiling joist to the underside of the roof sheathing at the 
roof ridge is 1 8 inches or greater. 

(c) California Plan for the Residential 
Conservation Service. The plan adopted by the 
California State Energy resources Conservation and 
Development Commission and filed with the U.S. 
Department of Energy on June 4, 1980, as amended in 
January 1 98 1 , to meet the requirements of the National 
Energy Conservation Policy Act of 1978 (Public Law 
95-619, Title II, Parti). 

(d) Complete Inspection. An inspection of the 
entire building done by the Department of Building 
Inspection, including but not limited to: inspection of 
all buildings with "Rl ," "R2," and "R3" occupancies as 
defined in the Building Code pursuant to the 
Department's code enforcement program, inspections 
for RAP loans and inspections for condominium 
conversion. An inspection of only the public areas of a 
building does not constitute a complete inspection. 

(e) Cost-effective. That the contractor installed 
cost of any energy conservation measure amortized 
over its useful life will be equal to or less than the 
amount of money saved by consumers. In figuring the 
cost of an energy conservation measure, the interest 
rate charged at the time of installation is included. 

(f) Escrow. As used herein, an escrow opened 
for the sale and purchase of real residential property 
situated in the City and County of San Francisco. 

(g) Energy Inspection. An inspection of a 
dwelling to determine which energy conservation 
measures required under this ordinance are needed. 

(h) Meter Conversion. The replacement of a 
master meter for electricity or natural gas that serves 
more than one dwelling unit with individual meters that 
serve each dwelling unit separately. 

(i) Residential Building. Any privately owned 
single or multiple unit dwelling, apartment house, 
condominium or other building used for "Rl ," "R2," or 
"R3" occupancy as defined in the Building Code, 
excluding mobile homes, tourist hotels and motels. 



The residential portion of any residential building 
occupied as mixed residential commercial use shall be 
considered a residential building within the meaning of 
this chapter. 

(j) R-value. The measure of the resistance of a 
material or building component to the passage of heat. 
R-value is measured in the United States customary 
units based upon square feet per hour per degree 
Fahrenheit divided by Btu. 

(k) Simple Economic Payback. The time 
needed to recover a conservation investment on the 
basis of expected energy savings at current energy 
costs. Simple economic payback is expressed in years, 
and is calculated by dividing the estimated 
contractor-installed cost of a conservation measure by 
the estimated dollar savings in the first year. Available 
tax credits and future energy costs are not considered in 
the calculation. 

(1) Transfer of Title. The conveyance of title to 
real property by one or more persons as a result of sale 
or exchange, and including the execution of a real 
property sales contract as defined in Section 2985 of 
the California Civil Code and any change of ownership 
described in Subdivisions (c) and (h) of Section 61 and 
Subdivision (c) of Section 64 of the Revenue and 
Taxation Code. 

(mi) Unheated Areas. Any space exposed to 
ambient temperatures and not provided with a heat 
supply capable of maintaining a minimum temperature 
of 50 degrees Fahrenheit. 



SEC. 1205. ENERGY INSPECTIONS. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 11/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 350-95, App. 1 1/3/95; 
Ord. 256-07, App. 1 1/6/07] 

An energy inspection which satisfies the 
requirements of this chapter may be either: 

(a) Any complete inspection by the Department 
of Building Inspection for a residential building; 

(b) Any energy inspection or energy audit 
conducted according to standards established by the 
California Plan for the Residential Conservation 
Service for a residential building containing one or two 
dwelling units. 

(c) Any energy inspection or energy audit by a 
utility v/hose energy inspection or audit program meets 
the requirements of this chapter as determined by the 
Director; or 



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1205-1207 



(d) Any inspection by an inspector authorized by 
Section 1206(a)(2) of this chapter for compliance or 
noncompliance with the energy conservation 
requirements of this chapter. 



SEC. 1206. QUALIFIED ENERGY INSPECTORS. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 1 1/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 350-95, App. 11/3/95; 
Ord. 256-07, App. 1 1/6/07] 

(a) Energy inspections required pursuant to this 
ordinance may only be conducted by one of the 
following: 

(1) A utility energy auditor, or contracting 
representative of a utility, certified by the State under 
the California Plan for the Residential Conservation 
Service; 

(2) A private energy inspector authorized by 
the City and County of San Francisco; or 

(3) An authorized inspector of the 
Department of Building Inspection. 

(b) In addition, private energy inspections may be 
conducted on a contractual basis with the Department 
of Building Inspection under terms and fees to be 
recommended by the Department of Building 
Inspection and established by the Board of Supervisors. 

(c) In reviewing an application for authorization 
to conduct private energy inspections, the Director 
must determine that the applicant has a high level of 
technical competence and objectivity relative to the 
application of this chapter and other provisions of this 
Code and the Building Code relating to energy 
conservation. 

(d) No authorized energy inspector may have a 
direct financial interest in the sale or installation of an 
energy conservation device required under this 
ordinance when inspecting residential buildings 
containing three or more dwelling units. Nor may an 
authorized energy inspector conduct an energy 
inspection on any building in which that inspector has 
an interest. 

(e) The Director shall publish written standards 
and guidelines which shall govern the review of 
applications for authorization to conduct private energy 
inspections. These guidelines shall contain procedures 
for revocation of an authorization to conduct private 
energy inspections where the Director determines that 
the inspector is incompetent or nonobjective. 



SEC. 1207. PROOF OF COMPLIANCE WITH 
MINIMUM ENERGY CONSERVATION 
MEASURES. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 1 1/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 350-95, App. 1 1/3/95; 
Ord. 256-07, App. 11/6/07] 

(a) Contents. The Department of Building 
Inspection shall provide a standardized form suitable 
for conducting a valid energy inspection and certifying 
compliance with the requirements of this ordinance. 
Said form shall contain both an inspection form listing 
energy conservation measures required by the Chapter 
and a compliance certificate. 

(b) Inspection Form. The inspection form shall 
be completed and signed by any qualified inspector and 
furnished to the building owner or the owner's 
authorized agent. The building owner or the owner's 
authorized agent shall file a copy of the signed form 
with the Department of Building Inspection within 15 
days from the date of completing the inspection. 

(c) Certificate of Compliance. When all of the 
energy conservation requirements have been met, the 
certificate of compliance shall be signed by the 
building owner, or the building owner's authorized 
agent, and one of the following: 

( 1 ) A qualified energy inspector pursuant to 
Section 1206; or 

(2) For a residential building containing one 
or two dwelling units only: the state licensed contractor 
who installed the energy conservation measures 
required as a result of the energy inspection; or 

(3) An authorized agent of the Department 
of Building Inspection. 

(d) Filing and Recording. Proof of compliance 
with the requirements of this Section shall be effected 
by returning a copy of the completed certificate of 
compliance to the Department of Building Inspection 
which shall be maintained in their files. A copy of the 
completed form shall be recorded by the building 
owner, or the building owner's authorized agent, with 
the San Francisco County Recorder's Office. In the 
event of a title transfer, it shall be recorded prior to or 
concurrent with transfer of title. 

(e) Public Record. Completed energy inspection 
forms and certificates of compliance shall be public 
record and shall be available for inspection by any 
interested person during regular business hours at the 
Department of Building Inspection. 



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(f) Limitation of Utility Inspections. Nothing 
in this Section nor in any other provision of this chapter 
shall impose any obligation on a utility to perform more 
than one visit to a dwelling unit for any purpose. 
Nothing in this Section nor in any other provision of 
this chapter shall impose any obligation on a utility 
energy auditor to visit a dwelling unit solely for 
certification of compliance purposes. 



SEC. 1208. EXEMPTIONS AND 
POSTPONEMENT. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 11/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 350-95, App. 1 1/3/95; 
Ord. 256-07, App. 11/6/07] 

(a) No energy inspection and consequent 
installation of energy conservation measures shall be 
required for: 

( 1 ) Any residential building for which proof 
of compliance with the energy conservation 
requirements of this ordinance has been recorded with 
the Department of Building Inspection and the 
Recorder's Office of the City and County of San 
Francisco; 

(2) Any portion of a residential building for 
which a building permit for its construction was 
granted after July 1, 1978; 

(3) Any residential building which is 
occupied as a mobile home; 

(4) Any residential building, or portion 
thereof, which is occupied as a hotel, motel or inn and 
which has a certificate of use for tourist occupancy; or 

(5) Any portion of a residential building 
which is converted to tourist hotel use pursuant to the 
Residential Hotel Conversion Ordinance 
(Administrative Code, Article 41). 

(b) Postponement of Requirements. 
Application of inspection and energy conservation 
requirements for any residential building shall be 
postponed for one year from the date of application for 
a demolition permit for said building. If the residential 
building is demolished and a Certificate of Completion 
issued by the Department of Building Inspection before 
the end of the one-year postponement, the requirements 
of this chapter shall not apply. If the residential 
building is not demolished after the expiration of one 
year, the provisions of this chapter shall apply even 
though the demolition permit is still in effect or a new 
demolition permit has been issued. 



SEC. 1209. LIMITATION OF EXPENDITURE. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 11/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 31-94, App. 01/14/94; 
Ord. 256-07, App. 11/6/07] 

In no case shall any building owner be required to 
spend more than one percent of the purchase price 
indicated on the real estate sales contract (in cases 
where the energy inspection was conducted in 
connection with transfers to title to residential 
building), or one percent of the assessed value of the 
building, whichever is greater, to comply with the 
requirements of this ordinance, nor in the case of a 
building of two units or less, shall the cost exceed 
$1,300; provided, however, that the building owner 
must install any combination of required energy 
consen/ation measures for which the sum of all 
expenditures most closely equals but does not exceed 
the aforementioned cost limitation. 



SEC. 1210. ENERGY CONSERVATION 
REQUIREMENTS UPON MAJOR 
IMPROVEMENT, METERING CONVERSION, 
RESIDENTIAL CONDOMINIUM 
CONVERSION, OR COMPLETE INSPECTION. 
[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 1 1/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 350-95, App. 1 1/3/95; 
Ord. 256-07, App. 1 1/6/07] 

A valid energy inspection pursuant to Section 
1205 and subsequent compliance with required energy 
consen/ation measures pursuant to Section 1212 shall 
be required of a residential building as follows: 

(a) Metering Conversion. As a condition for 
issuance of a Certificate of Inspection and Approval for 
a metering conversion by the Department of Building 
Inspection; 

(b) Major Improvements. As a condition for 
issuance of a Certificate of Inspection and Approval 
upon completion of improvements having an estimated 
valuation as follows: 

(1) Buildings containing one or two 
dwelling units - in excess or $20,000. 

(2) Buildings containing three or more 
dwelling units, excluding residential hotels - in excess 
of $6,000 per unit. 

(3) Residential hotels - in excess of $1,000 
per unit. 



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1210-1211 



(c) Condominium Conversion. As a condition 
of approval of a Certificate of Final Completion and 
Occupancy; 

(d) Complete Inspection. Within 1 80 days after 
a complete inspection is performed by the Department 
of Building Inspection. 



SEC. 1211. ENERGY INSPECTION 
REQUIREMENT AT TRANSFER OF TITLE. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 11/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 350-95, App. 11/3/95; 
Ord. 256-07, App. 1 1/6/07] 

(a) Prior to any transfer of title of any residential 
building subject to the provisions of this chapter as a 
result of sale or exchange, the seller, or the seller's 
authorized agent, shall obtain a valid energy inspection 
and shall install all applicable energy conservation 
measures required by Section 1212 as enumerated in 
the energy inspection form. The seller, or the seller's 
authorized agent, must ftimish a copy of the completed 
inspection from showing compliance with this chapter 
to the buyer prior to transfer of title. 

(b) Title Transfer Exemption. A transfer of a 
residential building by operation of law rather than by 
purchase is exempt from the provision of this chapter. 
This exemption includes, but is not limited to: 

(1) Transfers pursuant to court order, 
including, but not limited to, transfers ordered by a 
probate court in administration of an estate, transfers 
pursuant to a writ of execution, transfers by a trustee in 
bankruptcy, transfers by eminent domain, or transfers 
resulting from a decree for specific performance; 

(2) Transfers to a mortgagee by a mortgagor 
in default, transfers to a beneficiary of a deed of trust 
by a trustor in default, transfers by any foreclosure sale 
after default in an obligation secured by a mortgage, or 
transfer by a sale under a power of sale after a default 
in an obligation secured by a deed of trust or secured 
by any other instrument containing a power of sale; 

(3) Transfers by a fiduciary in the course of 
the administration of a guardianship, conservatorship, 
or trust; 

(4) Transfers from one co-owner to one or 
more co-owners; 

(5) Transfers made to a spouse, or to a 
person or persons in the lineal line of consanguinity of 
one or more of the transferors; 



(6) Transfers between spouses resulting 
from a decree of dissolution of a marriage or a decree 
of legal separation or from a property settlement 
agreement incidental to such decrees; 

(7) Transfers by the State Controller in the 
course of administering the Unclaimed Property Law, 
Chapter 7 (commencing with Section 1500) of Title 10 
of Part 3 of the Code of Civil Procedure; 

(8) Transfers under the provisions of 
Chapter 7 (commencing with Section 3691) and 
Chapter 8 (commencing with Section 377 1 ) of Part 6 of 
Division 1 of the Revenue and Taxation Code; 

(9) Transfers resulting by operation of law; 

(10) Transfers by which title to real property 
is reconveyed pursuant to a deed of trust; 

(11) Transfers for which a transfer agreement 
was entered into prior to the effective date of this 
ordinance. 

(c) Energy Conservation Escrow Account. The 
seller, or the seller's authorized agent, may transfer 
responsibility for compliance with the minimum energy 
conservation measures of Section 1212 to the buyer of 
the building if at the time of transfer of title: 

(1) A valid energy inspection, within the 
meaning of Section 1205, has been made and the 
inspection form filed with the Department of Building 
Inspection along with notification indicating that an 
escrow account has been set up pursuant to this Section 
and giving the escrow holder's name and address and 
the escrow number; 

(2) A written agreement signed by the buyer 
and seller is deposited into the escrow containing the 
following; 

(i) The buyer's agreement that the 
required energy conservation measures will be installed 
within 180 days of transfer of title, 

(ii) The seller's agreement that fimds 
equal to one percent of the purchase price indicated on 
the accepted purchase offer shall be retained by the 
escrow holder and disbursed as follow: 

(a) Upon delivery to the escrow 
holder of a copy of the completed certificate of 
compliance as filed with the Department of Building 
Inspection within 1 80 days after the close of escrow, 
the escrow holder shall, upon written instructions of the 
buyer, disburse so much of these fimds as are required 
to pay the provider(s) of the materials and labor used to 



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bring the property into compliance with the provisions 
of this chapter and shall disburse any surplus thereafter 
remaining to the seller; 

(b) If such certificate of 
compliance is not delivered to the escrow holder within 
180 days after the close of escrow, all said ftmds shall 
be deposited into the Residential Energy Conservation 
Account of the Repair and Demolition Fund of the City 
and County of San Francisco established pursuant to 
Section 102.13 of the San Francisco Building Code 
(Part II, Chapter I of the San Francisco Municipal 
Code) to be used exclusively to bring the building into 
compliance with the provisions of this chapter, with 
any surplus fiinds to be returned to the seller once 
compliance is achieved. No funds shall be deposited in 
the Residential Energy Conservation Account under 
this Subsection so long as, in the case of the subject 
building, an appeal is pending or an extension has been 
granted pursuant to Section 1214 of this chapter. 

(d) Notice of the Requirements of This 
Ordinance. The seller, or the seller's agent involved in 
the sale or exchange of residential building subject to 
the provisions of this ordinance shall give written 
notice of the requirements of this ordinance to the 
buyers. Prior to the effective date of this ordinance an 
informational brochure specifying the energy 
conservation requirements shall be made available by 
the Department of Building Inspection. Delivery of this 
brochure to the buyer shall satisfy the notice 
requirements of this Section. Failure to give notice as 
required by this Section shall not excuse or exempt the 
seller or buyer of a residential building from 
compliance with the requirements of this chapter. 



SEC. 1212. REQUIRED ENERGY 
CONSERVATION MEASURES. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 1 1/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 350-95, App. 1 1/3/95; 
Ord. 256-07, App. 11/6/07] 

The following energy conservation measures are 
required by this ordinance for a residential building; 
provided, however, that if the owner proves, pursuant 
to Section 1213, that the application of any energy 
conservation measure is not cost-effective, that 
measure shall not be required. 

(a) Building containing one or two dwelling 
units: 



(1) Ceiling insulation to a minimum 
resistance level of R-19 over the entire accessible attic 
space, provided that the existing ceiling insulation is 
less than R-11. Before insulation is installed in a 
building not meeting this standard, dropped spaces in 
attic floors, such as those above stairwells, shall be 
sealed effectively to limit air infiltration. Installation of 
ceiling insulation shall be required to conform to 
Section 719 of the Building Code (Part II, Chapter I of 
the San Francisco Municipal Code). 

(2) Weatherstripping of all doors, unless 
fire-rated, which lead to unhealed areas so as 
effectively and reliably to limit air infiltration. Doors 
which cannot be weatherstripped without the 
replacement of the entire door or doorframe are 
exempted from this requirement, unless the door is, for 
other reasons, being repaired or replaced. The Director, 
in the guidelines, shall specify those types of 
weatherstripping which are acceptable. In determining 
which types of weatherstripping are acceptable, the 
Director shall consider, among other matters, whether 
the weatherstripping meets the energy conservation 
goals of this chapter and is cost-effective. 

(3) An external water heater insulation 
blanket with a minimum installed thermal resistance of 
R-6 on accessible water heaters. Installation of external 
water heater insulation blankets shall meet any safety 
standards set by the Director in the guidelines. In 
addition, the first four feet of accessible hot water pipe 
leading from the heater shall be insulated to a minimum 
resistance value of R-4. If foam is used to meet the R-4 
standard, it shall be a closed-cell type with a minimum 
wall thickness of three-quarters of an inch. 

(4) Low-flow devices on all accessible 
showerheads having a maximum rated flow of not more 
than 3.0 gallons per minute. Showerheads of the 
ball-joint type that cannot easily be removed from the 
wall without structural alteration are exempt from this 
requirement. 

(5) Caulking or sealing of all accessible 
major cracks and joints and other openings in building 
exterior to reduce the loss of heated air or the entry of 
outside air where feasible. Sealing of all accessible 
major openings from the conditioned living space into 
unheated areas, including, but not limited to, those 
found around plumbing vent pipes, electrical wiring, or 
furnace flue pipes. 



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1212-1215 



(6) Insulating all accessible supply and 
return heating and cooling system ducts and plenums, 
which are located in unheated areas, to a minimum 
resistance value of R-3 and sealing of all accessible 
duct and plenum joints with pressure-sensitive tape or 
mastic. 

(b) Building containing three or more dwelling 
units: 

( 1 ) All measures specified in Subsection (a) 
of this Section to the extent applicable to the structure. 

(2) Insulation of all accessible recirculating 
hot water, steam, or steam condensate return piping 
throughout the structure to a minimum resistance value 
of R-4 and all hot water storage tanks to a minimum 
resistance value of R-6; 

(3) Cleaning and tuning of boiler units to 
improve combustion efficiency. Unless the boiler has 
been cleaned and tuned to ensure peak combustion 
efficiency within the last five years and bears a tag so 
certifying issued by a utility inspector or contractor 
regularly engaged in the field of combustion efficiency, 
the boiler shall be cleaned and tested for combustion 
efficiency and appropriate adjustments made to ensure 
peak combustion efficiency by such a utility inspector 
or a contractor, who shall post a tag on or near the 
boiler stating that a combustion efficiency test has been 
performed and peak efficiency has been obtained 
through adjustment of the boiler's controls and 
cleaning where needed, and the date the test was 
performed. In addition, all boilers shall have the permit 
required by Chapter 1, Schedule 1-M of the Building 
Code; 

(4) Repair of all hot water and steam leaks 
on boiler units, including replacement of defective 
steam traps and valves; 

(5) Time clock control of burner; and 

(6) Any interim measures adopted by the 
Director pursuant to Section 1217 or 1218 of this 
chapter. 



subject to an energy inspection, who contests the 
determination of an energy inspector regarding required 
energy conservation measures or who claims that the 
application of a required energy conservation measure 
is not cost-effective may appeal said decision to the 
Director within 10 working days from the date the 
completed inspection form was filed with the 
Department of Building Inspection. The notice of 
appeal shall state, clearly and concisely, the grounds 
upon which the appeal is based. The burden of proof 
shall be on the appellant to demonstrate that the energy 
conservation measure is not required under this chapter 
or that it is not cost-effective. The determination of the 
Director shall be final and the issues decided by this 
determination may not be heard by the Abatement 
Appeals Board pursuant to the provisions of Section 
1216 of this chapter. 

(b) Filing Fee. Any appeal pursuant to Section 
1214 shall be accompanied by payment of a filing fee. 



SEC. 1214. AMORTIZATION m RENTAL 
PROPERTY. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 11/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 256-07, App. 1 1/6/07] 

(a) Whenever amortization of capital 
improvements is required pursuant to the Residential 
Rent Stabilization and Arbitration Ordinance (Chapter 
37, Section 37.7 of the Administrative Code), 
installation of energy conservation measures shall be 
deemed to be capital improvements within the meaning 
of Section 37.7 of the Residential Rent Stabilization 
and Arbitration Ordinance so long as such ordinance 
remains in effect. 

(b) When required energy conservation 
expenditures form part of a RAP loan, expenditures 
shall be amortized over the term of the loan and rent 
increase will be subject to the RAP loan rent limits. 



SEC. 1213. APPEAL FROM RESULTS OF AN 
ENERGY INSPECTION. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 1 1/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 350-95, App. 1 1/3/95; 
Ord. 256-07, App. 1 1/6/07] 

(a) Appeal from Results of an Energy 
Inspection. Any person with an interest in the property 



SEC. 1215. CIVIL REMEDIES. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 1 1/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 256-07, App. 1 1/6/07] 
(a) Abatement. Whenever the installation of an 
energy conservation measure in a residential building 
is required pursuant to this chapter and the energy 
conservation measure has not been installed within 1 80 
days from the date of the energy inspection or, if there 



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has been no energy inspection, within 180 days from 
the date the residential building was first required to 
comply with the provisions of this chapter, that 
residential building shall constitute a nuisance under 
the terms of Chapter 4 of this Code. The nuisance shall 
be abated by civil action pursuant to Section 201(e) of 
this Code, provided further that in no event shall any 
violation constitute a misdemeanor. 

(b) Title Transfer. In addition, when an 
inspection and installation of conservation measures 
was required pursuant to this chapter as a result of a 
title transfer, civil action may be instituted by a buyer 
to require compliance with the requirements of this 
ordinance. 

(c) Exceptions. In undertaking this program of 
energy inspections, the City and County of San 
Francisco is assuming an undertaking only to promote 
the general welfare. It is not assuming, nor is it 
imposing on its officers an employees, an obligation for 
breach of which it is liable in money damages to any 
person who claims that such breach proximately caused 
injury. 

No civil liability, based on this ordinance, shall 
ensue from claims that the performance of, 
nonperformance of, negligent performance of, untimely 
performance of, or failure to perform in a proper 
manner, an energy inspection or energy audit caused 
injury to any person where that inspection or audit is 
conducted by a utility, or representative of a utility, 
which offers an energy inspection or audit service for 
which no charge is made to the homeowner. 



SEC. 1216. FEES. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 11/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 350-95, App. 1 1/3/95; 
Ord. 256-07, App. 11/6/07] 

(a) Fees. Reasonable fees shall be required to 
pay for, but not exceed, the costs of implementing this 
ordinance. Such fees shall be established by the Board 
of Supervisors upon recommendation of the Director of 
the Department of Building Inspection and shall 
include: 

( 1 ) The cost of inspections performed by the 
Department of Building Inspection; 

(2) The cost of the appeal process; 

(3) The cost of filing and processing 
documents at the Department of Building Inspection; 



(4) The cost of printing forms and 
informational brochures by the Department of Building 
Inspection; 

(5) Other expenses incurred by the City and 
Count>' of San Francisco in implementing this 
ordinance. 

(b) Fee Schedule. See Building Code Section 
1 lOA, Table 1 A-N, for the applicable fees. 

(c) Fee Review. The Director of the Department 
of Building Inspection shall cause an annual report of 
fees to be made and filed with the Controller as set 
forth in Section 3.17-2 of the San Francisco 
Administrative Code. The Controller shall review the 
report and file it with the Board of Supervisors along 
with proposed ordinance readjusting the fee rates as 
necessary. 



SEC. 1217. RULES. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 1 1/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 350-95, App. 1 1/3/95; 
Ord. 256-07, App. 11/6/07] 

(a) The Director of the Department of Building 
Inspection shall adopt and, from time to time, may 
amend reasonable rules and guidelines implementing 
the provisions and intent of this ordinance. A public 
hearing shall be held prior to the adoption, or any 
amendment of the rules and guidelines. In addition to 
notices required by law, the Director shall send written 
notice, at least 15 days prior to the hearing, to any 
utility servicing San Francisco who participates in the 
California Plan for Residential Conservation Service 
and to amy interested party who sends a written request 
to the Department for notice of hearings on energy 
conservation requirements. 

(b) In developing such rules and guidelines, the 
Director shall consider, inter alia, the standards of the 
California Plan for the Residential Conservation 
Service with the purpose of coordinating with local 
utilities the types of products, installation standards, 
and inspection procedures which will satisfy the 
requirements of this Article. Such rules may relate, but 
are not limited to: 

(1) Acceptable energy conservation 
materials and devices; 

(2) Acceptable installation practices; 

(3 ) Processing of appeals; 

(4) Payment of fees; and 

(5) Inspection procedures. 



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1218-1220 



SEC. 1218. INTERIM RULES. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 11/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 350-95, App. 1 1/3/95; 
Ord. 256-07, App. 11/6/07] 

The Board of Supervisors finds that, currently, the 
information available as to what additional 
energy-conservation measures are cost-effective in 
buildings containing three or more dwelling units is 
incomplete. The Board of Supervisors therefore 
authorizes the Director of the Department of Building 
Inspection to adopt additional interim requirements for 
the installation of energy conservation measures in 
residential buildings containing three or more dwelling 
units in the following manner: 

(a) The Director shall hold a public hearing at 
which testimony may be given regarding the proposed 
interim requirement, prior to making a determination. 
Notice of the hearing shall be sent as provided in 
Section 1217a). 

(b) The Director shall then adopt the proposed 
interim requirement if he or she determines that the 
measure is cost-effective within the meaning of this 
chapter and has a simple economic payback not 
exceeding five years, according to the best information 
available. In developing such requirements, the 
Director shall closely coordinate with ongoing utility 
programs and the California Energy Commission. 

(c) Within two years of adoption of any interim 
requirement, the Director shall make a final 
determination as to whether the interim requirement is 
cost-effective. If the Director determines that the 
interim requirement is not cost-effective, then the 
requirement shall be canceled. If the Director 
determines that the interim requirement is 
cost-effective, the Director shall present a report on the 
interim requirement and proposed legislation to 
implement the requirement to the Board of Supervisors 
prior to the expiration of the two-year period. A public 
hearing shall be held on the proposed legislation and 
the Board of Supervisors shall give notice in the same 
manner as provided in Section 1217(a). 

(d) The interim requirement shall remain in 
effect for 90 days beyond the expiration of the two-year 
period. If the Board of Supervisors does not pass the 
proposed legislation, the interim requirement will 
expire at the end of the 90-day period. 



SEC. 1219. ORDINANCE REVIEW. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 1 1/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 256-07, App. 1 1/6/07] 
A public hearing shall be held one year after all 
provisions of this ordinance have become effective for 
the purpose of reviewing the provisions and operation 
of this ordinance. 



SEC. 1220. SEVERABILITY. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 11/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 256-07, App. 1 1/6/07] 
If any provisions or clause of this ordinance or the 
application thereof to any person or circumstance is 
held to be unconstitutional or to be otherwise invalid by 
any court of competent jurisdiction, such invalidity 
shall not affect other provisions, and clauses of this 
ordinance are declared to be severable. 



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12A01-12A04 



CHAPTER 12A 
RESIDENTIAL WATER CONSERVATION 



Sec. 12A01. Title. 

Sec. 12A02. Findings. 

Sec. 12A03. Intent. 

Sec. 12A04. Definitions. 

Sec. 12A05. Water Conservation Inspections. 

Sec. 12A06. Proof of Compliance with Minimum 
Water Conservation Measures. 

Sec. 12A07. Postponement of Requirements. 

Sec. 12A08. Water Conservation Requirements 
Upon Major Improvement, Metering 
Conversion, Residential Condominium 
Conversion, or Complete Inspection. 

Sec. 12A09. Water Conservation Inspection 

Requirements at Transfer of Title. 

Sec. 12A10. Required Water Conservation 
Measures. 

Sec. 12A1 1 . Residential Buildings (R-1 and R-3 
Occupancies) Except for Tourist 
Hotels and Motels Required to 
Comply With Water Conservation 
Requirements Withing Three Years. 

Sec. 12A12. Appeal from Results of a Water 
Conservation Inspection. 

Sec. 1 2A 1 3 . Civil Remedies. 

Sec. 12A14. Severability. 



SEC. 12A01. TITLE. 

[Added by Ord. 185-91, App. 5/15/91; amended by 
Ord. 346-91, App. 10/19/91;Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; 
Ord. 256-07, App. 1 1/6/07] 

This chapter shall be known as the Residential 
Water Conservation Ordinance. 



SEC. 12A02. FINDINGS. 

[Added by Ord. 185-91, App. 5/15/91; amended by 
Ord. 346-91, App. 10/19/91; Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; 
Ord. 256-07, App. 11/6/07] 

The Board of Supervisors finds that: 

(a) The entire State of California is suffering 

from the effects of a fifth consecutive drought year. 

These effects include the reduction of available water 

supplies to extremely limited levels. Rationing 



programs have been established in most areas of the 
State, including the City and County of San Francisco. 
Although recent rainstorms have lessened the severity 
of the drought, existing water supplies remain at 
extremely low levels. 

(b) The use of water conservation devices such as 
low-flow showerheads, faucet aerators, low-flow 
toilets, and water volume reduction appliances for 
toilets in residential buildings will significantly reduce 
the overall demand for water and therefore help 
conserve existing water supplies. 

(c) This ordinance is intended to be one phase of 
a comprehensive legislative program to achieve the 
City's goal of reducing water consumption in all 
residential, commercial, industrial and public buildings 
in the City and County of San Francisco. It is the intent 
of the Board to introduce future legislation to achieve 
this goal. 



SEC. 12A03. INTENT. 

[Added by Ord. 185-91, App. 5/15/91; amended by 
Ord. 346-91, App. 10/19/91; Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; 
Ord. 256-07, App. 1 1/6/07] 

It is the intent of this ordinance to conserve 
existing water supplies by reducing the overall demand 
for water in residential buildings by requiring the 
installation of water conservation devices upon the 
occurrence of specific events and, in any event, no later 
than three years for all residential buildings except for 
tourist hotels and motels. 



SEC. 12A04. DEFINITIONS. 

[Added by Ord. 185-91, App. 5/15/91; amended by 
Ord. 346-91, App. 10/19/91;Ord. 16 1-92, App. 6/4/92; 
Ord. 256-07, App. 11/6/07] 

In addition to the definitions contained in Chapters 
4 and 12 of this Code, for the purposes of this 
ordinance the following words and phrases shall have 
the meanings ascribed to them by this Section. 

(a) Qualified Inspector. A qualified inspector is 
an inspector defined in Chapter 12, Section 1206 of this 
Code, who is authorized to perform a water 
conservation inspection. 



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(b) Water Conservation Inspection. Inspection 
of a residential building for compliance with the 
requirements of this ordinance. 



SEC. 12A05. WATER CONSERVATION 
INSPECTIONS. 

[Added by Ord. 185-91, App. 5/15/91; amended by 
Ord. 346-91, App. 10/19/91; Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; 
Ord. 256-07, App. 11/6/07] 

A water conservation inspection which satisfies 
the requirements of this chapter shall be performed 
concurrently with the energy inspection required by 
Chapter 12 of this Code and must be performed by a 
qualified inspector. 



SEC. 12A06. PROOF OF COMPLIANCE WITH 
MINIMUM WATER CONSERVATION 
MEASURES. 

[Added by Ord. 185-91, App. 5/15/91; amended by 
Ord. 346-91, App. 10/19/91;Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; 
Ord. 350-95, App. 1 1/3/95; Ord. 256-07, App. 1 1/6/07] 

(a) Inspection Form. The Department of 
Building Inspection shall provide a standardized form 
suitable for conducting a valid water conservation 
inspection and certifying compliance with the 
requirements of this ordinance. Said form may be 
combined with the energy inspection form required by 
Section 1207 of this Code. The inspection form shall be 
completed and signed by any qualified inspector, 
furnished to the building owner or the owner's 
authorized agent, and filed with the Department of 
Building Inspection per Section 1207. 

(b) Certificate of Compliance. When all of the 
water conservation requirements have been met, a 
certificate of compliance shall be signed, filed and 
recorded per Section 1207 of this Code. The 
Department of Building Inspection shall provide a copy 
of the Certificate to the City Water Department. 

(c) Public Record. Completed water 
conservation inspection forms and certificates of 
compliance shall be public record and shall be 
available for inspection by any interested person during 
regular business hours at the Department of Building 
Inspection. 



SEC. 12A07. POSTPONEMENT OF 
REQUIREMENTS. 

[Added by Ord. 185-91, App. 5/15/91; amended by 
Ord. 346-91, App. 10/19/91; Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; 
Ord. 350-95, App. 1 1/3/95; Ord. 256-07, App. 1 1/6/07] 
Application of inspection and water conservation 
requirements for any residential building shall be 
postponed for one year from the date of application for 
a demolition permit for said building. If the residential 
building is demolished and Certificate of Completion 
issued by the Department of Building Inspection before 
the end of the one-year postponement, the requirements 
of this chapter shall not apply. If the residential 
building is not demolished after the expiration of one 
year, the provisions of this chapter shall apply, even 
though the demolition permit is still in effect or a new 
demolition permit has been issued. 



SEC. 12A08. WATER CONSERVATION 
REQllREMENTS UPON MAJOR 
IMPROVEMENT, METERING CONVERSION, 
RESroENTIAL CONDOMINIUM 
CON\TERSION, OR COMPLETE INSPECTION. 
[Added by Ord. 185-91, App. 5/15/91; amended by 
Ord. 346-91, App. 10/19/91;Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; 
Ord. 256-07, App. 1 1/6/07] 

A valid water conservation inspection pursuant to 
Section 12A05 and subsequent compliance with 
required water conservation measures pursuant to 
Section 12A11 shall be required of a residential 
building concurrently with the energy conservation 
inspection and compliance requirements set forth in 
Section 1210 and 1211 of this Code. 



SEC. 12A09. WATER CONSERVATION 
INSPECTION REQUIREMENTS AT 
TRAN15FER OF TITLE. 

[Added by Ord. 185-91, App. 5/15/91; amended by 
Ord. 346-91, App. 10/19/91; Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; 
Ord. 256-07, App. 11/6/07] 

Pri or to any transfer of title as a result of sale or 
exchange of any residential building subject to the 
provisions of this chapter, the seller or the seller's 
authorized agent shall obtain a valid water conservation 
inspection pursuant to Section 12A05 and shall install 



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12A09-12A11 



all applicable water conservation measures required by 
Section 1 2 A 1 as enumerated in the water conservation 
inspection form. Compliance with the Section shall be 
concurrent with the energy conservation inspection 
required by Section 1211 of this Code and shall be in 
accordance with the provisions set forth in said 
Section. 



SEC. 12A10. REQUIRED WATER 
CONSERVATION MEASURES. 

[Added by Ord. 185-91, App. 5/15/91; amended by 
Ord. 346-91, App. 10/19/91;Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; 
Ord. 361-94, App. 10/19/94; Ord. 350-95, App. 
1 1/3/95; Ord. 256-07, App. 1 1/6/07] 

The following water conservation measures are 
required for residential buildings as defined in Section 
1204(i) of this Code: 

(a) Low-flow devices on all accessible 
showerheads having a maximum rated flow of not more 
than 2,5 gallons per minute. Showerheads of the 
ball-joint type that cannot easily be removed from the 
wall without structural alteration are exempt from this 
requirement. 

(b) Aerators attached to kitchen, vanity and sink 
faucets which faucets are designed to accept such 
devices. These aerators shall include a flow restrictor 
and shall be of a type approved by the Director of the 
Department of Building Inspection. 

(c) Low-flow toilets (3.5 gallons per flush or 
less) or approved devices in toilets designed to reduce 
the total volume of water in each toilet flush, including 
but limited to (1) flush reducers, (2) flow restrictors 
and (3) volume reducers. Installation of a retrofit 
device will not be required when its installation will 
impede the designed functioning and/or flushing of the 
toilet. 

(d) An individual shall be entitled to an 
exemption from the requirement of installing 
showerheads listed in Paragraph (a) of this Section in 
that person's residence upon filing with the City Water 
Department a letter from a licensed physician 
specifying a valid medical reason that prevents the use 
of a low-flow showerhead by the individual seeking the 
exemption. An exemption under this Section shall 
continue in force until the individual qualifying for the 
exemption no longer resides at the exempted property, 



or until the medical condition qualifying for the 
exemption terminates. Within one following the 
departure of the individual qualifying for the exemption 
from the exempted residence or termination of the 
medical condition, an affidavit shall be filed with the 
City Water Department for the exempted property 
pursuant to Section 12A1 1(a). Upon transfer of title of 
any building subject to an exemption in whole or in 
part under this Section, the provisions of Section 
12A09 shall apply; however, proof of an exemption 
under this Section shall be sufficient to show 
compliance with the requirements of this chapter as to 
low-flow showerhead and/or an exempted residence 
within a multiple-family residential building. An 
exemption for a single residence under this Section 
shall not constitute an exemption for an entire 
multiple-family building wherein the single residence 
is located. 



SEC. 12A11. RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS (R-1, 
R-2, AND R-3 OCCUPANCIES) EXCEPT FOR 
TOURIST HOTELS AND MOTELS REQUIRED 
TO COMPLY WITH WATER 
CONSERVATION REQUIREMENTS WITHIN 
THREE YEARS. 

[Added by Ord. 185-91, App. 5/15/91; amended by 
Ord. 346-91, App. 10/19/91;Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; 
Ord. 256-07, App. 1 1/6/07] 

All residential buildings, except for tourist hotels 
and motels, must comply with the requirements listed 
in Section 12A10 within three years. R-1 and R-2 
occupancies must comply within three years from the 
effective date of Ordinance No. 185-91; R-3 
occupancies must comply within three years of the 
effective date of this ordinance. 

(a) Affidavit. In lieu of compliance with the 
provisions of Section 12A06, within a period of three 
years from the effective date of either Ordinance No. 
185-91 for R-1 occupancies or this ordinance for R-3 
occupancies, the owner or owner's authorized agent 
shall file with the City Water Department an affidavit 
signed by the owner affirming that the water 
conservation devices required by Section 12A 10 either 
have been installed or an exemption is applicable. The 
affidavit shall be on a form provided by the City Water 
Department. 



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(b) Public Record. The affidavits required by 
Subsection (a) above shall be public record and shall be 
available for inspection by any interested person during 
regular business hours at the City Water Department. 



consei"vation inspection or audit shall cause injury to 
any person where that inspection or audit is conducted 
by a utility, or representative of a utility, which offers 
inspection or audit service for which no charge is made 
to the homeowner. 



SEC. 12A12. APPEAL FROM RESULTS OF A 
WATER CONSERVATION INSPECTION. 

[Added by Ord. 185-91, App. 5/15/91; amended by 
Ord. 346-91, App. 10/19/91;Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; 
Ord. 350-95, App. 11/3/95; Ord. 256-07, App. 11/6/07] 
Any person with an interest in the property subject 
to a water conservation inspection who contests the 
determination of a qualified inspector regarding 
required water conservation measures may appeal said 
decision to the Director within 10 working days from 
the date the completed inspection form was filed with 
the Department of Building Inspection. Notice and 
appeal procedures shall be as set forth in Section 1213 
of this Code. 



SEC. 12A14. SEVERABILITY. 

[Added by Ord. 185-91, App. 5/15/91; amended by 
Ord. 346-9 1 , App. 10/19/91; Ord. 1 6 1 -92, App. 6/4/92; 
Ord. 256-07, App. 11/6/07] 

If any provision or clause of this ordinance or the 
application thereof to any person or circumstance is 
held to be unconstitutional or to be otherwise invalid by 
any court of competent jurisdiction, such invalidity 
shall not affect other provisions, and clauses of this 
ordinance are declared to be severable. 



SEC. 12A13. CIVIL REMEDIES. 

[Added by Ord. 185-91, App. 5/15/91; amended by 
Ord. 346-91, App. 10/19/91; Ord. 16 1-92, App. 6/4/92; 
Ord. 256-07, App. 11/6/07] 

(a) Remedies. The remedies for failure to 
comply with the requirements of Section 12A08 and 
12A09 of this chapter shall be as set forth in 
Subsections (a) and (b) of Section 1215 of this Code 
for violations of the Residential Energy Conservation 
Ordinance. Failure to comply with the requirements of 
Section 12A11 of this chapter shall result in an 
enforcement action pursuant to Chapter 1 A of the San 
Francisco Building Code. 

(b) Exceptions. In undertaking this program of 
water conservation inspections, the City and County of 
San Francisco is assuming an undertaking only to 
promote the general welfare. It is not assuming, nor is 
it imposing on its offices and employees, an obligation 
for breach of which it is liable in money damages to 
any person who claims that such breach proximately 
caused injury. 

No civil liability, based this ordinance, shall ensue 
from claims that the performance of, nonperformance 
of, negligent performance of, untimely performance of, 
or failure to perform in a proper manner, a water 



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1301-1305 



CHAPTER 13 
MAINTENANCE, SANITATION AND REPAIR 



Sec. 1301. 


Painting. 


Sec. 1302. 


Courts and Shafts. 


Sec. 1303. 


Wallpaper. 


Sec. 1304. 


Garbage Receptacles. 


Sec. 1305. 


Garbage Receptacle Compartment, 


Sec. 1306. 


Sanitation. 


Sec. 1307. 


Deposit of Rubbish, etc. 


Sec. 1308. 


Bedding. 


Sec. 1309. 


Towels. 


Sec. 1310. 


Dangerous Articles. 


Sec. 1311. 


Caretaker. 



SEC. 1301. PAINTING. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 1 1/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 350-95, App. 1 1/3/95; 
Ord. 192-02, App. 9/17/02; Ord. 256-07, App. 11/6/07] 
The walls and ceiling of every room, lobby, 
entryway or hallway in an apartment house or hotel 
shall be well maintained. Repairs, paint or paper shall 
be applied as often as may be necessary to maintain 
clean and sanitary walls and ceilings free from mildew, 
dampness and vermin. 



SEC. 1302. COURTS AND SHAFTS. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 11/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 350-95, App. 1 1/3/95; 
Ord. 256-07, App. 1 1/6/07] 

The walls of courts and shafts shall be painted as 
often as may be necessary to maintain weatherproofmg, 
free from dampness and mildew. 



SEC. 1303. WALLPAPER. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 11/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 350-95, App. 1 1/3/95; 
Ord. 256-07, App. 1 1/6/07] 

All thicknesses of wallpaper placed upon any wall, 
partition or ceiling of any room in any apartment house 
or hotel shall be well maintained, free of dampness and 
mildew. If any wall, partition or ceiling with two 
thicknesses of wallpaper in any such room is to be 
repapered, the old wallpaper shall be removed. Painting 
over wallpaper shall be permissible. 



SEC. 1304. GARBAGE RECEPTACLES. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 1 1/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 350-95, App. 1 1/3/95; 
Ord. 256-07, App. 11/6/07] 

(a) A sufficient number of receptacles with 
close-fitting covers for garbage refuse, ashes and 
rubbish as may be considered necessary by the Director 
or the Department of Public Health, or an approved 
garbage chute Ojr shaft, shall be kept in a clean 
condition by the following persons: 

( 1 ) In the case of a receptacle in a hotel, by 
the owner or person in charge of the hotel; 

(2) In the case of a receptacle in an 
apartment house or dwelling, by the person in charge of 
the building, occupants or tenants of the building; 

(3) In the case of a chute or shaft in any 
building, by the person in charge of the building. 

(b) Garbage cans in apartment houses and hotels 
shall be of noncombustible construction. Plastic 
garbage cans will be acceptable when the following 
conditions have been met: 

(1) The room in which the can(s) are 
contained is fully sprinklered; 

(2) The garbage chute, if any, is sprinklered 
in accordance with the Building Code; 

(3) The garbage can storage room is 
constructed in accordance with Section 711.5 of the 
Building Code. 



SEC. 1305. GARBAGE RECEPTACLE 
COMPARTMENT. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 1 1/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 350-95, App. 1 1/3/95; 
Ord. 256-07, App. 11/6/07] 

Every closet or compartment in a building used for 
storing a garbage receptacle shall be lined on all its 
sides and on the inside of all its doors with galvanized 
steel, with all joints made tight. 

For garbage chute shaft construction, see Section 
711 ofthe Building Code. 

For garbage room construction, see Section 707 of 
this Code. 



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SEC. 1306. SANITATION. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 11/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 192-02, App. 9/17/02; 
Ord. 256-07, App. 11/6/07] 

Each room, hallway, passageway, stairway, wall, 
partition, ceiling, floor, skylight, glass windows, door, 
carpet, rug, matting, window curtain, water closet 
compartment or room, toilet room, bathroom, slop-sink 
room, wash room, plumbing fixture, drain, roof, closet, 
basement, yard, court, lot, and the premises of every 
building shall be kept in every part clean, sanitary, and 
free from all accumulation of debris, filth, rubbish, 
garbage, vermin, mold and mildew and offensive 
matter. Those portions of the residential building 
identified by this Section that can no longer by cleaned 
or made sanitary shall be replaced in an appropriate 
manner. 



SEC. 1307. DEPOSIT OF RUBBISH, ETC. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 1 1/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 256-07, App. 1 1/6/07] 
No person shall do, or permit or cause another 
person to do, any of the following: 

(a) Deposit any swell, garbage, bottles, ashes, 
cans, or other improper substance in, or in any way 
obstruct, any water-closet, sink, slop hopper, bathtub, 
shower, catchbasin, or plumbing fixture connection or 
drain; 

(b) Put any filth, urine or other foul matter in any 
place other than the place provided; or 

(c) Keep any filth, urine or other foul matter in 
any room, or elsewhere in or about the premises, of any 
building for such length of time as will result in the 
creation of a nuisance. 



SEC. 1308. BEDDING. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 1 1/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 256-07, App. 1 1/6/07] 
In every apartment house or hotel every part of 
every bed, including the mattresses, sheets, blankets 
and bedding, shall be kept in a clean, dry and sanitary 
condition, free from filth, urine or other foul matter, 
and from the infestation of lice, bedbugs or other 
insects. The bed linen of a bed in a hotel shall be 
changed as often as a new guest occupies the bed. 



SEC. 1309. TOWELS. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 11/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 256-07, App. 1 1/6/07] 
No roller or public towel shall be kept or 
maintained in a hotel for common use. 



SEC. 1310. DANGEROUS ARTICLES. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 1 1/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 256-07, App. 11/6/07] 
Neither any article that is dangerous or detrimental 
to life or to the health of the occupants; or any feed, 
hay, straw, excelsior, cotton, paper stock, rags, junk, or 
any maiterial that may create a fire hazard, shall be kept, 
stored or handled in any part of an apartment house or 
hotel, or the lot on which such building is situated, 
except upon a written permit obtained from the officer 
or agency authorized by law to issue the permit. Every 
permit shall be made in duplicate, and a copy shall 
remain on file in the office of the officer or agency 
issuing it. Every filed copy constitutes a public record. 



SEC. 1311. CARETAKER. 

[Added by Ord. 399-89, App. 11/6/89; amended by 
Ord. 161-92, App. 6/4/92; Ord. 256-07, App. 1 1/6/07] 
A j an itor, housekeeper or other responsible person 
shall reside upon the premises and shall have charge of 
every apartment house in which there are 1 6 or more 
apartments and of every hotel in which there are 12 or 
more guestrooms, in the event that the owner of any 
such apartment house or hotel does not reside upon said 
premises. If the owner does not reside upon the 
premises of any apartment house in which there are 
more than four but less than 16 apartments, a notice 
stating his name and address, or the name and address 
of his agent in charge of the apartment house, shall be 
posted in a conspicuous place on the premises. 



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INDEX 



HOUSING CODE INDEX 



ABATEMENT APPEALS BOARD 

Energy inspections; lack of jurisdiction, 1213 

ALARM SYSTEMS (See FIRE PROTECTION) 

AMUSEMENT ROOMS (See MECHANICAL 
REQUIREMENTS) 

APARTMENT HOUSES 

Alarm systems, 902 

Assessment liens, 302 

Bedding, 1308 

Building address, 706 

Caretakers, 1311 

Conversions, 601 

Cooking facilities, 709 

Dangerous articles, 1310 

Definitions, 103,401 

Drying platforms, 704 

Elevators, 808 

Entrances and exits, 601, 606, 706, 801, 807, 

809 
Exterior doors, 706 
Fees, 302 

Filth and foul matter, deposit of, 1308 
Fire hazards, 1310 
Fire safety provisions, 601 
Flammable materials, 1310 
Garage doors, 706 
Garages, 603, 706 
Garbage receptacles, 1304 
Gates, 706 

General provisions, 103 
Heating, 701 
Inspections, 303 
Licenses, 302, 1310 
Liens, 302 
Lighting, 504, 706 
Locks, 706 
Machine shops, 711 
Maintenance, 1301, 1303, 1308, 1310 



APARTMENT HOUSES (Cont'd) 

Mechanical requirements, 701, 704 - 706, 709 

Occupancy standards, 504 

Painting, 1301 

Paints, 710 

Parking regulations and facilities, 706 

Permits, 302, 1310 

Repair, 1301,1303, 1308, 1310 

Roof decks, 704 

Sanitation, 1301, 1303, 1308, 1310 

Security provisions, 705, 706 

Smoke barriers, 807 

Space standards, 504 

Special assessment liens, 302 

Sprinkler systems, 601, 904 

Stairs and stairways, 806 

Structural requirements, 601 

Termite protection, 601 

Tov^els, 1308 

Urine, deposit of, 1308 

Ventilation, 701 

Vermin control, 1308 

Volatile liquids, 710 

APPEALS 

Energy inspections, 1213 

Water conservation inspections, 12A12 

APPLIANCES 

Space and occupancy standards, 505 

ARRESTS 

Code enforcement, 204 

ARTIFICIAL LIGHTS (See SPACE AND 
OCCUPANCY STANDARDS) 

ASSESSMENT LIENS (See SPECIAL 

ASSESSMENT LIENS) 

AUTOMOBILE REPAIR SHOP 

Prohibition, 711 



1/19/2007 



I- 1 



INDEX 



B 



BASEMENT ROOMS (See SPACE AND 
OCCUPANCY STANDARDS) 

BASEMENTS 

Definition, 401 

Entrances and exits, 801 

Space and occupancy standards, 505 

Sprinkler systems, 904 

Stairs and stairways, 803 

BATTERY SHOPS 

Prohibition, 711 

BEDDING, 1308, 1309 

BOARD OF SUPERVISORS 

Code enforcement, 204 

BOILERS 

Mechanical requirements, 701 
Residential energy conservation, 1212 
Tests, 701, 1212 

BUILDING DEMOLITION (See DEMOLITION 
OF BUILDINGS) 

BUILDING PERMITS (See PERMITS AND 
INSPECTIONS) 

BUILDING RECORD REPORT (See 
RESIDENTIAL BUILDING RECORD REPORT) 

-c- 

CARETAKERS 

Apartment houses, 1311 
Hotels, 1311 
Maintenance, 1311 
Notice, 1311 
Repair, 1311 
Sanitation, 1311 

CEILING HEIGHTS 

Definition, 401 

Space and occupancy standards, 503 



1-2 



2007 SAN FRANCISCO HOUSING CODE 



CERTIFICATE OF COMPLIANCE 

Residential energy conservation, 1207, 1211 
Residential water conservation, 12A06 

CERTIFICATE OF FINAL COMPLETION AND 
OCCUPANCY (See also FINAL COMPLETION 
AND OCCUPANCY) 

Completion and occupancy, 1101 
Condominium conversions, 1210 
Residential building record report, 351 

CERTIFICATE OF INSPECTION AND 
APPROVAL (See RESIDENTIAL ENERGY 
CONSERVATION) 

CERTIFICATE OF USE FOR TOURIST 
OCCUPANCY (See RESIDENTIAL ENERGY 
CONSERVATION) 

CODE ENFORCEMENT (See 
ENFORCEMENT) 

COMMUNITY KITCHEN 

Cooking facilities, 507 
Prohibited, 709 

CONDOMINIUMS 

Conversions 

Mechanical requirements, 706 
Residential energy conservation, 1210 
Residential water conservation, 12A08 

License fees, 302 

CONILICT OF INTEREST (See QUALIFIED 
INSPECTORS) 

CONGREGATE RESIDENCE 

Definition, 401 

General provisions, 103 

Heating standards, 701 

Mechanical requirements, 701 

Sanitation, 505 

Space and occupancy requirements, 505 

CONSERVATION (See RESIDENTIAL 
ENERGY CONSERVATION or RESIDENTIAL 
WATER CONSERVATION) 

CONSTRUCTION COMPLETION (See FINAL 
COMPLETION AND OCCUPANCY) 

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2007 SAN FRANCISCO HOUSING CODE 



INDEX 



CONSTRUCTION REGULATIONS 

Inspection, 303 
Right of entry, 303 

CONVERSIONS 

Apartment houses, 601 

Hotels, 601 

Residential energy conservation, 1210 

COOKING FACILITIES 

Apartment houses, 709 
Community kitchens, 507 
Guestroom cooking facilities, 507 
Hotels, 709 

Mechanical requirements, 709 
Space and occupancy standards, 503 

COURTS 

Space and occupancy standards, 502 
Walls and shafts; painting, 1302 



D 



DANGEROUS ARTICLES 

Prohibited, 1310 

DEFINITIONS 

Defined terms 

Accessible, 1204 
Accessible attic space, 1204 
Apartment, 401 
Apartment house, 103, 401 
Approved, 400 
Approved agency, 400 
Basement, 401 
Bathroom, 401 
Bay window, 401 
Building 

Existing at adoption of code, 401 

Subject to code, 401 
Building Code, 401 
Building Official, 401 
California Plan for the Residential 

Conservation Service, 1204 
Ceiling height, 401 
City, 401 

Complete inspection, 1204 
Congregate residence, 401 
Cost-effective, 1204 



DEFINITIONS (Cont'd) 
Defined terms (Cont'd) 
Deterioration, 40 1 
Director of the Department of Building 

Inspection, 401 
Dormitory, 401 
Dwelling, 103,401 
Dwelling unit, 401 
Electrical Code, 401 
Energy inspection, 1204 
Equivalent public way, 401 
Escrow, 1204 
Exit, 401 
Family, 401 
Fire Code, 401 
Fire hazard, 401 
Garage, 401 
Garage, private, 401 
Guest room, 40 1 
Guest room suite, 401 
Habitable space (room), 40 1 
Handrail, 401 
Height of building, 401 
Hotel, 103,401 
Housekeeping room/unit with cooking 

facilities, 401 
Kitchen, 401 
Kitchen, community, 401 
Life hazard, 401 
Lodging house, 401 
Main entrance or exit, 401 
Mechanical Code, 401 
Mechanical ventilation, 401 
Meter conversion, 1204 
Mildew, 401 
Mold, 401 
Motel, 401 
Municipal Code, 40 1 
Nuisance, 401 
Overcrowding, 401 
Owner, 401 
Pantry, 401 
Partition, 401 
Person, 401 
Plumbing Code, 401 
Porch, 401 
Premises, 401 
Public area, 906 
Qualified inspector, 1206, 12A04 



1/01/2008 



1-3 



INDEX 



2007 SAN FRANCISCO HOUSING CODE 



DEFINITIONS (Cont'd) 
Defined terms (Cont'd) 
Repairs, 401 
Required, 401 

Residential building, 351, 1204 
Residential hotel, 904 
Roof structure, 40 1 
Rooming house, 401 
R-values, 1204 
Service room, 401 
Shaft, 401 

Simple economic payback, 1204 
Stairwell, 401 
Story, 401 

Substandard building, 401 
Superficial floor area, 401 
Transfer of title, 1204 
Toilet room, 401 
Unheated areas, 1204 
Unsafe building, 401 
Unusable space, 401 
Use, 401 

Ventilating area, 401 
Water closet compartment, 401 
Water conservation inspector, 12A04 
Weathering, 401 
Window, 401 
Interpretation, 400 

DEMOLITION OF BUILDINGS 

Residential energy conservation, 1208 
Residential water conservation, 12A07 

DEPARTMENT OF BUILDING INSPECTION 

Code enforcement, 201 

DESIGN STANDARDS 

Garbage receptacles, 707, 1305 
Sprinkler systems, 904 

DOORS 

Self-closing, 912 

DORMITORIES 

Definition, 401 

Space and occupancy standards, 504 

DRAINAGE (See SPACE AND OCCUPANCY 
STANDARDS) 



DWELLING UNITS 

Definition, 401 

Space and occupancy standards, 505 

-E- 

ELECTRICAL OUTLETS 

Convenience outlets, 504 
Heaters, 701 

Mechanical requirements, 701 
Substandard buildings, 1002 

ELEVATORS 

Artificial light required, 503 
Buildings over 50 feet in height, 713 
Enclosures, 808 
Lack of service, 1002 
Vertical openings, 710 

ENERGY CONSERVATION (See 
RESIDENTIAL ENERGY CONSERVATION) 

ENERGY INSPECTORS (See QUALIFIED 
INSPECTORS) 

ENFORCEMENT 

Abatement, 20 1 

Annual report, 204 

Appropriation of fines collected, 204 

Arrests, 204 

Authority, 201 

Board of Supervisors; annual report to, 204 

Civil penalty, 204 

Code enforcement areas designated, 201 

Cost recover, 204 

Criminal penalty; citations, 204 

Department members; public officers, 204 

Fee recovery, 204 

Fines collected; appropriation of, 204 

Housing Advisory and Appeals Board, 203 

Mobile Homes Park Act responsibility, 207 

Noncompliance with order, 204 

Penalties, 204 

Posted notices, interference with, 205 

Public officers, 204 

Reserved, 202 

Retroactive provisions, 206 

Right of entry, 201 



1-4 



1/01/2008 



2007 SAN FRANCISCO HOUSING CODE 



INDEX 



ENFORCEMENT (Cont'd) 
Special assessment lien, 204 
Vacation order, 201 
Violations, 204 

ENTRANCES (See also EXITS) 
Main entrance defined, 401 

ESCROW 

Definition, 1204 

Energy conservation escrow account, 1211 

EXITS (See also ENTRANCES) 

Applicable codes and regulations, 801 

Basement stairways, 803 

Definition, 401 

Elevator enclosures, 808 

Exit connection from rear yard to street, 809 

Exit corridors 

Mechanical ventilation, 504 

Minimum width, 802 

Skylights 

Area, 504 
Location, 504 
Permitted, 504 

Stairway ventilation, 504 

Windows 

Area, 504 
Location, 504 
Required, 504 
General, 800 
Manual release 

Exit doors, 801 

Security bars, 801 
Occupant load, 801 
R-1 Occupancy, 800 
Smoke barriers, 807 
Stairs, 801 
Stairways 

Closets, 802 

Enclosures, 806 

Exit corridors, 802 

Handrails, 802 

Storage areas beneath, 802 

To basement, 803 

To roof, 805 
Stairways, 802 
Unobstructed means of egress, 810 



-F 



FEES (See PERMITS AND INSPECTIONS) 

FINAL COMPLETION AND OCCUPANCY 

Certificate of final completion and occupancy 
Completion and occupancy, 1101 
Condominium conversions, 1210 
Residential building record report, 351 

Residential energy conservation, 1210 

FINES (See VIOLATIONS) 

FIRE ALARMS (See FIRE PROTECTION) 

FIRE HAZARDS 

Dangerous articles, 1310 

FIRE PROTECTION 

Apartment houses 

Automatic sprinkler systems, 904 

Fire alarms, 902 

Fire safety, 60 1 
Automatic sprinkler systems 

Domestic water system, 904 

Installation, 906 

Location, 907 

Residential hotels, 904 

Where required, 904 
Entrances; exits, 807, 809 
Equipment location, 907 
Fire alarm systems 

Apartment houses, 902 

Buildings two or more stories in height, 
902 

Exclusive use, 901 

Installation, 901 

Location, 901 

Sprinklers; effect, 902 
Fire extinguishers; portable, 905 
Fire hazards; dangerous articles, 1310 
General, 900 



1/01/2008 



1-5 



INDEX 



2007 SAN FRANCISCO HOUSING CODE 



FIRE PROTECTION (Cont'd) 
Inspection, 908 
Installation of alarms, 901 
Intercommunicating systems, 901 
Maintenance, 908 
Repair, 908 
Residential hotels, 904 
Self-closing doors, 912 
Signal systems, 901 
Single-station smoke detector with alarm 

required, 911 
Smoke detection and alarm systems, 909 
Sprinklers, 904, 906 
Standpipes, 903 
Wet standpipes, 903 



-H- 

HABITABLE ROOMS OR SPACE 

Definition, 401 

Space and occupancy standards, 504 

HAZARDOUS CONDITIONS 

Dangerous articles, 1310 

Maintenance, sanitation, and repair, 1310 

Substandard buildings, 1001 

HEARINGS 

Residential energy conservation, 1217 - 1219 

HEAT DETECTORS (See FIRE PROTECTION) 



FIXTURES (See SPACE AND OCCUPANCY 
STANDARDS) 



HEATERS (See MECHANICAL 
REQUIREMENTS) 



FLAMMABLE MATERIALS 

Dangerous articles, 1310 



HEATING STANDARDS (See MECHANICAL 
REQUIREMENTS) 



FLOOR AREA (See SPACE AND OCCUPANCY 
STANDARDS) 

-G- 



HEIGHT 

Ceiling heights, 503 

E',levators, 713 

Height of building defined, 401 



GARAGES 

Apartment houses, 706 
Structural requirements, 603 



HOMELESS SHELTERS 

E>epartment of Building Inspection 

Administrative Bulletins applicable, 103 



GARBAGE 

Chute sprinkler systems, 906 
Receptacles 

Compartment construction, 1305 

Design standards, 707 

Composition, 1304 

Quantity, 1304 

Shafts, 1305 

Sprinkler systems, 1304 

Storage, 1304 

Substandard buildings, 1001 

GATES (See APARTMENT HOUSES) 

GRANDFATHER CLAUSE (See SPACE AND 
OCCUPANCY STANDARDS) 



HOTELS 

Alarm systems, 902 

Bedding, 1308, 1309 

Building address, 706 

Caretakers, 1311 

Conversions, 601 

Cooking facilities, 709 

Dangerous articles, 1310 

Definition, 401 

Doors, 706 

Drying platforms, 704 

Elevators, 808 

Enforcement, 206 

Entrances; exits, 601, 706, 801, 807, 809 

Exterior doors, 706 

Fees, 302 



1-6 



1/01/2008 



2007 SAN FRANCISCO HOUSING CODE 



INDEX 



HOTELS (Cont'd) 

Filth, deposit of, 1308 

Fire hazards, 1310 

Fire protection, 601, 912 

Flammable materials, 1310 

Foul matter, deposit of, 1308 

Garages, 603 

Garbage, 1304 

Heating standards, 701 

Inspections, 302 

Licenses, 302, 1310 

Lighting, 504 

Locks, 706 

Machine shops, 711 

Maintenance, sanitation, and repair, 1301, 1303, 

1308-13010 
Mechanical requirements, 701, 704, 706, 709 
Painting, 1301 
Paints, 710 

Parking regulations and facilities, 706 
Permits, 302, 1310 

Residential energy conservation, 1208, 1210 
Roof decks, 704 
Roof openings, 706 
Sanitation, 505 
Security provisions, 705, 706 
Self-closing doors, 912 
Smoke barriers, 807 
Smoke detectors, 91 1 
Space and occupancy standards, 504, 505 
Sprinkler systems, 601, 904 
Stairs and stairways, 806 
Structural requirements, 601 
Termite protection, 601 
Towels, 1308, 1309 
Urine, deposit of, 1308 
Vermin control, 1308 
Volatile liquids, 710 
Wall papering, 1303 



HOUSING CODE TITLE AND SCOPE 

Alternate materials, 1 05 

Buildings moved into jurisdiction, 104 

Congregate residences, 1 03 

Definitions, 103 

Existing buildings and structures, 104 

Homeless shelters, 1 03 

Hotels, 103 

Lodging houses, 1 03 

Lots, 103 

Nuisance, 103 

Policy, 100 

Purpose, 102 

Reconstruction, 103 

Rooming houses, 103 

Rules and regulations, 103 

Scope, 103 

Title, 101 



-I 



ILLUMINATION (See LIGHT) 

INSPECTIONS (See PERMITS AND 
INSPECTIONS) 

INSTALLATION (See SPACE AND 
OCCUPANCY STANDARDS) 



K 



KITCHENS 

Definition, 401 

Mechanical requirements, 709 

Residential water conservation, 12A10 

Self-closing doors, 912 

Space and occupancy standards, 505 



HOUSING ACCESS (See SPACE AND 
OCCUPANCY STANDARDS) 

HOUSING ADVISORY AND APPEALS BOARD 

Code enforcement, 203 



LIABILITY 

Residential energy conservation, 1215 
Residential water conservation, 12A13 

LICENSES (See PERMITS AND 
INSPECTIONS) 



LIENS (See SPECIAL ASSESSMENT LIENS) 



1/01/2008 



1-7 



INDEX 



LIGHT 

Artificial light, 504 

Habitable room; natural light and 

ventilation, 504 
Space and occupancy standards, 504 
Substandard buildings, 1001 

LOCKS 

Security standards, 706 

LODGING HOUSES 

Definition, 401 

General provisions, 1 03 

Heating standards, 70 1 

Mechanical requirements, 701 

Sanitation, 505 

Space and occupancy requirements, 505 

-M- 

MACHINE SHOP 

Prohibition, 711 

MAINTENANCE, SANITATION, AND REPAIR 

Apartment houses, 1301, 1303, 1308, 1310 

Bedding, 1308 

Caretakers, 1311 

Courts, 1302 

Dangerous articles, 1310 

Deposit of rubbish and the like, 1307 

Fire hazards, 1310 

Flammable materials, 1310 

Garbage receptacle compartment, 1305 

Garbage receptacles, 1304, 1306, 1307 

Hazardous conditions, 1310 

Hotels, 1301, 1303, 1308, 1310 

Licenses and permits, 1310 

Nuisances, 1307 

Obstructions, 1307 

Painting, 1301-1303 

Repairs defined, 401 

Sanitation, 1306 

Space and occupancy standards, 505 

Shafts, 1301, 1302 

Toilet facilities, 1306 

Towels, 1309 

Vermin control, 1301, 1306 

Wallpaper, 1301, 1303 

Water closets, 1307 

Weatherproofing, 1302 



2007 SAN FRANCISCO HOUSING CODE 



MECHANICAL REQUIREMENTS 

Amusement rooms, 709 
Apartment houses 

Drying platforms, 704 

Heat requirements, 701 

Roof decks, 704 

Minimum safety standards, 705 

Security, 706 
Boilers, 701 

Condominium security, 706 
Congregate residences, 701 
Cooking prohibited, 709 
Drying platforms, 704 
Electrical equipment, 701 
Elevators, 713 

Garbage receptacle compartments, 707 
Guestrooms, 701 
Heaters; portable, 701 
Heating, 701 
Hotels and motels 

Drying platforms, 704 

Heat requirements, 701 

Minimum safety standards, 705 

Roof decks, 704 

Security, 706 
Kitchens, 709 
Lodging houses, 701 
Mechanical ventilation, 701 
Minimum heat requirements, 701 
Paints 

Shops, 710 

Skylights, 710 

Storage, 710 

Vertical openings, 710 
Portable heaters, 701 
Prohibited uses, 709 
Roof decks, 704 
Rooming houses, 701 
Security 

Purpose, 705 

Standards, 706 
Shafts, 710 

Sleeping regulated, 709 
Toilet facilities, 709 

Utility shutoff devices; identification, 712 
Vent shafts, 710 
Ventilation, 701 



1-8 



1/01/2008 



2007 SAN FRANCISCO HOUSING CODE 



INDEX 



MECHANICAL REQUIREMENTS (Cont'd) 
Volatile liquids, 710 
Water closets, 709 
Weather protection, 703 
Weatherstripping of windows, 708 

MECHANICAL VENTILATION (See also 
MECHANICAL REQUIREMENTS or SPACE 
AND OCCUPANCY STANDARDS) 

Definition, 401 

METERING COIWERSION 

Residential water conservation, 12A08 

MILDEW (See SUBSTANDARD BUILDINGS) 

MOBILE HOMES PARK ACT (See 
ENFORCEMENT) 

MOLD (See SUBSTANDARD BUILDINGS) 

MOTELS (See HOTELS) 

MOTOR VEHICLE REPAIR SHOP 

Prohibition, 711 

MULTI-FAMILY RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS 

Residential energy conservation, 12A10 



-N 



NATURAL LIGHT (See SPACE AND 
OCCUPANCY STANDARDS) 

NOTICES 

Caretakers, 1311 

Code enforcement, 201, 204, 205 
Interference with posted notice, 205 
Residential energy conservation, 1211, 1213, 

1217,1218 
Residential water conservation, 12A12 

NUISANCES 

General provisions, 103 

Maintenance, sanitation, and repair, 1307 



O- 



OBSTRUCTIONS 

Entrances; exits, 810 

Maintenance, sanitation, and repair, 1307 

Structural requirements, 602 

OCCUPANCY STANDARDS (See SPACE AND 
OCCUPANCY STANDARDS) 

OFFENSES (See VIOLATIONS) 

-P- 

PAINTEVG 

Required, 1301 

PAINTS AND VOLATILE LIQUIDS 

Mechanical requirements, 7 1 

PARKING REGULATIONS AND FACILITIES 

Security standards, 706 

PENALTIES (See VIOLATIONS) 

PERMITS AND INSPECTIONS 

Alarm systems, 901 
Apartment houses, 302 
Code enforcement, 201 
Fees 

Apartment house license fees, 301 

Hotel license fees, 301 

Payment responsibility, 301 

Special assessment lien, 301 
Fire protections, 908 
Generally, 301 
Inspection generally, 303 
Residential building record report, 352, 353 
Residential energy conservation, 1205 - 1208, 

1210, 1211,1213, 1216 
Residential water conservation, 12A05 - 12A09, 

12A12, 12A13 

PLUMBING 

Maintenance, sanitation, and repair, 1306, 1307 
Space and occupancy standards, 505 
Substandard buildings, 1001 



1/01/2008 



1-9 



INDEX 



2007 SAN FRANCISCO HOUSING CODE 



PROHIBITED USES 

Mechanical requirements, 709 

PUBLIC HEARINGS (See HEARINGS) 

PUBLIC RECORDS (See RECORDS) 

-Q- 

QUALIFIED INSPECTORS 

Conflict of interest, 1206 
Definitions, 1206, 12A04 

-R- 

R-1 OCCUPANCY 

Alarm systems, 902 

Elevators, 713 

Entrances; exits, 800 

Fire protection, 900 

Residential water conservation, 12A1 1 

R-3 OCCUPANCY 

Residential water conservation, 12A11 

RATES (See PERMITS AND INSPECTIONS) 

REMEDIES (See SPACE AND OCCUPANCY 
STANDARDS) 

REPAIR (See MAINTENANCE, SANITATION, 
AND REPAIR) 

REPORTS 

Code enforcement, 204 

Residential building record report, 351 -2353 

Residential energy conservation, 1216, 1218 

REQUIRED UNOCCUPIED SPACE (See 
SPACE AND OCCUPANCY STANDARDS) 

RESIDENTIAL BUH^DING RECORD REPORT 

Application for, 352 

Contents of report, 351 

Expiration of, 352 

Fee, 352, 353 

Inspection of residential building, 353 

Required, 351 

Residential building defined, 351 



RESIDENTIAL ENERGY CONSERVATION 

Abatement, 1215 

Amortization in rental property, 1214 

Appeal from energy inspection result, 1213 

Certificate of Inspection and Approval, 1210 

Certificate of Use for Tourist Occupancy, 1208 

Civil remedies, 1215 

Complete inspection requirements, 1210 

Compliance with minimum measures, 1207 

Condominium conversion requirements, 1210 

Conflict of interests; inspectors, 1206 

Definitions 

Accessible, 1204 

Accessible attic space, 1204 

California plan for the residential 
conservation service, 1204 

Complete inspection, 1204 

Cost-effective, 1204 

Escrow, 1204 

Energy inspection, 1204 

Meter conversion, 1204 

Residential building, 1204 

R-value, 1204 

Simple economic payback, 1204 

Transfer of title, 1204 

Unhealed areas, 1204 
Demolition of buildings, 1208 
Energy conservation escrow account, 1211 
Energy inspections 

Appeal, 1213 

Notice of code requirements, 121 1 

Qualifying inspections, 1205 

Transfer of title, 1211 
Energy inspectors; qualified, 1206 
Escrow account, 1211 
Exemptions, 1208 
Expenditure limitation, 1209 
Fees, 1216 

Filing fee; appeal of inspection, 1213 
Findings, 1202 
Intent, 1203 
Interim rules, 1218 
Liability, 1215 

Major improvement requirements, 1210 
Metering conversion requirements, 1210 
Minimum measures 

Certificate of compliance, 1207 

Contents, 1207 

Filing, 1207 



I-lO 



1/01/2008 



2007 SAN FRANCISCO HOUSING CODE 



INDEX 



RESIDENTIAL ENERGY CONSERVATION 

(Cont'd) 

Minimum measures (Cont'd) 

Inspection form, 1207 

Inspection limitation, 1207 

Public record, 1207 

Recording, 1207 
Ordinance review, 1219 
Postponement of requirements, 1208 
Proof of compliance with minimum 

measures, 1207 
Records, 1207 
Required measures, 1212 
Residential condominium conversion 

requirements, 1210 
Rules 

Authorization, 1217 

Interim rules, 1218 
Severability, 1220 
Title, 1201 

Transfer of title, 1211,1215 
Water heaters, 1212 

RESIDENTIAL HOTELS 

Definition, 904 
Fire protection, 904 
Illegal conversion, 1002 



RESIDENTIAL WATER CONSERVATION 

(Cont'd) 

Minimum measures 

Certificate of compliance, 12A06 

Inspection form, 12A06 

Public record, 12A06 
Notices, 12A12 

Postponement of requirements, 12A07 
R-1 Occupancy, 12A11 
R-3 Occupancy, 12A11 
Records, 12A06, 12A 11 
Remedies, 12A13 
Required measures, 12A10 
Residential condominium conversion 

requirements, 12A08 
Required water conservation measures, 12A10 
Residential buildings; compliance 

Affidavit, 12A11 

Motels exempted, 12A1 1 

Public record, 12A11 

R-1 and R-3 occupancies, 12A1 1 

Tourist hotels exempted, 12A1 1 
Severability, 12A14 
Single-family dwellings, 12A10 
Title, 12A01 
Toilet facilities, 12A10 
Transfer of title; inspection requirement, 12A09 



RESIDENTIAL WATER CONSERVATION 

Appeal from inspection result, 12A12 

Civil Remedies, 12A13 

Complete inspection requirements, 12A08 

Compliance with minimum measures, 12A06 

Condominium conversions, 12A08 

Courts, 1302 

Definitions 

Qualified inspector, 12A04 

Water conservation inspection, 12A04 

Demolition of buildings, 12A07 

Findings, 12A02 

Inspection requirement at transfer of title, 
12A09 

Inspections, 12A05 - 12A09, 12A12, 12A13 

Intent, 12A03 

Liability, 12A13 

Major improvement requirements, 12A08 

Metering conversion requirements, 12A08 



RIGHT OF ENTRY 

Code enforcement, 201 
Construction regulations, 303 

ROOM DIMENSIONS (See SPACE AND 
OCCUPANCY STANDARDS) 

ROOM SEPARATIONS (See SPACE AND 
OCCUPANCY STANDARDS) 

ROOMING HOUSES 

Definition, 401 

General provisions, 103 

Heating standards, 701 

Mechanical requirements, 701 

Sanitation, 505 

Space and occupancy requirements, 505 

RUBBISH 

Prohibitions, 1307 



1/01/2008 



I-ll 



INDEX 



2007 SAN FRANCISCO HOUSING CODE 



S- 



SANITATION (See MAINTENANCE, 
SANITATION, AND REPAIR or SPACE AND 
OCCUPANCY STANDARDS) 

SECURITY PROVISIONS 

Purpose, 705 
Standards, 706 

SHAFTS 

Definition, 401 

Elevators, 808 

Garbage receptacles, 1304, 1305 

Paints, 710 

Space and occupancy standards, 502 

Volatile liquids, 710 

Walls; painting required, 1302 

SINGLE-FAMILY DWELLINGS 

Alarm systems, 911 

Entrances; exits, 801 

Residential energy conservation, 1212 

Residential water conservation, 12A10 

Smoke detectors, 91 1 

Space and occupancy standards, 503 

Stairs and stairways, 802 

SKYLIGHTS 

Area, 504 

Location, 504 

Paints; volatile liquids, 710 

Where permitted, 504 

SMOKE BARRIERS 

Alarm systems, 901 
Apartment houses, 807 
Entrances and exits, 807 
Hotels, 807 

SMOKE DETECTORS (See FIRE 
PROTECTION) 

SPACE AND OCCUPANCY STANDARDS 

Artificial lights, 504 
Basement rooms 

Habitable, 506 

Waterproofing, 505 



SPACE AND OCCUPANCY STANDARDS 

(Cont'd) 

Ceiling heights, 503 

Congregate residences, 505 

Cooking facilities, 503, 507 

Courts, 502 

Dormitories, 504 

Drainage, 505 

Dwelling units, 505 

Electrical convenience outlets, 504 

Exit corridors 

Mechanical ventilation, 504 
Skylights 

Area, 504 

Location, 504 

Permitted, 504 
Stairway ventilation, 504 
Windows 

Area, 504 

Location, 504 

Required, 504 
Fixtures, 505 
Floor area, 503 
Grrandfather clause, 501 
Habitable room; natural light and 

ventilation, 504 
Height, 503 
Hotels, 505 
Housing access, 503 
Installation, 505 
Kitchen, 505 
Light, 504 

Lodging houses, 505 
Maintenance, 505 
Plumbing, 505 
Remedies, 503 

Required unoccupied space, 501 
Room dimensions, 503 
Room separations, 505 
Sanitation, 505 
Toilet facilities, 505 
Vent shafts, 501 

Ventilation; mechanical ventilation, 504 
Width, 503 

Water closet compartment, 505 
Waterproofing, 505 



■12 



1/01/2008 



2007 SAN FRANCISCO HOUSING CODE 



INDEX 



SPACE AND OCCUPANCY STANDARDS 

(Cont'd) 

Windows 

Exit corridors 
Area, 504 
Location, 504 
Required, 504 
Openable window area, 504 
Yards, 502 

SPECIAL ASSESSMENT LIENS 

Apartment houses and hotels, 302 
Code enforcement, 204 



SUBSTANDARD BUILDINGS (Cont'd) 
Mildew, 1002 
Mold, 1002 
Nuisances, 1001 
Occupancy improper, 1001 
Plumbing, 1001 
Safety; lack of, 1001 
Sanitation inadequate, 1001 
Structural hazards, 1001 
Toilet facilities, 1001 
Water closets, 1001 
Weather protection; faulty, 1001 
Wiring, 1001 



SPRINKLER SYSTEMS 

Apartment houses 

Older buildings, 601 

Requirements, 904 
Fire protection 

Equipment, 907 

Locations, 906 

Requirements, 904 
Garbage 

Chutes, 906 

Receptacles, 707 

Rooms containing, 1304 

STRUCTURAL REQUIREMENTS 

Apartment houses, 601 

Construction, 601 

Foundation ventilation, 602 

Garages, 603 

Hotels, 601 

Public exit corridor defined, 601 

Structural maintenance 

Affidavit required, 604 

SUBSTANDARD BUILDINGS 

Electrical outlets, 1002 

Elevators, 1002 

Exit inadequate, 1001 

Fire hazards, 1001 

Fire protection equipment inadequate, 1001 

Illegal conversion of residential hotels, 1002 

Maintenance inadequate, 1001 

Materials of construction; faulty, 1001 

Mechanical equipment, 1001 



-T- 

TERMITES 

Wood protection, 601 

TOILET FACILITIES 

Fire protection, 912 

Maintenance, sanitation, and repair, 106 

Mechanical requirements, 709 

Residential water conservation, 12A10 

Self-closing doors, 912 

Space and occupancy standards, 505 

Substandard buildings, 1001 

TOWELS, 1309 

TWO-FAMILY DWELLINGS 

Alarm systems, 911 

Entrances; exits, 801 

Residential energy conservation, 1212 

Smoke detectors, 91 1 

Stairs and stairways, 802 



U- 



UNOCCUPIED SPACE (See SPACE AND 
OCCUPANCY STANDARDS) 

UNSAFE BUILDINGS (See SUBSTANDARD 
BUILDINGS) 

UTILITY SHUT-OFF DEVICES (See 
MECHANICAL REQUIREMENTS) 



1/01/2008 



1-13 



INDEX 



2007 SAN FRANCISCO HOUSING CODE 



VACATING BUILDINGS 

Code enforcement, 201 

VEHICLE REPAIR SHOP 

Prohibition, 711 

VENT SHAFTS (See SPACE AND 
OCCUPANCY STANDARDS) 

VENTILATION (See SPACE AND 
OCCUPANCY STANDARDS) 

VERMIN CONTROL 

Apartment houses, 1308 

Garbage receptacles, 707 

Hotels, 1308 

Maintenance, sanitation, and repair, 1301, 1306 

Substandard buildings, 1001 

VIOLATIONS 

Code enforcement, 204 

Space and occupancy standards, 503 

VOLATILE LIQUIDS (See PAINTS AND 
VOLATILE LIQUIDS) 



W 



WATER INSPECTORS (See QUALIFIED 
INSPECTORS) 

WATERPROOFING (See SPACE AND 
OCCUPANCY STANDARDS) 

WEATHERPROOFING 

Maintenance, sanitation, and repair, 1302 
Mechanical requirements, 703 

WEATHERSTRIPPING 

Mechanical requirements, 708 
Residential energy conservation, 1212 

WIDTH (See SPACE AND OCCUPANCY 
STAIVDARDS) 

WEsnoows 

Definition, 401 

Space and occupancy standards, 504 

WIR13VG (See ELECTRICAL OUTLETS) 

-Y- 

YARDS 

Definition, 401 

Space and occupancy standards, 502 



WALLPAPER 

Purpose, 1301 

Removal; painting over, 1303 

WATER CLOSET COMPARTMENT 

Definition, 401 

Maintenance, sanitation, and repair, 1307 

Mechanical requirements, 709 

Space and occupancy standards, 505 

Substandard buildings, 1001 

WATER CONSERVATION (See RESIDENTIAL 
WATER CONSERVATION) 

WATER HEATERS (See RESIDENTIAL 
ENERGY CONSERVATION) 



1-14 



1/01/2008